Seljuk Empire  

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-The '''Holy Land''' is a term which in [[Judaism]] refers to the [[Land of Israel]] (also known as [[Palestine]]). The term is also used by Muslims and Christians to refer to the area between the [[Jordan River]] and [[Mediterranean Sea]].+The '''Seljuk Empire''' was a [[medieval]] [[Turko-Persian tradition|Turko-Persian]] [[Sunni Islam|Sunni Muslim]] [[empire]], originating from the [[Kınık (tribe)|Qiniq]] branch of [[Oghuz Turks]].
-Part of the significance of the land stems from the [[religious significance of Jerusalem]], the holiest city to [[Judaism]], the assumed place of [[Ministry of Jesus|Jesus's ministry]], and the [[Isra and Mi'raj]] event in [[Islam]]. The perceived holiness of the land to Christianity was one of the motivational factors behind the efforts of the [[Crusades]], which sought to win the Holy Land back from the Muslim [[Great Seljuq Empire|Suljuq]] Turks that had conquered it from the Muslim [[Arabs]], who had in turn conquered it from the Christian [[Byzantine Empire]].+The Seljuk Empire controlled a vast area stretching from the [[Hindu Kush]] to western [[Anatolia]] and the [[Levant]], and from [[Central Asia]] to the [[Persian Gulf]]. The Seljuk empire was founded by [[Tughril Beg]] (1016–1063) in 1037. From their homelands near the [[Aral Sea]], the Seljuks advanced first into [[Greater Khorasan|Khorasan]] and then into mainland [[Persia]], before eventually conquering eastern Anatolia. Here the Seljuks won the [[battle of Manzikert]] in 1071 and conquered most of Anatolia from the [[Byzantine Empire]], which became one of the reasons for the [[first crusade]] (1095-1099). From c. 1150-1250, the Seljuk empire declined, and was around 1260 invaded by the [[Mongol Empire|Mongols]]. The Mongols divided Anatolia into [[emirate]]s. Eventually one of these, the [[Ottoman Empire|Ottoman]], would conquer the rest.
-Many sites in the Holy Land have long been [[pilgrimage]] destinations for adherents of the [[Abrahamic religions]], including Jews, Christians, Muslims, and [[Bahá'ís]]. [[Pilgrim]]s visit the Holy Land to touch and see physical manifestations of their [[faith]], confirm their beliefs in the holy context with collective excitation, and connect personally to the Holy Land.+Seljuk gave his name to both the Seljuk empire and the [[Seljuk dynasty]]. The Seljuks united the fractured political scene of the eastern [[Islamic world]] and played a key role in the first and [[Second Crusade|second]] crusades.
- +== See also ==
-==See also==+* [[Artuqid]]
-* [[Abrahamic religion]]+* [[Assassins]]
-* [[Archaeological sites in Israel]]+* [[Atabeg]]
-* [[History of the Jews in the Land of Israel]]+* [[Anatolian Seljuks family tree]]
-* [[Holiest sites in Islam (disambiguation)|Holiest sites in Islam]]+* [[Danishmend]]
-* [[Holy places]]+* [[Ghaznavids|Ghaznavid Empire]]
-* [[List of Christian holy sites in the Holy Land]]+* [[Rahat al-sudur]]
-* [[List of significant religious sites]]+* [[Seljuq architecture]]
-* [[Laws and customs of the Land of Israel in Judaism]]+* [[Seljuq dynasty]]
-* [[Religious significance of Jerusalem#In Islam|Religious significance of Jerusalem in Islam]]+* [[Sultanate of Rûm]]
 +* [[History of the Turks (disambiguation)|History of the Turks]]
 +* [[List of Turkic dynasties and countries]]
 +* [[Timeline of the Sultanate of Rûm]]
 +* [[Timeline of the Turks (500–1300)]]
 +* [[:de:Seldschuken-Fürsten|Seldschuken-Fürsten]], list of Seljuq rulers in the German Wikipedia
 +* [[Turkic migrations]]
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The Seljuk Empire was a medieval Turko-Persian Sunni Muslim empire, originating from the Qiniq branch of Oghuz Turks.

The Seljuk Empire controlled a vast area stretching from the Hindu Kush to western Anatolia and the Levant, and from Central Asia to the Persian Gulf. The Seljuk empire was founded by Tughril Beg (1016–1063) in 1037. From their homelands near the Aral Sea, the Seljuks advanced first into Khorasan and then into mainland Persia, before eventually conquering eastern Anatolia. Here the Seljuks won the battle of Manzikert in 1071 and conquered most of Anatolia from the Byzantine Empire, which became one of the reasons for the first crusade (1095-1099). From c. 1150-1250, the Seljuk empire declined, and was around 1260 invaded by the Mongols. The Mongols divided Anatolia into emirates. Eventually one of these, the Ottoman, would conquer the rest.

Seljuk gave his name to both the Seljuk empire and the Seljuk dynasty. The Seljuks united the fractured political scene of the eastern Islamic world and played a key role in the first and second crusades.

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Seljuk Empire" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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