March 30  

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== Art and culture == == Art and culture ==
 +
 +*[[240 BC]] - 1st recorded [[perihelion]] passage of [[Halley's Comet]].
 +*[[1282]] - The people of [[Sicily]] rebel against the [[Angevin]] [[monarch|king]] [[Charles I of Naples|Charles I]], in what becomes known as the [[Sicilian Vespers]].
 +*[[1296]] - [[Edward I of England|Edward I]] sacks [[Berwick-upon-Tweed]], during armed conflict between [[Scotland]] and [[England]].
 +*[[1492]] - [[Ferdinand II of Aragon|Ferdinand]] and [[Isabella of Castile|Isabella]] sign the [[Alhambra decree]] aimed at expelling all [[Jew]]s from [[Spain]] unless they convert to [[Roman Catholicism]].
 +*[[1814]] - [[Napoleonic Wars]]: [[Sixth Coalition]] forces march into [[Paris]].
 +* 1814 - Neapolitan War: [[Murat]] issues the [[Rimini]] Declaration which would later inspire [[Italian Unification]].
 +*[[1822]] - [[Florida Territory]] created in the [[United States]].
 +*[[1842]] - [[Anesthesia]] is used for the first time in an operation by [[Physician|Dr.]] [[Crawford Long]].
 +*[[1844]] - One of the most important battles of the [[Dominican War of Independence]] from [[Haiti]] takes place near the city of [[Santiago de los Caballeros]].
 +*[[1855]] - [[Origins of the American Civil War]]: [[Bleeding Kansas]] - "[[Border Ruffians]]" from [[Missouri]] invade [[Kansas]] and force election of a pro-[[slavery]] legislature.
 +*[[1856]] - The [[Treaty of Paris (1856)]] is signed, ending the [[Crimean War]].
 +*[[1858]] - [[Hymen Lipman]] patents a [[pencil]] with an attached [[eraser]].
 +*[[1863]] - Danish prince [[George I of Greece|Wilhelm Georg]] is chosen as King George of [[Greece]].
 +*[[1867]] - [[Alaska]] is purchased for $7.2 million, about 2 cent/acre ($4.19/km²), by [[United States Secretary of State]] [[William H. Seward]]. The news media call this [[Seward's Folly]].
 +*[[1870]] - [[Texas]] is readmitted to the [[Union (American Civil War)|Union]] following [[Reconstruction era (United States)|Reconstruction]].
 +*[[1885]] - The [[Battle for Kushka]] triggers the [[Pandjeh Incident]] which nearly gives rise to war between the [[British Empire]] and [[Russian Empire]].
 +*[[1909]] - The [[Queensboro Bridge]] opens, linking [[Manhattan]] & [[Queens]].
 +*[[1910]] - [[Mississippi Legislature]] founded [[The University of Southern Mississippi]].
 +*[[1912]] - [[King of Morocco|Sultan]] [[Abdelhafid of Morocco|Abdelhafid]] signs the [[Treaty of Fez]], making [[Morocco]] a [[France|French]] [[protectorate]].
 +*[[1939]] - The [[Heinkel]] [[Heinkel He 100|He 100]] fighter sets the world airspeed record of 463 mph.
 +* 1939 - First flight of the [[Australia]]n [[Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation|C.A.C.]] [[CAC Wirraway|CA-16 Wirraway]].
 +*[[1940]] - [[Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945)|Sino-Japanese War]]: [[Japan]] declares [[Nanking]] to be the capital of a new [[China|Chinese]] [[puppet government]], nominally controlled by [[Wang Jingwei|Wang Ching-wei]].
 +*[[1945]] - [[World War II]]: [[Soviet Union]] [[Red Army|forces]] invade [[Austria]] and take [[Vienna]], [[Armia Ludowa|Polish]] and [[Soviet]] forces liberate [[Gdańsk]].
 +* 1945 - [[World War II]]: a defecting German pilot delivers a [[Messerschmitt]] [[Messerschmitt Me 262|Me 262A-1]] to Americans.
 +*[[1949]] - [[Icelandic NATO Riot (1949)|Riot breaks out in Austurvöllur]] square in [[Reykjavík]], when [[Iceland]] joined [[NATO]].
 +*[[1951]] - [[Remington Rand]] delivers the first [[UNIVAC I]] computer to the [[United States Census Bureau]].
 +*[[1954]] - [[Yonge-University-Spadina (TTC)|Yonge Street subway line]] opens in [[Toronto]]. It is the first [[metro|subway]] in [[Canada]].
 +*[[1961]] - The [[Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs]] is signed at [[New York]].
 +*[[1965]] - [[Vietnam War]]: A [[car bomb]] explodes in front of the [[U.S. Embassy]] in [[Saigon]], killing 22 and wounding 183 others.
 +*[[1972]] - [[Vietnam War]]: The [[Easter Offensive]] begins after [[North Vietnam]]ese forces cross into the [[Demilitarized Zone]] (DMZ) of [[South Vietnam]].
