Príncipe Pío (hill)  

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 +[[Image:Francisco de Goya y Lucientes 023.jpg|thumb|200px|''[[The Third of May 1808]]'' ([[1814]]) by [[Francisco de Goya]]]]
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-==Events==+'''La montaña del Príncipe Pío''' is the name of a hill in the western part of [[Madrid]], [[Spain]].
-*[[1494]] – [[Christopher Columbus]] first sights land that will be called [[Jamaica]].+
-*[[1808]] – [[Peninsular War]]: The [[Madrid]] rebels who rose up on [[May 2]] are fired upon near [[Príncipe Pío]] hill.+
-*[[1915]] – The poem ''[[In Flanders Fields]]'' is written by Lieutenant Colonel [[John McCrae]].+
-*[[1916]] – The leaders of the [[Easter Rising]] are executed in [[Dublin]].+
-*[[1928]] – [[Japan]]ese atrocities in [[Jinan Incident|Jinan]], [[China]].+
-*[[1937]] – ''[[Gone with the Wind]]'', a [[novel]] by [[Margaret Mitchell]], wins the [[Pulitzer Prize for Fiction]].+
-*[[1938]] - Hitler arrives in Rome to sign an alliance with Mussolini, the chance meeting between two fictional characters in ''[[Un Giornata Particolare]]'' takes place on [[May 8]].+
-*[[1938]] - [[American cinema]], [[United States v. Paramount Pictures, Inc.]] ruled in the United States.+
-*[[1960]] – The [[Off-Broadway]] [[musical comedy]], ''[[The Fantasticks]]'', opens in [[New York City]]'s [[Greenwich Village]], eventually becoming the longest-running [[musical theatre|musical]] of all time.+
-*[[1968]] - ''[[The First International Exhibition of Erotic Art]]'' opens in [[Lund]], Sweden.+
-*[[1978]] – The first unsolicited bulk commercial [[e-mail]] (which would later become known as "[[Spam (electronic)|spam]]") is sent by a [[Digital Equipment Corporation]] marketing representative to every [[ARPANET]] address on the west coast of the United States.+
-*[[2003]] – [[New Hampshire]]'s famous [[Old Man of the Mountain]] collapses.+
-==Births==+It is named after the prince [[Pius of Savoy]], who owned property there.
-*[[1469]] – [[Niccolò Machiavelli]], Italian historian and political author (d. 1527)+Later, barracks (''Cuartel de la Montaña'') were constructed there.
-*[[1877]] – [[Karl Abraham]], German psychoanalyst (d. 1925)+The Madrilene rebels who [[Dos de Mayo Uprising|fought the Napoleonic invaders on 2 May]] [[1808]] were [[death by firing squad|executed]] there on the morning of [[3 May]], as painted by [[Francisco de Goya]].
-*[[1903]] – [[Bing Crosby]], American singer and actor (d. 1977)+
-*[[1906]] – [[Mary Astor]], [[Academy Award]]-winning American actress (d. 1987)+
-*[[1919]] – [[Pete Seeger]], American singer+
-*[[1933]] – [[James Brown]], American singer and dancer (d. 2006)+
-*[[1934]] – [[Georges Moustaki]], Egyptian born Greek-French singer and songwriter+
-* 1934 – [[Frankie Valli]], American singer ([[The Four Seasons (group)|The Four Seasons]])+
-*[[1940]] – [[Conny Plank|Konrad "Conny" Plank]], German record producer and musician+
-*[[1959]] – [[David Ball (musician)|David Ball]], English musician ([[Soft Cell]])+
-*[[1965]] – [[Rob Brydon]], Welsh comedian+
-==Deaths==+Around the 1960s, the barracks were demolished to make room for the [[Parque del Oeste]] ("West Park"). The former location of the Barracks is now the site of the [[Temple of Debod]], a [[Egyptian temple|Nubian temple]] given by the Egyptian government to Spain in gratitude for Spanish help in saving antiquities during the building of the [[Aswan Dam]].
-*[[1481]] – [[Mehmed II]], [[Ottoman Sultan]] (b. 1432)+
-*[[1616]] – [[William Shakespeare]], English writer and actor (b. 1564) (his death is commonly accepted to be on [[April 23#Deaths|April 23]], according to the [[Julian calendar]])+
-*[[1987]] – [[Dalida]], French singer (b. 1933)+
-*[[1989]] – [[Christine Jorgensen]], American transsexual (b. 1926)+
-*[[1991]] – [[Jerzy Kosiński]], Polish-born writer (b. 1933)+
-*[[2006]] – [[Karel Appel]], Dutch painter (b. 1921)+
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La montaña del Príncipe Pío is the name of a hill in the western part of Madrid, Spain.

It is named after the prince Pius of Savoy, who owned property there. Later, barracks (Cuartel de la Montaña) were constructed there. The Madrilene rebels who fought the Napoleonic invaders on 2 May 1808 were executed there on the morning of 3 May, as painted by Francisco de Goya.

Around the 1960s, the barracks were demolished to make room for the Parque del Oeste ("West Park"). The former location of the Barracks is now the site of the Temple of Debod, a Nubian temple given by the Egyptian government to Spain in gratitude for Spanish help in saving antiquities during the building of the Aswan Dam.




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Príncipe Pío (hill)" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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