March 30  

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== Art and culture == == Art and culture ==
*[[1842]] - [[Anesthesia]] is used for the first time in an operation by [[Physician|Dr.]] [[Crawford Long]]. *[[1842]] - [[Anesthesia]] is used for the first time in an operation by [[Physician|Dr.]] [[Crawford Long]].
-*[[1844]] - One of the most important battles of the [[Dominican War of Independence]] from [[Haiti]] takes place near the city of [[Santiago de los Caballeros]]. 
-*[[1855]] - [[Origins of the American Civil War]]: [[Bleeding Kansas]] - "[[Border Ruffians]]" from [[Missouri]] invade [[Kansas]] and force election of a pro-[[slavery]] legislature.  
-*[[1856]] - The [[Treaty of Paris (1856)]] is signed, ending the [[Crimean War]]. 
-*[[1858]] - [[Hymen Lipman]] patents a [[pencil]] with an attached [[eraser]]. 
-*[[1863]] - Danish prince [[George I of Greece|Wilhelm Georg]] is chosen as King George of [[Greece]]. 
-*[[1867]] - [[Alaska]] is purchased for $7.2 million, about 2 cent/acre ($4.19/km²), by [[United States Secretary of State]] [[William H. Seward]]. The news media call this [[Seward's Folly]]. 
-*[[1870]] - [[Texas]] is readmitted to the [[Union (American Civil War)|Union]] following [[Reconstruction era (United States)|Reconstruction]]. 
-*[[1885]] - The [[Battle for Kushka]] triggers the [[Pandjeh Incident]] which nearly gives rise to war between the [[British Empire]] and [[Russian Empire]]. 
-*[[1909]] - The [[Queensboro Bridge]] opens, linking [[Manhattan]] & [[Queens]]. 
-*[[1910]] - [[Mississippi Legislature]] founded [[The University of Southern Mississippi]]. 
-*[[1912]] - [[King of Morocco|Sultan]] [[Abdelhafid of Morocco|Abdelhafid]] signs the [[Treaty of Fez]], making [[Morocco]] a [[France|French]] [[protectorate]]. 
-*[[1939]] - The [[Heinkel]] [[Heinkel He 100|He 100]] fighter sets the world airspeed record of 463 mph. 
-* 1939 - First flight of the [[Australia]]n [[Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation|C.A.C.]] [[CAC Wirraway|CA-16 Wirraway]]. 
-*[[1940]] - [[Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945)|Sino-Japanese War]]: [[Japan]] declares [[Nanking]] to be the capital of a new [[China|Chinese]] [[puppet government]], nominally controlled by [[Wang Jingwei|Wang Ching-wei]]. 
-*[[1945]] - [[World War II]]: [[Soviet Union]] [[Red Army|forces]] invade [[Austria]] and take [[Vienna]], [[Armia Ludowa|Polish]] and [[Soviet]] forces liberate [[Gdańsk]]. 
-* 1945 - [[World War II]]: a defecting German pilot delivers a [[Messerschmitt]] [[Messerschmitt Me 262|Me 262A-1]] to Americans. 
-*[[1949]] - [[Icelandic NATO Riot (1949)|Riot breaks out in Austurvöllur]] square in [[Reykjavík]], when [[Iceland]] joined [[NATO]].  
-*[[1951]] - [[Remington Rand]] delivers the first [[UNIVAC I]] computer to the [[United States Census Bureau]]. 
-*[[1954]] - [[Yonge-University-Spadina (TTC)|Yonge Street subway line]] opens in [[Toronto]]. It is the first [[metro|subway]] in [[Canada]].  
-*[[1961]] - The [[Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs]] is signed at [[New York]]. 
-*[[1965]] - [[Vietnam War]]: A [[car bomb]] explodes in front of the [[U.S. Embassy]] in [[Saigon]], killing 22 and wounding 183 others. 
-*[[1972]] - [[Vietnam War]]: The [[Easter Offensive]] begins after [[North Vietnam]]ese forces cross into the [[Demilitarized Zone]] (DMZ) of [[South Vietnam]]. 
-*[[1979]] - [[Airey Neave]], a British politician, is killed by a car bomb as he exits the [[Palace of Westminster]]. The [[Irish National Liberation Army]] claims responsibility. 
-*[[1981]] - [[President of the United States|President]] [[Ronald Reagan]] is [[Reagan assassination attempt|shot in the chest]] outside a [[Washington, D.C.]], hotel by [[John Hinckley, Jr.]] 
-*[[1982]] - [[Space Shuttle program]]: [[STS-3]] Mission completed with the landing of [[Space Shuttle Columbia|''Columbia'']] at [[White Sands Missile Range]], [[New Mexico]]. 
-*[[1997]] - [[Five (channel)]] Begins broadcasting in the [[UK]] 
-*[[2006]] - [[Marcos Pontes]] is the first [[Brazil]]ian astronaut in space. 
-* 2006 - UK [[Terrorism Act 2006]] becomes law. 
==Births== ==Births==
-<!-- Please do not add yourself or anyone else without a biography in Wikipedia to this list.--> 
-*[[1326]] - [[Ivan II of Russia]], Grand Duke of Muscovy (d. [[1359]]) 
-*[[1432]] - [[Mehmed II]], [[Ottoman Sultan]] (d. [[1481]]) 
-*[[1640]] - [[John Trenchard (Secretary of State)|John Trenchard]], English politician (d. [[1695]]) 
-*[[1739]] - [[Maria Josepha of Bavaria]], Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. [[1767]]) 
*[[1746]] - [[Francisco Goya]], Spanish painter (d. [[1828]]) *[[1746]] - [[Francisco Goya]], Spanish painter (d. [[1828]])
-*[[1750]] - [[John Stafford Smith]], English composer (d. [[1836]]) 
-*[[1820]] - [[Anna Sewell]], British author (d. [[1878]]) 
*[[1844]] - [[Paul Verlaine]], French poet (d. [[1896]]) *[[1844]] - [[Paul Verlaine]], French poet (d. [[1896]])
*[[1853]] - [[Vincent van Gogh]], Dutch painter (d. [[1890]]) *[[1853]] - [[Vincent van Gogh]], Dutch painter (d. [[1890]])

Revision as of 20:37, 22 March 2008

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.


Art and culture




  • 1904 - Akarova (born Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, 30 March 1904; died Ixelles, 24 June 1999) was a Belgian dancer, choreographer, and artist.



Francisco de Goya Jacques Dutronc Filippo Tommaso Marinetti Paul Verlaine Vincent van Gogh Edgar P. Jacobs Beau Brummell Bénédict Morel François Le Métel de Boisrobert Jean-Claude Brialy Koloman Moser Tom Sharpe Melanie Klein Robert Creeley James Cagney Fortunato Depero Thomas Couture Lene Lovich La vie parisienne Manifesto of the Fascist Intellectuals Warren Beatty François-Léon Benouville Erwin Panofsky Akarova Ernst Gombrich Léon Blum Karl May

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