New York Society for the Suppression of Vice  

From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
Revision as of 20:42, 1 April 2008
Jahsonic (Talk | contribs)

← Previous diff
Current revision
Jahsonic (Talk | contribs)

Line 1: Line 1:
{{Template}} {{Template}}
-The '''''New York Society for the Suppression of Vice''''' (NYSSV or SSV) was founded in [[1873]] by [[Anthony Comstock]] and his supporters in the [[Young Men's Christian Association]]. Comstock was succeeded by [[John Sumner (censor) | John Sumner]]. 
-It was an institution dedicated to supervising the [[morality]] of the public.+The '''New York Society for the Suppression of Vice''' (NYSSV or SSV) was an institution dedicated to supervising the [[public morality|morality of the public]], founded in 1873. Its specific mission was to monitor compliance with state laws and work with the courts and district attorneys in bringing offenders to justice. It and its members also pushed for additional [[Comstock laws|laws]] against perceived immoral conduct. While the NYSSV is better remembered for its opposition to literary works, it also closely monitored the newsstands, commonly found on city sidewalks and in transportation terminals, which sold the popular newspapers and periodicals of the day.
- +
-In [[1919]] it failed in its effort to suppress the fantasy novel ''[[Jurgen, A Comedy of Justice]]'' by [[James Branch Cabell]] and ended up giving it considerable publicity and boosting its sales. +
- +
-In [[1920]] after the magazine [[The Little Review]] serialized a passage of the book ''[[Ulysses (novel)|Ulysses]]'' dealing with the main character masturbating, the New York Society for the Suppression of Vice, who objected to the book's content, took action to attempt to keep the book out of the United States. At a trial in [[1921]] the magazine was declared obscene and as a result ''Ulysses'' was banned in the United States.+
 +The NYSSV was founded by [[Anthony Comstock]] and his supporters in the [[Young Men's Christian Association]]. It was chartered by the New York state legislature, which granted its agents powers of search, seizure and arrest, and awarded the society 50% of all fines levied in resulting cases. After his death in 1915, Comstock was succeeded by [[John S. Sumner]]. In 1947, the organization's name was changed to the Society to Maintain Public Decency. After Sumner's retirement in 1950, the organization was dissolved. The New York Society for the Suppression of Vice is not to be confused with its namesake, the earlier, 19th-century [[Society for the Suppression of Vice]].
 +__notoc__
 +==Actions pursued by the NYSSV==
 +*1900: Encouraged authorities to arrest [[Olga Nethersole]] and others for "violating public decency" in [[Clyde Fitch]]'s [[Broadway theatre|Broadway]] play ''[[Sapho (play)|Sapho]]''. All were found innocent at trial.
 +* 1915: Forced off the market [[Stanisław Przybyszewski]]'s ''[[Homo sapiens (novel)|Homo sapiens]]''
 +* 1916: Forced off the market [[Theodore Dreiser]]'s ''[[The "Genius" (novel)|The Genius]].
 +* 1916: Opposed [[Margaret Sanger]] and publishers of [[birth control]] books.
 +* 1919: Failed in its effort to suppress the fantasy novel ''[[Jurgen, A Comedy of Justice]]'' by [[James Branch Cabell]] and ended up giving it considerable publicity and boosting its sales.
 +* 1919: At its urging a police raid at the [[Everard Baths]] resulted in nine arrests.
 +* 1920: After the magazine ''[[The Little Review]]'' serialized a passage of the book ''[[Ulysses (novel)|Ulysses]]'' dealing with the main character masturbating, the New York Society for the Suppression of Vice, who objected to the book's content, took action to attempt to keep the book out of the United States. At a [[Obscenity trial of Ulysses in The Little Review|trial in 1921]] the magazine was declared obscene and as a result ''Ulysses'' was banned in the United States.
 +* 1922: Encouraged the arrest of bookstore employee Raymond D. Halsey for selling the "obscene" novel ''Mademoiselle de Maupin'' by [[Théophile Gautier]], which depicted adultery and homosexuality. Halsey was acquitted, and successfully sued the Society for false arrest and malicious prosecution. This case established that literary experts could offer testimony in support of a book to guide the judge's opinion.
 +* 1920s and '30s: Prosecuted a long war against the so-called "girlie pulps," which featured titillating fiction, sometimes accompanied with nude photography.
 +* 1925: Attacked as indecent the magazines ''[[Artists and Models (magazine)|Artists and Models]]'' and ''[[Art Lovers' Magazine]]''.
 +* 1927: Attacked publisher [[Bernarr Macfadden]]'s newspaper, the ''[[New York Graphic]]''.
 +* 1927: Shut down [[Mae West]]'s first starring role on Broadway, the play ''[[Sex (play)|Sex]]''. West spent ten days in jail.
 +* 1929: Seized 3,000 books from three book dealers; titles included ''[[Ulysses (novel)|Ulysses]]'', ''[[Lady Chatterley's Lover]]'', and novels by [[Oscar Wilde]], [[Frank Harris]] and [[Clement Wood]].
 +* 1930: Forced [[pulp magazine|pulp]] publisher [[Harold Hersey]] to suppress the depiction of violence and lawlessness in his new line of gang pulps, which included ''[[Gangster Stories]]'' and ''[[Racketeer Stories]]''.
 +* 1932: Falsely arrested a bookseller for displaying a book on [[nudism]] in his store's window. John S. Sumner, secretary of the society, was ordered to pay the bookseller $500 in restitution.
 +*1933: Wins conviction resulting in a $200 fine over distribution of the book "The Man In The Monkey Suit" by Frances W. King.
 +* 1933: Lost fight to have [[Erskine Caldwell]]'s novel ''[[God's Little Acre]]'' declared obscene.
 +* 1934: Raided magazine "back-number" shops to confiscate four new magazines with the titles ''[[Real Boudoir Tales]]'', ''[[Real Temptation Tales]]'', ''[[Real Forbidden Sweets]]'', and ''[[Real French Capers]]''.
 +* 1935: Charged that [[Jim Tully]]'s novel ''[[Ladies in the Parlor]]'' was indecent and emphasized "dirt in the raw."
 +* 1937: Attempted to block circulation of [[James T. Farrell]]'s novel ''[[A World I Never Made]]'' for using obscene language.
 +* 1946: Charged [[Edmund Wilson]]'s ''[[Memoirs of Hecate County]]'' with obscenity.
==See also== ==See also==
-*[[Anthony Comstock]] 
*[[Comstock Law]] *[[Comstock Law]]
*[[Vice]] *[[Vice]]
*[[Censorship]] *[[Censorship]]
-*[[Jurgen, A Comedy of Justice]]+*''[[Jurgen, A Comedy of Justice]]''
-*[[Book burning]]{{GFDL}}+*[[Book burning]]
 +{{GFDL}}

