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-'''Western Asia''', '''West Asia''', '''Southwest Asia''' or '''Southwestern Asia''' are terms that describe the westernmost [[subregion|portion]] of [[Asia]]. The terms are partly [[wikt:coterminous|coterminous]] with the ''[[Middle East]]'' - which describes geographical position in relation to [[Western Europe]] rather than location within Asia. +A '''subregion''' is a part of a larger [[region]] or [[continent]] and is usually based on location. [[Cardinal direction]]s, such as south or southern, are commonly used to define a subregion.
-===[[West Asia]]===+== United Nations subregions ==
-West Asia largely corresponds with the term the [[Middle East]]. However, the usage of the term [[Middle East]] is slowly fading out due to its obvious [[Eurocentrism]] as the region is east of [[Europe]] ''but'' it is south of [[Russia]] and west of [[India]]. West Asia consists of [[Turkey]], [[Syria]], [[Armenia]], [[Georgia (country)|Georgia]], [[Azerbaijan]], [[Iraq]], [[Iran]], [[Lebanon]], [[Jordan]], [[Israel]], [[Palestinian territories]], [[Saudi Arabia]], [[Kuwait]], [[Bahrain]], [[Qatar]], [[United Arab Emirates]], [[Oman]] and [[Yemen]]. The region is the historical birthplace of [[Abrahamic religions]]: [[Judaism]], [[Christianity]] and [[Islam]]. Today, the region is almost 93% Muslim and is dominated by [[Islamic]] politics. Culturally, the region is [[Turkish people|Turkish]], [[Arab]] and [[Persian people|Persian]]. [[Iraq]] is a unique example of both [[Persian people|Persian]] and [[Arab]] culture. Many of the [[Arab countries]] are [[desert]] and thus many nomadic groups exist today. On the other hand, modern metropolises also exist on the shifting sands: [[Abu Dhabi]], [[Amman]], [[Riyadh]], [[Doha]] and [[Muscat, Oman|Muscat]]. The climate is mostly of a desert climate however some of the coastal regions have a more [[temperate climate]]. On the other hand, the [[Anatolia|Anatolian plateau]] ([[Turkey]], [[Georgia (country)|Georgia]], [[Armenia]]) is very [[mountainous]] and thus has a more [[temperate climate]] while the coasts have a distinct [[mediterranean climate]]. The [[Persian Plateau]] ([[Iran]], [[Azerbaijan]], [[Afghanistan]], [[Iraq]] and [[Turkmenistan]]) has a diverse terrain, it is mainly [[mountainous]] with portions of [[desert]], [[steppe]] and [[tropical forest]] on the coast of the [[Caspian Sea]]. [[Middle Eastern cuisine|West Asian cuisine]] is a fusion of [[Turkish cuisine|Turkish]], [[Arabian cuisine|Arabian]], [[North African cuisine|North African]] and [[Persian cuisine]]. It is immensely rich and diverse. The literature is also immensely rich with [[Arabic literature|Arabic]] and [[Persian literature]] dominating. One of the most famous literary works of West Asia is [[1001 Arabian Nights]].+The [[United Nations Statistics Division|Statistics Division]] of the [[United Nations]] (UN) is in charge of the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistical information for the UN. In 1999, it developed a system of macro-geographical (continental) regions, subregions, and other selected economic groups to report advances towards achieving numerous [[Millennium Development Goals|millennial development goals]] worldwide. These [[United Nations geoscheme|statistical divisions]] were devised for statistical purposes and is used for carrying out statistical analysis. The division's first publication was the book ''World's Women 2000: Trends and Statistics'' in 2000.
