Reactionary modernism  

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-The '''Californian Ideology''' is a set of beliefs combining [[bohemianism|bohemian]] and [[anti-authoritarian]] attitudes from the [[counterculture of the 1960s]] with [[techno-utopianism]] and support for [[neoliberal]] economic policies. These beliefs are thought by some to have been characteristic of the culture of the [[information technology|IT]] industry in [[Silicon Valley]] and the [[West Coast of the United States]] during the [[dot-com bubble]] of the 1990s. [[Adam Curtis]] connects it to [[Ayn Rand]]'s [[Objectivism (Ayn Rand)|Objectivist]] philosophies. 
-[[Richard Barbrook]] and Andy Cameron coined the phrase ''Californian Ideology'' in their 1995 essay [http://www.hrc.wmin.ac.uk/theory-californianideology-main.html ''The Californian Ideology''].+"'''Reactionary modernism'''" is a term first coined by [[Jeffrey Herf]] in his 1984 book, ''Reactionary Modernism: Technology, Culture and Politics in Weimar and the Third Reich'', to describe the mixture of "great enthusiasm for modern [[technology]] with a rejection of the [[Age of Enlightenment|Enlightenment]] and the values and institutions of [[liberal democracy]]" which was characteristic of the German [[Conservative Revolutionary movement]] and [[Nazism]]. In turn, this ideology of reactionary [[modernism]] was closely linked to the original, positive view of the ''[[Sonderweg]]'', which saw Germany as the great Central European power neither of the West nor of the East.
-==See also==+Herf's application of the term to describe [[fascism]] has been widely echoed by other scholars. Herf had used the term to denote a trend in intellectual thought during the era, what German novelist [[Thomas Mann]] had described as "a highly technological romanticism" during the interwar years. Herf used the term in reference to a wide range of German cultural figures, including [[Ernst Jünger]], [[Oswald Spengler]], [[Carl Schmitt]], and [[Hans Freyer]].
-* [[Cyberdelic]]+
-* [[Reactionary modernism]]+
-* [[Wired (magazine)|Wired Magazine]], a publication described by Barbrook and Cameron as a proponent of the Californian Ideology.+
-* First published in Mute magazine volume I issue 3+
 +==See also==
 +*[[Fascism]]
 +*[[Ba'athism]]
 +*[[Dark Enlightenment]]
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

"Reactionary modernism" is a term first coined by Jeffrey Herf in his 1984 book, Reactionary Modernism: Technology, Culture and Politics in Weimar and the Third Reich, to describe the mixture of "great enthusiasm for modern technology with a rejection of the Enlightenment and the values and institutions of liberal democracy" which was characteristic of the German Conservative Revolutionary movement and Nazism. In turn, this ideology of reactionary modernism was closely linked to the original, positive view of the Sonderweg, which saw Germany as the great Central European power neither of the West nor of the East.

Herf's application of the term to describe fascism has been widely echoed by other scholars. Herf had used the term to denote a trend in intellectual thought during the era, what German novelist Thomas Mann had described as "a highly technological romanticism" during the interwar years. Herf used the term in reference to a wide range of German cultural figures, including Ernst Jünger, Oswald Spengler, Carl Schmitt, and Hans Freyer.

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Reactionary modernism" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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