Midnight Cowboy  

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-[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/{{PAGENAMEE}}] [May 2007]+'''''Midnight Cowboy''''' is a [[1969 in film|1969]] film based on the 1965 [[Midnight Cowboy (novel)|novel of the same name]] by [[James Leo Herlihy]]. It was directed by [[John Schlesinger]], and stars [[Dustin Hoffman]], [[Sylvia Miles]] and then-newcomer [[Jon Voight]] in the title role.
 + 
 +==Controversy==
 +The sex scenes in this movie were considered shocking in [[1969]], even though nothing more than bare [[breasts]] and [[buttocks]] are seen in the film. This resulted in the film receiving an [[X rating]] from the [[MPAA film rating system|MPAA]] in the [[United States]][http://www.filmsite.org/midn.html], making it the first (and only) X-rated film to win an [[Academy Award]]. At the time, X ratings had not yet become associated with the pornography industry.
 + 
 +In [[1971]] the film was re-submitted to board in anticipation of a re-release. By [[1971]], the sex scenes were not considered to be as explicit and the X rating had become associated with pure pornography, so the board granted it an [[R rating]].
 + 
 +Nothing in the film hints at any type of homosexual relationship between Joe and Ratso, and other indications in the film make it clear that they are essentially heterosexual (although, unlike the film, the novel does refer explicitly to Joe's previous homosexual activities). Joe's attempt to earn money as a male prostitute may or may not indicate bisexuality, as he pursues it only as a way to make money when acting as a prostitute for women fails. Despite this, some modern critics assume an unstated homosexual relationship between the main characters; and at the [[2006 Academy Awards]], host [[Jon Stewart]] joked about ''[[Brokeback Mountain]]'' being an Oscar contender despite its subject matter, saying "It's been more than 35 years when people would watch ''Midnight Cowboy'' and say 'What the hell was that all about?' Well, now we have fully accepted this new genre of cinema: gay westerns!" [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/{{PAGENAMEE}}] [May 2007]

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Midnight Cowboy is a 1969 film based on the 1965 novel of the same name by James Leo Herlihy. It was directed by John Schlesinger, and stars Dustin Hoffman, Sylvia Miles and then-newcomer Jon Voight in the title role.

Controversy

The sex scenes in this movie were considered shocking in 1969, even though nothing more than bare breasts and buttocks are seen in the film. This resulted in the film receiving an X rating from the MPAA in the United States[1], making it the first (and only) X-rated film to win an Academy Award. At the time, X ratings had not yet become associated with the pornography industry.

In 1971 the film was re-submitted to board in anticipation of a re-release. By 1971, the sex scenes were not considered to be as explicit and the X rating had become associated with pure pornography, so the board granted it an R rating.

Nothing in the film hints at any type of homosexual relationship between Joe and Ratso, and other indications in the film make it clear that they are essentially heterosexual (although, unlike the film, the novel does refer explicitly to Joe's previous homosexual activities). Joe's attempt to earn money as a male prostitute may or may not indicate bisexuality, as he pursues it only as a way to make money when acting as a prostitute for women fails. Despite this, some modern critics assume an unstated homosexual relationship between the main characters; and at the 2006 Academy Awards, host Jon Stewart joked about Brokeback Mountain being an Oscar contender despite its subject matter, saying "It's been more than 35 years when people would watch Midnight Cowboy and say 'What the hell was that all about?' Well, now we have fully accepted this new genre of cinema: gay westerns!" [2] [May 2007]

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