October 5  

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== Art and culture == == Art and culture ==
-* [[869]] - The [[Fourth Council of Constantinople]] is convened to decide about what to do about Patriarch [[Photius]] of Constantinople. 
-*[[1143]] - The king [[Alfonso VII]] of Leon recognises [[Portugal]] as a Kingdom. 
-*[[1550]] - Foundation of [[Concepción, Chile|Concepción]], city in [[Chile]]. 
-*[[1582]] - Because of the implementation of the [[Gregorian calendar]] this day does not exist in this year in [[Italy]], [[Poland]], [[Portugal]] and [[Spain]]. 
-*[[1665]] - The [[University of Kiel]] is founded. 
-*[[1789]] - [[French Revolution]]: Women of [[Paris]] march to [[Palace of Versailles|Versailles]] in [[the March on Versailles]] to confront [[Louis XVI]] about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the [[abolition]] of [[feudalism]], demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris. 
-*[[1793]] - [[French Revolution]]: [[Christianity]] is disestablished in [[France]]. 
-*[[1864]] - The [[India]]n city of [[Kolkata|Calcutta]] is almost totally destroyed by a [[cyclone]]; 60,000 die. 
-*[[1869]] - A strong [[hurricane]] devastates the [[Bay of Fundy]] region of Maritime [[Canada]]. The storm had been predicted over a year before by a British naval officer. 
-*[[1877]] - [[Chief Joseph]] surrenders his [[Nez Perce]] band to General [[Nelson A. Miles]]. 
-*[[1886]] - City of [[Johannesburg]], [[South Africa]] founded following the discovery of gold there. 
-*[[1895]] - The first [[individual time trial]] for racing [[cyclist]]s is held on a 50-mile course north of [[London]]. 
-*[[1903]] - [[Samuel Griffith|Sir Samuel Griffith]] is appointed the first [[Chief Justice of Australia]] and [[Edmund Barton|Sir Edmund Barton]] and [[Richard O'Connor (politician)|Richard O'Connor]] are appointed as foundation justices. 
-*[[1905]] - [[Wright brothers|Wilbur Wright]] pilots [[Wright Flyer III]] in a flight of 24 miles in 39 minutes, a world record that stood until 1908. 
-*[[1910]] - [[Portugal]] overthrows its monarchy and declares itself a republic. 
-*[[1914]] - [[World War I]] first aerial combat resulting in a kill. 
-*[[1915]] - [[Bulgaria]] enters [[World War I]] as one of the [[Central Powers]]. 
-*[[1921]] - [[Baseball]]: The [[World Series]] was broadcast on the radio for the first time. 
-*[[1930]] - British [[Airship R101]] crashed in France en-route to India on its maiden voyage. 
-*[[1936]] - The [[Jarrow March]] sets off for [[London]]. 
-*[[1944]] - [[Canada|Canadian]] Air Force pilots shoot down the first [[Germany|German]] [[Jet aircraft|jet fighter]] over [[France]]. 
-*[[1945]] - [[Hollywood Black Friday]]: A six month strike by [[Hollywood]] [[set decorator]]s turns into a bloody riot at the gates of [[Warner Brothers]]' studios.  
-*[[1947]] - The first televised [[White House]] address is given by [[President of the United States|U.S. President]] [[Harry S. Truman]]. 
-*[[1949]] - [[WSAZ]], [[West Virginia|West Virginia's]] first television station, begins broadcasting in [[Huntington, West Virginia|Huntington]]. 
-*[[1953]] - The first documented recovery meeting of [[Narcotics Anonymous]] is held.  
-* 1953 - [[Earl Warren]] is sworn in as the 14th [[Chief Justice of the United States]].  
-*[[1962]] - In the UK [[The Beatles]] release their first single, "[[Love Me Do]]." 
-*[[1962]] - In The UK, the First [[James Bond]] movie, ''[[Dr. No (film)|Dr. No]]'', is released. 
-*[[1966]] - Near [[Detroit, Michigan]], there is a partial core meltdown at the Enrico Fermi demonstration nuclear breeder reactor.  
-*[[1969]] - The first episode of [[Monty Python's Flying Circus]] airs, at 9 p.m., on the [[BBC]]. 
-*[[1970]] - [[PBS]] became a [[television]] network. 
-* 1970 - [[Montreal, Quebec]]: [[United Kingdom|British]] Trade Commissioner [[James Cross]] is kidnapped by members of the [[FLQ]] terrorist group. 
-*[[1972]] - ''The Last [[The Goon Show|Goon Show]] of All'' goes to air on [[BBC Radio]], one of the most celebrated and influential programmes in the history of radio. 
-*[[1973]] - Signature of the [[European Patent Convention]] 
-*[[1974]] - [[Guildford pub bombing]] by the [[Irish Republican Army|IRA]] leaves 5 dead and 65 injured.  
-*[[1981]] - [[Raoul Wallenberg]] becomes an honorary U.S. citizen. 
-*[[1984]] - [[Marc Garneau]] becomes the first [[Canadian space program|Canadian in space]], aboard the [[Space Shuttle]] ''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''. 
-*[[1986]] - [[Israel and weapons of mass destruction|Israeli secret nuclear weapons]] were revealed. The [[United Kingdom|British]] newspaper ''[[The Sunday Times (UK)|The Sunday Times]]'' ran [[Mordechai Vanunu]]'s story on its front page under the headline: "Revealed — the secrets of Israel's nuclear arsenal." 
-*[[1988]] - The [[Chile]]an opposition coalition ''[[Coalition of Parties for Democracy|Concertación]]'' (center-left) defeat [[Augusto Pinochet]] in his re-election intentions. Next year a [[general election]] was called.  
-*[[1990]] - After one hundred and fifty years ''The Herald'' [[broadsheet]] newspaper in [[Melbourne, Australia]], is published for the last time as a separate newspaper.  
-*[[1991]] - An [[Indonesia]]n military transport crashes after takeoff from [[Jakarta]] killing 137.  
-* 1991 - The first official version of the [[Linux kernel]], version 0.02, is released. 
-*[[1999]] - The [[Ladbroke Grove rail crash]] in west [[London]] [[kills]] 31 people. 
-*[[2000]] - Mass demonstrations in [[Belgrade]] lead to resignation of [[Serbia]]n strongman [[Slobodan Milošević]]. These demonstrations are often called the [[Bulldozer Revolution]]. 
-*[[2001]] - [[Robert Stevens (photo editor)|Robert Stevens]] becomes the first victim in the [[2001 anthrax attacks]]. 
-* 2001 - [[Tom Ridge]] resigns as [[Governor of Pennsylvania]] to become [[George W. Bush|President Bush's]] [[Office of Homeland Security|Homeland Security Advisor]]. 
==Births== ==Births==

Revision as of 16:42, 4 October 2007

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel


Art and culture




  • Neil Postman
  1. Denis Diderot
  2. Jean Vigo
  3. Sylvia Beach
  4. Al Hansen
  5. Clive Barker
  6. Woodrow Parfrey
  7. Peter Ackroyd
  8. Ben Barenholtz
  9. John Addington Symonds
  10. Joachim Patinir
  11. Laura Gemser
  • Jan Lenica
  • Auguste and Louis Lumière
  • Jacques Offenbach
  • Monty Python

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