From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Acid house is a sub-genre of house music that emphasizes a repetitive, hypnotic and trance-like style, with samples or spoken lines usually used rather than sung lyrics. Acid house's core electronic squelch sounds were developed by mid-1980s DJs from Chicago who experimented with the Roland TB-303 electronic synthesizer-sequencer. Acid house spread to the United Kingdom, Australia, and continental Europe, where it was played by DJ's in the early rave scene. By the late 1980s, copycat tracks and acid house remixes brought the style into the mainstream, where it had some influence on pop and dance styles. A yellow smiley face is considered an emblem of Acid House.
Notable acid house artists
- Maurice Joshua - "This Is Acid (A New Dance Craze)," "I Got a Big Dick."
- Phuture—Chicago-based group of acid-house pioneers, formed in 1985 and best known for its classic 1987 single "Acid Tracks," which is considered to be the 12-inch single that gave birth to the acid house movement.
- DJ Pierre, a member of Phuture, released various solo acid house tracks and remixes
- Armando—Chicago acid house musician, for "Land of Confusion" and many other seminal tracks
- Mr. Lee - another Chicago house musician who released several acid house tracks in 1988
- Fast Eddie - another Chicago house musician, for "Acid Thunder"
- Adonis - another Chicago house musician, for "We're Rockin Down The House"
- Bam Bam - another Chicago house musician, for "Where Is Your Child" and "Give It To Me"
- Lil Louis - another Chicago house musician, for "Frequency"
- 808 State - a Manchester, UK-based group of house/techno musicians, formed in 1988. Their first album, Newbuild, was acid house, and occasional acid house influences appear in later tracks.
- A Guy Called Gerald - 808 State cofounder, for the single "Voodoo Ray"
- The KLF - for "What Time Is Love?" and their self-described "stadium house" sound, which mixes acid house with hip-hop, pop, and stadium rock/chant influences
- The Shamen - Psychedelic techno act formed as a rock band in Aberdeen, Scotland in 1986. One of the first groups to bring acid house and techno into the pop mainstream.
- Psychic TV, released early albums of acid house music in 1988 as fake compilations.
- S'Express - Brought acid house to number one in the United Kingdom
- Baby Ford - UK-based band, formed in 1988. Their first single, Oochy Koochy and first album, Fordtrax was influenced by acid house.
- D Mob - Best known for 1988 UK #3 hit "We Call It Acieed"
- Guru Josh - for the 1989 single "Infinity (1990s... Time For The Guru)"