Pet Sounds  

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-:''[[1960s]], [[1960s subcultures]], [[Music of North American counterculture]]''+'''''Pet Sounds''''' is the eleventh studio album by the American [[Rock music|rock]] band [[The Beach Boys]], released May 16, 1966 on [[Capitol Records]]. It has been widely ranked as one of the most influential records ever released in western pop music and has been ranked at number #1 in several music magazines' lists of greatest albums of all time, including ''[[New Musical Express]]'', ''[[The Times]]'', [[Mojo (magazine)|''Mojo'' Magazine]], and ''[[Pure Pop]]''.
-== Popular music ==+
- +
-:''[[popular music]]''+
-Popular music in the [[1960s]] entered an era of "all hits", as numerous artists released recordings, beginning in the [[1950s]], as [[phonograph record|45-rpm]] "singles" (with another on the [[B-side|flip side]]), and [[radio station]]s tended to play only the most popular of the wide variety of records being made. Also, bands tended to record only the best of their songs as a chance to become a hit record. The developments of the ''[[Motown Sound]]'', ''"[[folk rock]]"'' and the ''[[British Invasion]]'' of bands from the [[U.K.]] ([[The Beatles]] and [[The Rolling Stones]]) [[British Invasion|and so on]]), are major examples of American listeners expanding from the [[folksinger]], [[doo-wop]] and [[saxophone]] sounds of the [[1950s]] and evolving to include [[psychedelic music]].+
-===The rise of counterculture===+
- +
-:''[[music of the counterculture]], [[summer of love]]''+
-The rise of the [[counterculture]], particularly among the youth, created a huge market for [[Rock and roll|rock]], [[soul (music)|soul]], [[pop music|pop]] and [[blues]] music produced by drug-culture, influenced bands such as [[The Beatles]], [[The Doors]], [[The Rolling Stones]], [[Led Zeppelin]], [[Cream (band)|Cream]], [[The Grateful Dead]], [[Jefferson Airplane]], [[Janis Joplin]], [[The Who]], [[Sly and the Family Stone]], [[Jimi Hendrix Experience]], and [[The Incredible String Band]], also for radical music in the [[folk music|folk]] tradition pioneered by [[Bob Dylan]], [[The Mamas and the Papas]], and [[Joan Baez]] in the United States, and in England, [[Donovan]] was helping to create folk rock.+
-===Concept albums in rock music===+
-:''[[concept album]]''+
-In 1966, several [[rock music]] releases were arguably concept albums in the sense that they presented a set of thematically-linked songs - and they also instigated other rock artists to consider using the album format in a similar fashion: The Beach Boys' ''[[Pet Sounds]]'' was a masterful musical portrayal of [[Brian Wilson]]'s state of mind at the time (and a major inspiration to [[Paul McCartney]]). Although it has a unified theme in its emotional content, the writers (Brian Wilson and Tony Asher) have said continuously that it was not necessarily intended to be a narrative. However, later in 1966, Brian Wilson had begun work on the ''[[Smile (Beach Boys album)|Smile]]'' album, which ''was'' intended as a narrative. The album was scrapped before completion, only to be revived in the 2000s. The [[Mothers of Invention]]'s sardonic farce about rock music and America as a whole, ''[[Freak Out!]]'' by [[Frank Zappa]] and ''[[Face to Face (The Kinks album)|Face to Face]]'' by [[The Kinks]], the first collection of [[Ray Davies]]'s idiosyncratic character studies of ordinary people are conceptually oriented albums. However, out of the albums above, only Pet Sounds attracted a huge commercial audience.+
- +
-This all changed with the Beatles' celebrated album ''[[Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band]]'' in June 1967. With the release of ''Sgt. Pepper'', the notion of the concept album came to the forefront of the popular and critical mind, with the earlier prototypes and examples from [[classic pop]] and other genres sometimes forgotten. The phrase entered the popular lexicon, and a "concept album" - the term became imbued with the notion of artistic purpose - was inherently considered to be more creative or worthy of attention than a mere collection of new songs. This perception of course related to the intent of the artist rather than the specific content.+
-===Musical subcultures===+
- +
-====Rude boys in Jamaica====+
-The [[rude boy]] culture originated in the ghettos of [[Jamaica]], coinciding with the popular rise of [[rocksteady]] music, dancehall celebrations and [[sound system]] dances. +
- +
-[[Mod (lifestyle)|Mods]] were obsessed with music styles such as modern jazz, rhythm and blues, soul, [[ska]], and some [[beat music]]. +