 +*[[1979]] - [[Airey Neave]], a British politician, is killed by a car bomb as he exits the [[Palace of Westminster]]. The [[Irish National Liberation Army]] claims responsibility.
 +*[[1981]] - [[President of the United States|President]] [[Ronald Reagan]] is [[Reagan assassination attempt|shot in the chest]] outside a [[Washington, D.C.]], hotel by [[John Hinckley, Jr.]]
 +*[[1982]] - [[Space Shuttle program]]: [[STS-3]] Mission completed with the landing of [[Space Shuttle Columbia|''Columbia'']] at [[White Sands Missile Range]], [[New Mexico]].
 +*[[1997]] - [[Five (channel)]] Begins broadcasting in the [[UK]]
 +*[[2006]] - [[Marcos Pontes]] is the first [[Brazil]]ian astronaut in space.
 +* 2006 - UK [[Terrorism Act 2006]] becomes law.
 +
 +==Births==
 +<!-- Please do not add yourself or anyone else without a biography in Wikipedia to this list.-->
 +*[[1326]] - [[Ivan II of Russia]], Grand Duke of Muscovy (d. [[1359]])
 +*[[1432]] - [[Mehmed II]], [[Ottoman Sultan]] (d. [[1481]])
 +*[[1640]] - [[John Trenchard (Secretary of State)|John Trenchard]], English politician (d. [[1695]])
 +*[[1739]] - [[Maria Josepha of Bavaria]], Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. [[1767]])
 +*[[1746]] - [[Francisco Goya]], Spanish painter (d. [[1828]])
 +*[[1750]] - [[John Stafford Smith]], English composer (d. [[1836]])
 +*[[1820]] - [[Anna Sewell]], British author (d. [[1878]])
 +*[[1844]] - [[Paul Verlaine]], French poet (d. [[1896]])
 +*[[1853]] - [[Vincent van Gogh]], Dutch painter (d. [[1890]])
 +*[[1857]] - [[Thevenin|Leon Charles Thevenin]], French telegraph engineer (d. [[1926]])
 +*[[1864]] - [[Franz Oppenheimer]], German sociologist (d. [[1943]])
 +*[[1879]] - [[Coen de Koning]], Dutch ice skater (d. [[1954]])
 +*[[1880]] - [[Sean O'Casey]], Irish dramatist (d. [[1964]])
 +*[[1892]] - [[Fortunato Depero]], Italian artist (d. [[1960]])
 +* 1892 - [[Erhard Milch]], German field marshal (d. [[1972]])
 +*[[1894]] - [[Sergey Ilyushin]], Russian aerospace engineer (d. [[1977]])
 +* 1895 - [[Jean Giono]], French author (d. [[1970]])
 +*[[1899]] - [[Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay]], well known Bengali writer (d. [[1970]])
 +*[[1902]] - [[Brooke Astor]], American philanthropist (d. [[2007]])
 +* 1902 - [[Ted Heath (bandleader)|Ted Heath]], British musician and band leader (d. [[1969]])
 +*[[1903]] - [[Countee Cullen]], American poet (d. [[1946]])
 +* 1903 - [[Joy Ridderhof]], American missionary (d. [[1984]])
 +*[[1904]] - [[Ripper Collins]], baseball player (d. [[1970]])
 +*[[1905]] - [[Albert Pierrepoint]], English executioner (d. [[1992]])
 +*[[1907]] - [[Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte]], German Luftwaffe Officer (d. [[1994]])
 +*[[1910]] - [[Józef Marcinkiewicz]], mathematician (d. [[1940]])
 +*[[1913]] - [[Marc Davis]], American animator (d. [[2000]])
 +* 1913 - [[Richard Helms]], American [[Central Intelligence Agency|CIA]] director (d. [[2002]])
 +* 1913 - [[Frankie Laine]], American singer (d. [[2007]])
 +* 1913 - [[Censu Tabone]], [[President of Malta]]
 +*[[1914]] - [[Sonny Boy Williamson I]], American musician (d. [[1948]])
 +*[[1919]] - [[McGeorge Bundy]], American National Security Advisor (d. [[1996]])
 +*[[1922]] - [[Turhan Bey]], Turkish actor
 +*[[1923]] - [[Milton Acorn]], Canadian poet (d. [[1986]])
 +*[[1926]] - [[Ingvar Kamprad]], Swedish entrepreneur
 +* 1926 - [[Werner Torkanowsky]], German conductor (d. [[1992]])
 +*[[1927]] - [[Peter Marshall (game show host)|Peter Marshall]], American game show host
 +*[[1928]] - [[Robert Badinter]], French politician
 +*[[1928]] - [[Tom Sharpe]], English satirical author
 +*[[1929]] - [[Richard Dysart]], American actor
 +*[[1930]] - [[John Astin]], American actor
 +* 1930 - [[Rolf Harris]], Australian artist and entertainer
 +*[[1932]] - [[Ted Morgan]], Swiss-born writer
