Scotland  

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 +"[[Scotland]] has an extremely strong tradition in [[philosophy]] (especially for such a small country). [[Duns Scotus]] was one of the premier Medieval [[scholastics]]. In the [[Scottish Enlightenment]] Edinburgh became the home for an astonishing amount of intellectual talent, including [[Francis Hutcheson (philosopher)|Francis Hutcheson]], [[David Hume]], and [[Adam Smith]]. However other cities also produced major thinkers at this time: [[Aberdeen]] for example, produced [[Thomas Reid]]. While the Scottish contribution in the 19th and 20th centuries has not been quite so impressive, there has been a steady stream of major philosophers." --Sholem Stein
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 +[[No true Scotman...]]
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-==1950s to the present==+A country in northwest [[Europe]] to the north of [[England]] and forming part of the [[United Kingdom]].
-New writers of the postwar years displayed a new outwardness. Both [[Alexander Trocchi]] in the 1950s and [[Kenneth White (poet)|Kenneth White]] in the 1960s left Scotland to live and work in France. [[Edwin Morgan]] became known for translations of works from a wide range of European languages. +== See also ==
- +*[[Scottish Enlightenment]]
-Edwin Morgan is the current [[Scots Makar]] (the officially-appointed [[national poet]], equivalent to a Scottish [[poet laureate]]) and also produces translations of world literature. His poetry covers the current and the controversial, ranging over political issues, and academic debates.+*[[Scottish literature]]
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-One notable phenomenon has been [[Tartan Noir]], although the authenticity of the genre has been disputed. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/arts/main.jhtml?xml=/arts/2006/08/27/bomcil.xml]+
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-The tradition of fantastical fiction is continued by [[Alasdair Gray]], whose ''[[Lanark (book)|Lanark]]'' has become a [[cult classic]] since its publication in 1981. The 1980s also brought attention to writers capturing the urban experience and speech patterns - notably [[James Kelman]] and [[Jeff Torrington]]. +
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-The works of [[Irvine Welsh]], most famously ''[[Trainspotting (novel)|Trainspotting]]'', are written in a distinctly [[Scottish English]], and reflect the underbelly of contemporary Scottish culture. Other commercial writers, [[Iain Banks]] and [[Ian Rankin]] have also achieved international recognition for their work, and, like Welsh, have had their work adapted for [[film]] or [[television]].+
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-[[Alexander McCall Smith]], [[Alan Warner]], and [[Glasgow]]-based novelist [[Suhayl Saadi]], whose short story [http://www.laurahird.com/showcase/suhayl.html "Extra Time"] is in [[Glasgow patter|Glaswegian Scots]], have made significant literary contributions in the 21st century.+
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-Scottish Gaelic literature is currently experiencing a revival in print, with the publishing of ''[[An Leabhar Mòr]]'' and the Ùr Sgeul series, which encouraged new authors of poetry and fiction.+
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-The Scottish literature canon has in recent years opened up to the idea of including women authors, encouraging a revisiting of Scottish women's work from past and present.+
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-In recent years the publishing house [[Canongate Books]] has become increasingly successful, publishing Scottish literature from all eras, and encouraging new literature.+
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"Scotland has an extremely strong tradition in philosophy (especially for such a small country). Duns Scotus was one of the premier Medieval scholastics. In the Scottish Enlightenment Edinburgh became the home for an astonishing amount of intellectual talent, including Francis Hutcheson, David Hume, and Adam Smith. However other cities also produced major thinkers at this time: Aberdeen for example, produced Thomas Reid. While the Scottish contribution in the 19th and 20th centuries has not been quite so impressive, there has been a steady stream of major philosophers." --Sholem Stein


No true Scotman...

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A country in northwest Europe to the north of England and forming part of the United Kingdom.

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