 +
 +According to the UN, the assignment of countries or areas to specific groupings is for statistical convenience and does not imply any assumption regarding political or other affiliation of countries or territories.
 + 
 +== Subregions by continent ==
 +The following is a non-exhaustive list of subregions, arranged alphabetically by region (i.e., by continent); in the UN geoscheme, higher-level, macro-geographical regions are arranged to the extent possible according to continents.
 + 
 +=== [[Afro-Eurasia]] ===
 +==== [[Africa]] ====
 +* ''by the United Nations Statistics Division's subregions (see also: [[United Nations geoscheme for Africa|UN geoscheme for Africa]]):''
 +** [[East Africa|Eastern Africa]]
 +** [[Central Africa|Middle Africa]] ([[Congo Basin|Congo]])
 +** [[North Africa|Northern Africa]]
 +** [[Southern Africa]]
 +** [[West Africa|Western Africa]] ([[Guinea (region)|Guinea]])
 +* ''by geography:''
 +** [[Central Africa]] (aka [[Congo Basin|Congo]], [[Central Africa|Middle Africa]], [[Equatorial Africa]] or [[Tropical Africa]])
 +*** [[Congo Basin]]
 +*** [[Sudan (region)]] (also part of [[East Africa]] and [[West Africa]])
 +**** [[East Sudanian Savanna]] (also part of [[East Africa]])
 +** [[East Africa]]
 +*** [[Horn of Africa]]
 +*** [[Sudan (region)]] (also part of [[Central Africa]] and [[West Africa]])
 +**** [[East Sudanian Savanna]] (also part of [[Central Africa]])
 +***** [[Sudd]]
 +** [[North Africa]]
 +*** [[Sahara]]
 +**** [[Maghreb]]
 +*** [[Sahel]]
 +** [[Southern Africa]]
 +** [[West Africa]] ([[Guinea (region)|Guinea]])
 +*** [[Sudan (region)]] (also part of [[Central Africa]] and [[East Africa]])
 +**** [[Sudanian Savanna|West Sudanian Savanna]]
 +*** [[Horn of Africa]]
 +**** [[North Africa]]
 +** [[Sub-Saharan Africa]]
 +** [[Kaapvaal craton]]
 +** [[Zimbabwe craton]]
 + 
 +==== [[Eurasia]] ====
 +===== [[Asia]] =====
 +* ''by the United Nations Statistics Division's subregions (see also: [[United Nations geoscheme for Asia|UN geoscheme for Asia]]):''
 +** [[Central Asia]]
 +** [[East Asia|Eastern Asia]]
 +** [[Southeast Asia|Southeastern Asia]]
 +** [[South Asia|Southern Asia]]
 +** [[Western Asia]]
 +* ''by geography:''
 +** [[Central Asia]]
 +*** [[Indus River|Indus Valley]]
 +*** [[Iranian Plateau]]
 +** [[East Asia]]
 +*** [[Greater China]]
 +**** [[China]]
 +***** [[Hong Kong]] (some geographers consider it as part of [[Northeast Asia]])
 +***** [[Macau]] (some geographers consider it as part of [[Northeast Asia]])
 +***** [[Mainland China]]
 +****** [[North China]] (Eastern [[Inner Mongolia]] is also part of [[Northeast China]])
 +****** [[Northeast China]] (also part of [[Northeast Asia]])
 +****** [[List of regions of the People's Republic of China|Southeast China]]
 +******* [[East China]] (some geographers include the [[Taiwan|Taiwan Island]], [[Penghu]], [[Kinmen]], [[Matsu Islands]], and [[Senkaku Islands]] in this subregion)
 +******* [[South Central China]]
 +******** [[Central China]]
