Mitosis  

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- +'''Mitosis''' is the process by which a [[eukaryotic]] cell separates the [[chromosome]]s in its [[cell nucleus]] into two identical sets, in two separate nuclei. It is a form of karyokinesis, or nuclear division. It is generally followed immediately by [[cytokinesis]], which divides the nuclei, [[cytoplasm]], [[organelle|organelles]], and [[cell membrane]] into two cells containing roughly equal shares of these cellular components.
-An '''embryo''' is a [[multicellular organism|multicellular]] [[ploidy|diploid]] [[eukaryote]] in its earliest stage of [[Developmental biology|development]], from the time of first [[cell division]] until [[birth]], [[Egg (biology)|hatching]], or [[germination]]. In humans, it is called an embryo until about eight weeks after [[fertilisation|fertilization]] (i.e. ten weeks after the [[Gestational age|last menstrual period]] or LMP), and from then it is instead called a [[fetus]].+
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-The development of the embryo is called [[embryogenesis]]. In [[organism]]s that [[sex|reproduce sexually]], once a [[spermatid|sperm]] fertilizes an [[ovum|egg cell]], the result is a [[cell (biology)|cell]] called the [[zygote]], which possesses half the [[DNA]] of each of its two parents. In [[plant]]s, [[animal]]s, and some [[protist]]s, the zygote will begin to divide by [[mitosis]] to produce a multicellular organism. The result of this process is an embryo.+
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-==See also==+
-*[[Embryo donation]]+
-*[[Embryo space colonization]]+
-*[[Embryogenesis]]+
-*[[Embryology]]+
-*[[Embryomics]]+
-*''[[The Human Embryo: Aristotle and the Arabic and European Traditions]]'' (book)+
-*[[In vitro fertilization]]+
-*[[Plant embryogenesis]]+
-*[[Pregnancy]]+
-*[[Proembryo]]+
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- +
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Mitosis is the process by which a eukaryotic cell separates the chromosomes in its cell nucleus into two identical sets, in two separate nuclei. It is a form of karyokinesis, or nuclear division. It is generally followed immediately by cytokinesis, which divides the nuclei, cytoplasm, organelles, and cell membrane into two cells containing roughly equal shares of these cellular components.



Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Mitosis" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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