Afghanistan  

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"As much as 11% or more of Afghanistan's economy is derived from the cultivation and sale of opium, and Afghanistan is the world's largest producer of opium despite Afghan government and international efforts to eradicate the crop."--Sholem Stein


Afghanistan Bananistan


"Tens of thousands of Americans and Europeans would pass through the country over the next ten years - soldiers, diplomats, experts, political advisers and journalists. All of them trying to build this new society. But few of them stopped to think whether what had happened to the Russians twenty years before might also happen to them. That, in a strange way, Afghanistan has revealed to us the emptiness and hypocrisy of many our beliefs. And that we may be returning from there also haunted by mujaheddin ghosts, knowing that, underneath, we believe in nothing."-- Bitter Lake (2015) by Adam Curtis


"At the Kabul cemetery as well, many flower children's names can be found who died at a young age."--A Dream of Kabul (1996)

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Afghanistan is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia. It has a population of approximately 32 million, making it the 42nd most populous country in the world. It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and China in the far northeast.

The political history of the modern state of Afghanistan began with the Hotak and Durrani dynasties in the 18th century. In the late 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state in the "Great Game" between British India and the Russian Empire. Following the Third Anglo-Afghan War in 1919, King Amanullah unsuccessfully attempted to modernize the country. It remained peaceful during Zahir Shah's forty years of monarchy. A series of coups in the 1970s was followed by a series of civil wars that devastated much of Afghanistan and continues to this day.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Afghanistan" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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