Simile  

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-In literary use, a metaphor (from the [[Greek language|Greek]]: ''metapherin'' [[rhetoric]]al [[trope]]) is defined as an indirect [[comparison]] between two or more seemingly [[unrelated]] subjects that typically uses "is a" to join the first subjects for example: "The moon is a ghostly galleon". A metaphor is commonly confused with a [[simile]], which compares two subjects using "like" or "as". An example of a simile: "Her hair looked like a dish mop." In the simplest case, a metaphor takes the form: "The ''[first subject]'' is a ''[second subject]''." More generally, a metaphor casts a first subject as ''being'' or ''equal to'' a second subject in some way. Thus, the first subject can be economically described because implicit and explicit attributes from the second subject are used to enhance the description of the first. This device is known for usage in [[literature]], especially in [[poetry]], where with few words, emotions and associations from one context are associated with objects and entities in a different context.+A '''simile''' is a technique that uses words such as "like" or "as" to compare two ideas. Even though similes and [[metaphors]] are both forms of comparison, similes allow the two ideas to remain distinct in spite of their similarities, whereas metaphors seek to equate two ideas despite their differences. For instance, a simile that compares a person with a bullet would go as follows: "John was a record-setting runner and as fast as a speeding bullet." A metaphor might read something like, "John was a record-setting runner. That speeding bullet could zip past you without you even knowing he was there."
-Within rhetorical theory, metaphor is generally considered to be a direct equation of terms that is more forceful and assertive than an [[analogy]], although the two types of tropes are highly similar and often confused. One distinguishing characteristic is that the assertiveness of a metaphor calls into question the underlying [[categorization|category]] structure, whereas in a rhetorical analogy the comparative differences between the categories remain salient and acknowledged. Similarly, metaphors can be distinguished from other closely related rhetorical concepts such as [[metonymy]], [[synecdoche]], [[simile]], [[allegory]] and [[parable]].+A [[mnemonic]] for a simile is that "a simile is similar or alike."
-The metaphor is sometimes further analyzed in terms of the '''ground''' and the '''tension'''. The ground consists of the similarities between the tenor and the vehicle. The tension of the metaphor consists of the dissimilarities between the tenor and the vehicle. In the above example, the ground begins to be elucidated from the third line: "They have their exits and their entrances." In the play, Shakespeare continues this metaphor for another twenty lines beyond what is shown here — making it a good example of an ''extended metaphor''.+Similes have been widely used in literature for their expressiveness as a figure of speech:
 +* Curley was flopping like a fish on a line.
 +* The very mist on the Essex marshes was like a gauzy and radiant fabric.
 +* Why, man, he doth bestride the narrow world like a [[Colossus]].
 +==Etymology==
-The corresponding terms to 'tenor' and 'vehicle' in the nomenclature of [[George Lakoff]] (and collaborators such as [[Mark Johnson (professor) |Mark Johnson]] and [[Mark Turner (cognitive scientist)|Mark Turner]]) are '''target''' and '''source'''. However, Lakoff and collaborators view metaphor as a concept that is pervasive in our thoughts, not just in language (''Metaphors We Live By'', 1980, p. 1; ''More Than Cool Reason'', 1989, p. 2). Because metaphors are systematic thought structures in conceptual metaphor theory, they say that metaphor is the interaction between a target domain and a source domain — an interaction of schemas or concepts, rather than an interaction of two words. In this nomenclature, conceptual metaphors are named using the convention "target domain '''IS''' source domain"; in this notation, the metaphor discussed above would state that "LIFE IS A PLAY". As well as being the conceptual metaphor behind the example above, we also use this conceptual metaphor in sayings like, "It's curtains for him," "She's my leading lady," and "She always wants to be in the spotlight" (Lakoff and Turner, 1989, p. 20). This article primarily views metaphor in terms of its literary usage, rather than its cognitive linguistic usage.+First attested 1393, from Latin ''simile'' ("comparison, likeness", "parallel"), originally from ''simile'' the neuter form of ''similis'' ("like, similar, resembling"). Confer the English ''similar''.
-[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/{{PAGENAMEE}}] [May 2007]+ 
 +==See also==
 +* [[Analogy]]
 +* [[Description]]
 +* [[Metaphor]]
 +* [[Hypocatastasis]]
 +* [[Figure of speech]]
 +{{GFDL}}

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A simile is a technique that uses words such as "like" or "as" to compare two ideas. Even though similes and metaphors are both forms of comparison, similes allow the two ideas to remain distinct in spite of their similarities, whereas metaphors seek to equate two ideas despite their differences. For instance, a simile that compares a person with a bullet would go as follows: "John was a record-setting runner and as fast as a speeding bullet." A metaphor might read something like, "John was a record-setting runner. That speeding bullet could zip past you without you even knowing he was there."

A mnemonic for a simile is that "a simile is similar or alike."

Similes have been widely used in literature for their expressiveness as a figure of speech:

  • Curley was flopping like a fish on a line.
  • The very mist on the Essex marshes was like a gauzy and radiant fabric.
  • Why, man, he doth bestride the narrow world like a Colossus.

Etymology

First attested 1393, from Latin simile ("comparison, likeness", "parallel"), originally from simile the neuter form of similis ("like, similar, resembling"). Confer the English similar.

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Simile" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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