Current revision

Related e

Google
Wikipedia
Wiktionary
Wiki Commons
Wikiquote
Wikisource
YouTube
Shop


Featured:
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Enlarge
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The New York Society for the Suppression of Vice (NYSSV or SSV) was an institution dedicated to supervising the morality of the public, founded in 1873. Its specific mission was to monitor compliance with state laws and work with the courts and district attorneys in bringing offenders to justice. It and its members also pushed for additional laws against perceived immoral conduct. While the NYSSV is better remembered for its opposition to literary works, it also closely monitored the newsstands, commonly found on city sidewalks and in transportation terminals, which sold the popular newspapers and periodicals of the day.

The NYSSV was founded by Anthony Comstock and his supporters in the Young Men's Christian Association. It was chartered by the New York state legislature, which granted its agents powers of search, seizure and arrest, and awarded the society 50% of all fines levied in resulting cases. After his death in 1915, Comstock was succeeded by John S. Sumner. In 1947, the organization's name was changed to the Society to Maintain Public Decency. After Sumner's retirement in 1950, the organization was dissolved. The New York Society for the Suppression of Vice is not to be confused with its namesake, the earlier, 19th-century Society for the Suppression of Vice.

Actions pursued by the NYSSV

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "New York Society for the Suppression of Vice" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools