Providentialism  

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-:"Nietzsche, despising Darwin as a dull grubber" --''[[Egoists: A Book of Supermen]]''+'''Providentialism''' is a belief that [[God]]'s will is evident in all occurrences. It can further be described as a belief that the power of God (or [[Divine Providence|Providence]]) is so complete that humans cannot equal his abilities, or fully understand his plan. Another aspect of providentialism is the belief that God's plan is beyond the control of humans, and that sometimes this may be expressed in seemingly bad things happening to good people. It may further be understood as a belief that all that occurs is for the greater good.
- +
-[[Nietzsche]] early learned of [[Darwinism]] through [[Friedrich Albert Lange]].+Providentialism was frequently featured in discussions in European circles seeking to justify [[imperialism]] in the 19th century, on the grounds that the suffering caused by European conquest was justified under the grounds of furthering God's plan and spreading [[Christianity]] to distant nations.
- +
-He later frequently criticizes [[Darwin]] as naive and derivative of [[Hobbes]] and early English economists and without an account of life from the "inside" (and consider in this light Darwin's own introduction to the first edition of ''[[On the Origin of Species]]'') (consider also Nietzsche's critique to the effect that Darwinism, as typically understood, is trading in a new version of the [[Providential]] in ''[[Human, all too Human]]''): +
- +
-<blockquote>"Wherever [[social progress|progress]] is to ensue, deviating natures are of greatest importance. Every progress of the whole must be preceded by a partial weakening. The strongest natures retain the type, the weaker ones help to advance it. Something similar also happens in the individual. There is rarely a degeneration, a truncation, or even a vice or any physical or "moral" loss without an advantage somewhere else. In a warlike and restless clan, for example, the sicklier man may have occasion to be alone, and may therefore become quieter and wiser; the one-eyed man will have one eye the stronger; the blind man may see deeper inwardly, and certainly hear better. To this extent, the famous theory of the [[survival of the fittest]] does not seem to be the only viewpoint from which to explain the progress of strengthening of a man or of a race."+
-</blockquote> +
-==See also==+
-*[[Social Darwinism]]+
-*[[Anti-Darwinism]]+
-*''[[Nietzsche's Anti-Darwinism]]'' by Dirk R. Johnson+
-*See ''[[Twilight of the Idols]]'' for more of [[Nietzsche's critique of Darwin]]+
 +==Quiverfull movement==
 +Providentialism is also a term sometimes used to er to the general [[philosophy]] of [[Quiverfull]] adherents. Quiverfull is a small movement among conservative [[evangelical Christians]]. Advocates oppose the general acceptance among [[Protestant]] Christians of deliberately limiting family size through use of [[birth control]]. Advocates believe God controls via providence how many children are conceived and born, pointing to Bible verses that describe God acting to "open and close the womb". Continual "openness to children", to [[conception (biology)|conception]] during routine [[sexual intercourse]], irrespective of timing of the month during the [[ovulation]] cycle, is considered by Quiverfull adherents as part of their Christian calling in submission to the lordship of Christ.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Providentialism is a belief that God's will is evident in all occurrences. It can further be described as a belief that the power of God (or Providence) is so complete that humans cannot equal his abilities, or fully understand his plan. Another aspect of providentialism is the belief that God's plan is beyond the control of humans, and that sometimes this may be expressed in seemingly bad things happening to good people. It may further be understood as a belief that all that occurs is for the greater good.

Providentialism was frequently featured in discussions in European circles seeking to justify imperialism in the 19th century, on the grounds that the suffering caused by European conquest was justified under the grounds of furthering God's plan and spreading Christianity to distant nations.

Quiverfull movement

Providentialism is also a term sometimes used to er to the general philosophy of Quiverfull adherents. Quiverfull is a small movement among conservative evangelical Christians. Advocates oppose the general acceptance among Protestant Christians of deliberately limiting family size through use of birth control. Advocates believe God controls via providence how many children are conceived and born, pointing to Bible verses that describe God acting to "open and close the womb". Continual "openness to children", to conception during routine sexual intercourse, irrespective of timing of the month during the ovulation cycle, is considered by Quiverfull adherents as part of their Christian calling in submission to the lordship of Christ.



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