 +******** [[South China]] (including the [[Hainan|Hainan Island]], [[Paracel Islands]], and [[Zhongsha Islands]]; some geographers also include [[Hong Kong]], [[Macau]], and the [[Pratas Islands]] in this subregion)
 +****** [[Western China]]
 +******* [[Northwest China]] (some geographers consider [[Qinghai]] and [[Xinjiang]] as part of [[Central Asia]])
 +******* [[Southwest China]] (some geographers consider [[Tibet Autonomous Region|Tibet]] as part of [[Central Asia]])
 +**** [[Taiwan]] (some geographers consider it as part of [[Northeast Asia]])
 +**** [[Spratly Islands]]
 +***** [[James Shoal]]
 +*** [[Mongolia]] (some geographers consider it as part of [[Central Asia]] or [[Northeast Asia]])
 +*** [[Northeast Asia]]
 +**** [[China]]
 +***** Eastern [[Inner Mongolia]]
 +***** [[Northeast China]]
 +**** [[Japan]]
 +**** [[Korea]] (the [[Korean Peninsula]])
 +***** [[North Korea]]
 +***** [[South Korea]]
 +**** [[Russia]]
 +***** [[Outer Manchuria]] (also part of [[North Asia]])
 +***** [[Sakhalin]] (also part of [[North Asia]])
 +** [[North Asia]] (aka [[Siberia]])
 +*** [[Russian Far East]]
 +**** [[Outer Manchuria]] (also part of [[Northeast Asia]])
 +**** [[Sakhalin]] (also part of [[Northeast Asia]])
 +** [[South Asia]] (mainly the [[Indian subcontinent]])
 +*** [[Deccan Plateau]] ([[South India|Peninsular India]])
 +*** [[Eastern South Asia]]
 +*** The [[Himalayas]]
 +*** [[India]]
 +**** [[Central India]]
 +**** [[East India]]
 +**** [[Northeast India]]
 +**** [[North India]]
 +**** [[South India]]
 +**** [[Western India]]
 +*** [[Indo-Gangetic Plain]]
 +*** [[List of sovereign states and dependent territories in the Indian Ocean]]
 +** [[Southeast Asia]]
 +*** [[Mainland Southeast Asia]] (the [[Mainland Southeast Asia|Indochinese Peninsula]] or [[Indochina]])
 +**** [[Malay Peninsula]]
 +***** [[Peninsular Malaysia]]
 +***** [[Southern Thailand]]
 +*** [[Maritime Southeast Asia]] (the [[Malay Archipelago]] or [[Malesia]])
 +**** [[Nusantara]]
 +***** [[East Malaysia]]
 +** [[Western Asia]] ([[Western Asia|Southwest Asia]])
 +*** [[Anatolia|Asia Minor]] ([[Anatolia]])
 +*** [[Arabian Peninsula]] ([[Arabian Peninsula|Arabia]])
 +*** [[Caucasus]]
 +**** [[North Caucasus]]
 +**** [[Transcaucasia|South Caucasus]] ([[Transcaucasia]])
 +*** [[Iranian Plateau]]
 +*** [[Levant]]
 +**** [[Mesopotamia]]
 +* ''by geopolitics:''
 +** [[Far East]]
 +*** [[Farther India]]
 +*** [[Greater China]]
 +**** [[China proper]]
 +*** [[Korea]]
 +*** [[Russian Far East]]
 +** [[Middle East]]
 +*** [[MENA]]
 +**** [[Middle East]] (aka the [[Near East]])
 +***** [[Arabian Peninsula|Arabia]] ([[Arabian Peninsula]])
 +*** The [[Central Asia|'stans]]
 +** [[Indian subcontinent]]
 +* ''by economics:''
 +** [[Arab League]]
 +** [[Association of Southeast Asian Nations]] (ASEAN)
 +** [[Eurasian Economic Community]]
 +** [[Greater Mekong Subregion]]
 +** [[Northern and southern China]]
 +* ''by culture:''
 +** [[Eastern world]]
 +*** [[East Asian cultural sphere]]
 +**** [[Northern and southern China]]
 +*** [[Indian subcontinent]]
 +*** [[Nanyang (region)|Nanyang]]
 +** [[Greater India]] (aka the [[East Indies]])
 +*** [[Farther India]]
 +**** [[Malay world]] (aka [[Greater Indonesia]])
 +***** [[Nusantara]]
 +*** [[Indian subcontinent]]
 +** [[Muslim world]] (aka the [[Muslim world|Islamic world]])