-Mods generally favoured 1960s [[rhythm and blues]], [[Soul music|soul]] and [[ska]] by [[Black people|black]] [[United States|American]] and [[Jamaica]]n musicians, although many of them also liked British R&B/[[Beat music|beat]] groups such as [[The Who]], [[The Small Faces]] and [[The Yardbirds]]. +
-====Proto disco====+
-:''[[proto disco]]''+
-By the end of the 1960s, the [[disco]] scene originated in nightclubs such as the [[Whiskey A Go Go]] and [[The Sanctuary]].+
- +
-Before the term [[disco]] was coined in around 1973, the phrase "discotheque records" was used to denote music (45s and album tracks) played in New York private rent or after hours parties like the [[Loft]] and [[Better Days]]. The records played there was a [[mixture]] of [[funk]], [[soul]] and [[European import]]s. These '''proto-disco''' records are basically the same records that [[Kool Herc]] played in the [[early hip hop]] scene.+
- +
-== Art music ==+
-:''[[art music]]''+
-*''[[Kontakte (Stockhausen)|Kontakte]]'' by Stockhausen+
-===Electronic art music===+
-:''[[electronic art music]]''+
- +
-=== Art rock ===+
-:''[[art rock]]''+
-Music critic George Graham argues that "... the so-called [[Art Rock]] scene arose" in the [[1960s]], "when many artists were attempting to broaden the boundaries of rock." He claims that art rock "was inspired by the classically-influenced arrangements and the elaborate production of the [[Beatles]] [[Sgt. Peppers]] period" and states that the "style had its heyday in the 1970s with huge commercial success by Yes, and Emerson, Lake & Palmer, and later Genesis."+
-== Overview ==+
- +
-* '''[[1969 in music]]''' - [[Death of Brian Jones]]; [[Woodstock festival|Woodstock]] music festival held in [[Bethel, New York]]; [[The Beatles]] - ''[[Let It Be]],'' [[Bob Dylan]] - ''[[Nashville Skyline]]'', The Who's [[Tommy (Album)|Tommy]] Released+
-* '''[[1968 in music]]''' - [[Van Morrison]] - ''[[Astral Weeks]],'' [[Rolling Stones]] - ''[[Beggars Banquet]],'' [[The Jimi Hendrix Experience]] - ''[[Electric Ladyland]],'' [[Led Zeppelin]] - ''[[Led Zeppelin (album)|Led Zeppelin]],'' [[The Beatles]] - ''[[The Beatles (The White Album)]],'' [[Johnny Cash]] - ''[[At Folsom Prison]],'' [[The Band]] - ''[[Music from Big Pink]]''+
-* '''[[1967 in music]]''' - [[The Beatles]] - ''[[Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (album)|Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band]],'' [[The Velvet Underground]] - ''[[The Velvet Underground & Nico]],'' [[The Jimi Hendrix Experience]] - ''[[Are You Experienced (album)|Are You Experienced]]'' & ''[[Axis: Bold as Love]],'' [[The Doors]] - ''[[The Doors]]'' (with the [[hit single]], [[Light My Fire]]), [[Bob Dylan]] - ''[[John Wesley Harding (album)|John Wesley Harding]];'' [[Monterey Pop Festival]],+
-* '''[[1966 in music]]''' - [[The Beach Boys]] - ''[[Pet Sounds]],'' [[The Beatles]] - ''[[Revolver (album)|Revolver]],'' [[Bob Dylan]] - ''[[Blonde on Blonde]]''+
-* '''[[1965 in music]]''' - [[The Beatles]] - ''[[Rubber Soul]],'' [[Bob Dylan]] - ''[[Bringing It All Back Home]]'' and ''[[Highway 61 Revisited]],'' - ''[[Like A Rolling Stone]],'' [[The Rolling Stones]] - ''[[Out of Our Heads]],'' ''[[(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction]],'' [[Herman's Hermits]] debut;'' +
-* '''[[1964 in music]]''' - Ensembles For Synthesizer, [[Bill Lear]] invents 8-track tape cartridge; [[Bob Dylan]] - ''[[The Times They Are A Changin']],'' British Invasion begins, Beatlemania invades America+
-* '''[[1963 in music]]''' - First [[Compact Cassette|cassette tapes]] made by [[Philips]], [[Bob Dylan]] - ''[[The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan]]''+
-* '''[[1962 in music]]''' - [[Love Me Do]] released as a single by the Beatles; ''[[Bob Dylan (album)|Bob Dylan]]'' is the debut album from the highly influential American artist [[Bob Dylan|of the same name]]. It was released on [[March 19]], [[1962]] on [[Columbia Records]], when Dylan was 20 years old. +
- +
-* '''[[1961 in music]]'''+
-* '''[[1960 in music]]'''+
- +
- +
-== See also ==+
-*[[Significant events in music in the 1960s]]+
-*[[Music history of the United States (1960s and 70s)]] +
-**[[Music of North American counterculture]] +
-*[[Music of the United Kingdom (1950s and 60s)]]+
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Pet Sounds is the eleventh studio album by the American rock band The Beach Boys, released May 16, 1966 on Capitol Records. It has been widely ranked as one of the most influential records ever released in western pop music and has been ranked at number #1 in several music magazines' lists of greatest albums of all time, including New Musical Express, The Times, Mojo Magazine, and Pure Pop.

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Pet Sounds" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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