Social facilitation  

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The audience effect is the impact that a passive audience has on a subject performing a task. It was first formally noted in various psychology studies in the early 20th century. During some studies the presence of a passive audience facilitated the better performance of a simple task; while in other studies the presence of a passive audience inhibited the performance of a more difficult task.

In 1965, Robert Zajonc proposed Drive theory as an explanation of the audience effect.

See also

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