 +*** [[Arab world]] (aka the [[member states of the Arab League|Arab states]])
 +* ''by religions:''
 +** [[Abrahamic religions]] ([[Abrahamic religions|Western Asian religions]] or the [[Western religion]])
 +** [[Eastern religions]]
 +*** [[Indian religions|Dharmic religions]] ([[Indian religions]])
 +*** [[East Asian religions|Taoic religions]] ([[East Asian religions]] or [[East Asian religions|Far Eastern religions]])
 +* ''by biogeography:''
 +** [[Malesia]]
 + 
 +===== [[Europe]] =====
 +* ''by the United Nations Statistics Division's subregions (see also: [[United Nations geoscheme for Europe|UN geoscheme for Europe]]):''
 +** [[Eastern Europe]] – the UN includes [[North Asia]] ([[Siberia]]) and [[Central Europe]] in this subregion
 +** [[Northern Europe]] – the UN includes the [[British Isles]] in this subregion
 +** [[Southern Europe]]
 +** [[Western Europe]] – the UN includes [[Germany]] and other [[German-speaking Europe|DACH]] countries in this subregion
 +* ''by economy:''
 +** [[Central European Free Trade Agreement]]
 +** [[Commonwealth of Independent States Free Trade Area]] (CISFTA)
 +** [[Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia]]
 +** [[Eurasian Economic Community]]
 +** [[European Economic Area]]
 +** [[European Free Trade Association]]
 +** [[European Union Customs Union]]
 +** [[Eurozone]]
 +* ''by geology:''
 +** [[Baltic shield]]
 +** [[East European craton]]
 +** [[Ukrainian Shield]]
 +* ''by geopolitics:''
 +** [[Western world]]
 +*** [[European Union]]
 +* ''by peninsula:''
 +** [[Balkans|Balkan Peninsula]]
 +** [[Iberian Peninsula]]
 +** [[Italian Peninsula]] (aka the [[Italian Peninsula|Apennine Peninsula]])
 +** [[Scandinavian Peninsula]]
 +* ''by culture:''
 +** The [[Balkans]]
 +*** The [[Balkans|Eastern Balkans]]
 +*** The [[Balkans|Western Balkans]]
 +** The [[Baltic states]]
 +** [[Benelux]]
 +*** [[Belgium]]
 +*** The [[Netherlands]]
 +*** [[Luxembourg]]
 +** The [[British Isles]]
 +** The [[Caucasus]]
 +*** The [[North Caucasus]]
 +*** The [[South Caucasus]]
 +** [[Central Europe]]
 +** [[List of territorial entities where German is an official language|DACH]]
 +*** [[Germany]] ([[Germany|Deutschland]])
 +*** [[Austria]]
 +*** [[Switzerland]] ([[Switzerland|Confoederatio Helvetica]])
 +** [[Romance-speaking Europe|Latin Europe]]
 +** [[Nordic countries]]
 +*** [[Fennoscandia]]
 +**** [[Scandinavia]]
 +***** [[Sápmi]], since 1809 divided between [[Finland]] and [[Sweden]]
 +** [[Visegrád Group]]
 +* ''by religions:''
 +** [[Western religion]] ([[Abrahamic religions]] or [[Abrahamic religions|Western Asian religions]])
 +* ''by historical divisions:''
 +** [[Eastern Bloc]]
 +** [[Western Bloc]]
 + 
 +=== [[Americas]] ===
 +{{See also|Americas (terminology)}}
 + 
 +* ''by the United Nations Statistics Division's subregions (see also: [[United Nations geoscheme for the Americas|UN geoscheme for the Americas]]):''
 +** [[Latin America]] and the [[Caribbean]]
 +*** [[Caribbean]]
 +*** [[Latin America]]
 +**** [[Central America]]
 +**** [[South America]]
 +** [[Northern America]]
 +* ''by culture:''
 +** [[Anglo-America]]
 +** [[Latin America]]
 +*** [[Hispanic America]]
 +**** [[Mesoamerica]]
 + 
 +==== [[North America]] ====
 +* ''by geography:''
 +** [[Middle America (Americas)|Middle America]]
