From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Achille Jacques-Jean-Marie Devéria (6 February 1800 – 23 December 1857) was a French painter and lithographer. His father was a civil employee of the navy and student of Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson and Louis Lafitte (1770–1828). He is now best-known for his risque drawings. His paintings were mainly done using watercolours. The French poet and critic Charles Baudelaire referred to his portrait series as showing "all the morals and aesthetics of the age".
By 1830 Devéria had become a successful illustrator and had published a many lithographs in form of notebooks and albums (e.g. his illustrations to Goethe's Faust, 1828) and romantic novels. He also produced many engravings of libertine contents.
Most of his work consisted of "pseudo-historical, pious, sentimental or erotic scenes." (Wright) Since he rarely depicted tragic or grave themes, he appears less Romantic than many other artists of the time.
Devéria was also known for doing portraits of artists and writers, whom he entertained in his Paris studio on Rue de l'Ouest. The list of his sitters includes Alexandre Dumas, père, Prosper Mérimée, Sir Walter Scott, David, Alfred de Musset, Sainte-Beuve, Balzac, Gericault, Victor Hugo, Marie Dorval, Alphonse de Lamartine, Alfred de Vigny and Franz Liszt.
Director of the Bibliothèque Nationale
In the following years, he taught drawing and lithography to his son, Théodule Devéria, and both worked on a family portrait album from 1853 until Devéria's death. They applied ink wash to several of the portraits in the album, possibly in preparation for printing lithographs from the photographs. The album photographs by Théodule Devéria are dated 1854.
Devéria spent his last days traveling in Egypt making drawings and transcribing texts. He died in 1857 of a "chest malady."
Ouvrages classiques illustrés par Achille Devéria
La liste n'est pas exhaustive.
- 1826 - Jean de la Fontaine Les Fables de La Fontaine.
- 1835 - Charles Perrault, des Contes dont Le Chat botté, Cendrillon.
- 1836 - Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoë.
- 1839 - Miguel Cervantès, Don Quichotte.
- Diabolico foutro manie (1835)