Negative Dialectics  

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-'''''Negative Dialectics''''' is a 1966 book by [[Theodor W. Adorno]] (first translated into English in 1973) and is considered to be his magnum opus. In the book, Adorno challenges the metaphysics of [[Immanuel Kant|Kant]], [[Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel|Hegel]], and [[Martin Heidegger|Heidegger]], while simultaneously building his ideas towards emancipation from the capitalist order. A notoriously difficult work, in particular for English readers who have had at their disposal a translation known for its inaccuracies. This issue has been ameliorated by Dennis Redmond, who has posted online a translation of the text (see below). Additionally, noted translator Robert Hullot-Kentor (who re-translated Adorno's ''[[Aesthetic Theory]]'') is at work on a new version, to be published by the University of Minnesota Press.+{{short description|1966 book by Theodor W. Adorno}}
 +{{Infobox book
 +| name = Negative Dialectics
 +| title_orig = Negative Dialektik
 +| translator = E. B. Ashton
 +| image = File:Negative Dialectics, German edition.jpg
 +| caption = Cover of the first edition
 +| author = [[Theodor W. Adorno]]
 +| illustrator =
 +| cover_artist =
 +| country =
 +| language = German
 +| series =
 +| subject = [[Philosophy]]
 +| publisher = [[Suhrkamp Verlag]]
 +| pub_date = 1966
 +| media_type = Print
 +| pages = 416 (Routledge edition)
 +| isbn = 0-415-05221-1
 +| isbn_note = (Routledge edition)
 +| dewey=
 +| congress=
 +| oclc=
 +| preceded_by =
 +| followed_by =
 +}}
 +{{Frankfurt School}}
 +'''''Negative Dialectics''''' ({{lang-de|Negative Dialektik}}) is a 1966 book by the philosopher [[Theodor W. Adorno]].
 + 
 +==Summary==
 + 
 +Adorno sought to update the philosophical process known as the [[dialectic]], freeing it from traits previously attributed to it that he believed to be fictive. For [[Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel]], the dialectic was a process of realization that things contain their own negation and through this realization the parts are ''sublated'' into something greater. Adorno's dialectics rejected this positive element wherein the result was something greater than the parts that preceded and argued for a dialectics which produced something essentially negative. Adorno wrote that, "''Negative Dialectics'' is a phrase that flouts tradition. As early as [[Plato]], dialectics meant to achieve something positive by means of negation; the thought figure of the 'negation of the negation' later became the succinct term. This book seeks to free dialectics from such affirmative traits without reducing its determinacy."
 + 
 +Adorno's purpose was to overcome the formal logical limits of the previous definitions of dialectics by putting into light that new knowledge arises less from
 +a Hegelian unification of opposite categories as defined following Aristotelian logic than by the revelation of the limits of knowledge. Such revelation of the limits of knowledge reaches out to its experienced object, whose entirety always escapes the simplifying categories of purely theoretical thinking.
 + 
 +Adorno raises the possibly that philosophy and its essential link to reality may be essentially epistemological in nature. His reflection moves a step higher by applying the concept of dialectics not only to exterior objects of knowledge, but to the process of thought itself.
 + 
 +To summarize, "...this Negative Dialectics in which all esthetic topics are shunned might be called an “anti-system.” It attempts by means of logical consistency to substitute for the unity principle, and for the paramountcy of the superordinate concept, the idea of what would be outside the sway of such unity. To use the strength of the subject to break through the fallacy of constitutive subjectivity—this is what the author felt to be his task [...]. Stringently to transcend the official separation of pure philosophy and the substantive or formally scientific realm was one of his determining motives."
 + 
 +==Influence==
 + 
 +Adorno's work has had a large impact on cultural criticism, particularly through Adorno's analysis of popular culture and the culture industry. Adorno's account of dialectics has influenced [[Joel Kovel]], the sociologist [[John Holloway (sociologist)|John Holloway]], [[anarcho-primitivist]] philosopher [[John Zerzan]], and the Austrian musicologist Sebastian Wedler.
 + 
{{GFDL}} {{GFDL}}

Revision as of 15:23, 23 January 2021

"Hitler has compelled humanity to accept a new categorical imperative: orient your thinking and acting so that Auschwitz would never repeat itself, so that nothing similar would recur."--Negative Dialectics (1966) by Theodor W. Adorno

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Template:Short description Template:Infobox book Template:Frankfurt School Negative Dialectics (Template:Lang-de) is a 1966 book by the philosopher Theodor W. Adorno.

Summary

Adorno sought to update the philosophical process known as the dialectic, freeing it from traits previously attributed to it that he believed to be fictive. For Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, the dialectic was a process of realization that things contain their own negation and through this realization the parts are sublated into something greater. Adorno's dialectics rejected this positive element wherein the result was something greater than the parts that preceded and argued for a dialectics which produced something essentially negative. Adorno wrote that, "Negative Dialectics is a phrase that flouts tradition. As early as Plato, dialectics meant to achieve something positive by means of negation; the thought figure of the 'negation of the negation' later became the succinct term. This book seeks to free dialectics from such affirmative traits without reducing its determinacy."

Adorno's purpose was to overcome the formal logical limits of the previous definitions of dialectics by putting into light that new knowledge arises less from a Hegelian unification of opposite categories as defined following Aristotelian logic than by the revelation of the limits of knowledge. Such revelation of the limits of knowledge reaches out to its experienced object, whose entirety always escapes the simplifying categories of purely theoretical thinking.

Adorno raises the possibly that philosophy and its essential link to reality may be essentially epistemological in nature. His reflection moves a step higher by applying the concept of dialectics not only to exterior objects of knowledge, but to the process of thought itself.

To summarize, "...this Negative Dialectics in which all esthetic topics are shunned might be called an “anti-system.” It attempts by means of logical consistency to substitute for the unity principle, and for the paramountcy of the superordinate concept, the idea of what would be outside the sway of such unity. To use the strength of the subject to break through the fallacy of constitutive subjectivity—this is what the author felt to be his task [...]. Stringently to transcend the official separation of pure philosophy and the substantive or formally scientific realm was one of his determining motives."

Influence

Adorno's work has had a large impact on cultural criticism, particularly through Adorno's analysis of popular culture and the culture industry. Adorno's account of dialectics has influenced Joel Kovel, the sociologist John Holloway, anarcho-primitivist philosopher John Zerzan, and the Austrian musicologist Sebastian Wedler.




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