 +*** [[Central America]]
 +*** [[Clipperton Island]]
 +*** [[Mexico]]
 +*** The [[West Indies]]
 +**** [[Caribbean]] (aka the [[Antilles]])
 +***** The [[Greater Antilles]]
 +****** [[Hispaniola]]
 +***** The [[Lesser Antilles]]
 +****** The [[Leeward Antilles]]
 +****** The [[Leeward Islands]]
 +****** The [[Windward Islands]]
 +**** [[Lucayan Archipelago]]
 +** [[Northern America]]
 +*** [[Bermuda]]
 +*** [[Canada]]
 +**** [[Eastern Canada]]
 +***** [[Atlantic Canada]]
 +****** [[The Maritimes]]
 +***** [[Central Canada]]
 +**** [[Northern Canada]]
 +***** [[Arctic Archipelago|Canadian Arctic Archipelago]]
 +**** [[Western Canada]]
 +***** [[Canadian Prairies]]
 +***** [[British Columbia|West Coast]]
 +*** [[Great Lakes region]]
 +**** [[Great Lakes]]
 +*** [[Great Plains]]
 +*** [[Greenland]]
 +*** [[Saint Pierre and Miquelon]]
 +*** [[United States]]
 +**** [[Alaska]]
 +**** [[Contiguous United States]]
 +***** [[Eastern United States]]
 +****** [[East Coast of the United States]]
 +******* [[Atlantic coastal plain]]
 +******** [[Northeast megalopolis]]
 +******* [[Atlantic Seaboard fall line]]
 +******* [[Piedmont (United States)|Piedmont]]
 +***** [[Great Basin]]
 + 
 +* ''by geology:''
 +** [[Canadian Shield]]
 +** [[North American craton]]
 +** [[Slave craton]]
 +** [[Superior craton]]
 +** [[Wyoming craton]]
 +* ''by economics:''
 +** [[Caribbean Community|Caribbean Community (CARICOM)]]
 +** [[Central America Free Trade Agreement|Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA)]]
 +** [[Mesoamerican region]]
 +** [[North American Free Trade Agreement|North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)]]
 +** [[Petrocaribe]]
 + 
 +==== [[South America]] ====
 +* ''by geography:''
 +** [[Altiplano]]
 +** [[Amazon Basin]]
 +** [[Andean states]]
 +** [[Andes]]
 +** [[Brazilian Highlands]]
 +** [[Caribbean South America]]
 +** [[Gran Chaco]]
 +** [[The Guianas|Guianan states]]
 +** Northern South America
 +** [[Pampa]]
 +** [[Pantanal]]
 +** [[Patagonia]]
 +** [[Southern Cone]]
 +* ''by economics:''
 +** [[Andean Community]]
 +** [[Mercosur]]
 +** [[Union of South American Nations]]
 +* ''by geology:''
 +** [[Guiana Shield]]
 + 
 +=== [[Antarctica]] ===
 +* ''by the United Nations Statistics Division's subregions:''
 +** [[Antarctica]]
 +* ''by geography:''
 +** [[Antarctica]]
 +*** [[Bouvet Island]]
 +*** [[French Southern and Antarctic Lands]]
 +*** [[Heard Island and McDonald Islands]]
 +*** [[Peter I Island]]
 +*** [[South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands]]
 +*** [[South Orkney Islands]]
 +*** [[South Shetland Islands]]
 + 
 +=== [[Oceania]] ===
 +* ''by the United Nations Statistics Division's subregions (see also: [[United Nations geoscheme for Oceania|UN geoscheme for Oceania]]):''
 +** [[Australia]] and [[New Zealand]] – the UN includes [[Elizabeth Reef|Elizabeth]] and [[Middleton Reef]]s, [[Lord Howe Island|Lord Howe Island Group]] and [[Norfolk Island]] in this subregion
 +** [[Melanesia]] – the UN includes [[New Caledonia]] and [[New Guinea]] in this subregion
 +** [[Micronesia]]
 +** [[Polynesia]]
 +* ''by geography:''
 +** [[Australasia]]
 +*** [[Australia (continent)]]
 +**** [[Australia]]
 +***** [[Ashmore and Cartier Islands]]
 +***** [[Australian Capital Territory]]
 +***** [[Christmas Island]]
 +***** [[Cocos (Keeling) Islands]]
 +***** [[Coral Sea Islands|Coral Sea Islands Territory]] (excluding [[Elizabeth Reef|Elizabeth]] and [[Middleton Reef]]s)
 +***** [[Jervis Bay Territory]]
 +***** [[New South Wales]] (excluding [[Lord Howe Island|Lord Howe Island Group]])
 +***** [[Northern Territory]]
 +***** [[Queensland]]
 +***** [[South Australia]]
 +***** [[Tasmania]]
 +***** [[Victoria (Australia)|Victoria]]
 +***** [[Western Australia]]
 +**** [[New Guinea]]
 +***** [[Papua New Guinea]]
 +***** [[Western New Guinea]]
 +****** [[Papua (province)|Papua]]
 +****** [[West Papua (province)|West Papua]]
 +*** [[Zealandia]]
 +**** [[Elizabeth Reef|Elizabeth]] and [[Middleton Reef]]s
 +**** [[Lord Howe Island|Lord Howe Island Group]]
 +**** [[New Caledonia]]
 +**** [[New Zealand]]
 +**** [[Norfolk Island]]
 +** [[Pacific Islands]]
 +*** [[Melanesia]]
 +*** [[Micronesia]]
 +*** [[Polynesia]]
 +* ''by geology (see also: [[Geology of Australia]]):''
 +** [[Archean|Archaean]]
 +** [[Australian Shield]]
 +** [[Centralian Superbasin]]
 +** [[Gawler craton]]
 +** [[Narryer gneiss]]
 +** [[Ore genesis]]
 +** [[Perth Basin]]
 +** [[Pilbara craton]]
 +** [[Western Plateau]]
 +** [[Yilgarn Craton|Yilgarn craton]]
 + 
 +== See also ==
 +* [[Autonomous area#Autonomous region|Autonomous region]]
 +* [[Committee of the Regions]]
 +* [[Continent]]
 +* [[Continental fragment]]
 +* [[Euroregion]]
 +* [[Latin names of regions]]
 +* [[Military district]]
 +* [[Polar region]]
 +* [[Region]]
 +* [[Regional district]]
 +* [[Regional municipality]]
 +* [[Subcontinent]]
 +* [[Submerged continents]]
 +* [[Supercontinent]]
 +* [[United Nations geoscheme]]
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

A subregion is a part of a larger region or continent and is usually based on location. Cardinal directions, such as south or southern, are commonly used to define a subregion.

Contents

United Nations subregions

The Statistics Division of the United Nations (UN) is in charge of the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistical information for the UN. In 1999, it developed a system of macro-geographical (continental) regions, subregions, and other selected economic groups to report advances towards achieving numerous millennial development goals worldwide. These statistical divisions were devised for statistical purposes and is used for carrying out statistical analysis. The division's first publication was the book World's Women 2000: Trends and Statistics in 2000.

According to the UN, the assignment of countries or areas to specific groupings is for statistical convenience and does not imply any assumption regarding political or other affiliation of countries or territories.

Subregions by continent

The following is a non-exhaustive list of subregions, arranged alphabetically by region (i.e., by continent); in the UN geoscheme, higher-level, macro-geographical regions are arranged to the extent possible according to continents.

Afro-Eurasia

Africa

Eurasia

Asia
Europe

Americas

Template:See also

North America

South America

Antarctica

Oceania

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Subregion" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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