 +*[[1933]] - [[Jean-Claude Brialy]], French actor and director
 +*[[1935]] - [[Karl Berger]], German musicologist and musician
 +* 1935 - [[Willie Galimore]], American football player (d. [[1964]])
 +*[[1937]] - [[Warren Beatty]], American actor and director
 +*[[1940]] - [[Jerry Lucas]], American basketball player
 +*[[1941]] - [[Graeme Edge]], British musician ([[Moody Blues]])
 +* 1941 - [[Wasim Sajjad]], [[President of Pakistan]]
 +*[[1943]] - [[Ken Forssi]], American musician ([[Love (band)|Love]]) (d. [[1998]])
 +*[[1945]] - [[Eric Clapton]], British guitarist/singer
 +*[[1947]] - [[Ryszard Kotla]], Polish travel writer and activist, tour guide, journalist, academic teacher, engineer
 +*[[1948]] - [[Mervyn King]], British economist
 +* 1948 - [[Eddie Jordan]] Former owner of [[Jordan Grand Prix]]
 +* 1949 - [[Naomi Sims]], American fashion model and businesswoman
 +* 1949 - [[Liza Frulla]], Quebec politician
 +*[[1950]] - [[Robbie Coltrane]], Scottish actor and comedian
 +*[[1951]] - [[Yves Séguin]], Quebec politician
 +*[[1952]] - [[Peter Knights]], Australian footballer and coach
 +*[[1953]] - [[Cydney Bernard]], American film producer
 +*[[1955]] - [[Randy VanWarmer]], American singer and songwriter (d. [[2004]])
 +*[[1956]] - [[Bill Butler]], Scottish politician
 +*[[1957]] - [[Paul Reiser]], American actor
 +*[[1958]] - [[Maurice LaMarche]], Canadian voice actor
 +*[[1959]] - [[Peter Hugh McGregor Ellis|Peter Ellis]], convicted child abuser
 +* 1959 - [[Sabine Meyer]], German clarinetist
 +*[[1961]] - [[Doug Wickenheiser]], Canadian ice hockey player (d. [[1999]])
 +*[[1962]] - [[MC Hammer]], American rap musician
 +*[[1963]] - [[Eli-Eri Moura]], Brazilian composer and conductor
 +*[[1964]] - [[Tracy Chapman]], American singer
 +* 1964 - [[Vlado Bozinovski]], Australian former footballer
 +* 1964 - [[Dave Ellett]], Canadian hockey player
 +* 1964 - [[Ian Ziering]], American actor
 +*[[1965]] - [[Piers Morgan]], British journalist
 +*[[1966]] - [[Joey Castillo]], American drummer ([[Queens of the Stone Age]])
 +* 1966 - [[Efstratios Grivas]], Greek chess grandmaster and author
 +*[[1967]] - [[Christopher Bowman]], American figure skater (d. [[2008]])
 +* 1967 - [[Hayashibara Megumi]], Japanese voice actress and singer
 +*[[1968]] - [[Donna D'Errico]], American actress and model
 +* 1968 - [[Celine Dion]], Canadian singer
 +*[[1970]] - [[Secretariat (racehorse)|Secretariat]], American racehorse (d. [[1989]])
 +*[[1971]] - [[Mark Consuelos]], American actor
 +*[[1972]] - [[Mili Avital]], Israeli-American actress
 +*[[1973]] - [[Jan Koller]], Czech footballer
 +*[[1973]] - [[Matthew Pritchard]] Welsh Stuntman
 +*[[1975]] - [[Bahar Soomekh]], American actress
 +*[[1976]] - [[Mark McClelland]], Northern Irish musician ([[Degrassi (band)|Degrassi]])
 +* 1976 - [[Ty Conklin]], American ice hockey player
 +* 1976 - [[Obadele Thompson]], Barbadian athlete
 +*[[1978]] - [[Chris Paterson]], Scottish rugby player
 +*[[1979]] - [[Norah Jones]], American singer and pianist
 +* 1979 - [[Simon Webbe]], English singer
 +*[[1980]] - [[Ricardo Osorio]], Mexican footballer
 +* 1980 - [[Yalin]], Turkish singer and songwriter
 +* 1980 - [[Paul Wall]], American rapper
 +*[[1982]] - [[Jason Dohring]], American actor
 +*[[1983]] - [[Jérémie Aliadière]], French footballer
 +* 1983 - [[Zach Gowen]], American professional wrestler
 +* 1983 - [[Scott Moffatt]], Canadian singer and songwriter
 +* 1983 - [[Davis Romero]], Panamanian baseball player
 +* 1983 - [[Hebe Tian]], Taiwanese singer ([[S.H.E]])
 +*[[1984]] - [[Mario Ancic]], Croatian tennis player
 +* 1984 - [[Anna Nalick]], American singer and songwriter
 +*[[1986]] - [[Beni Arashiro]], Japanese singer
 +* 1986 - [[Sergio Ramos García|Sergio Ramos]], Spanish footballer
 +
 +<!--
 +Please do not add yourself, non-notable people, fictional characters, or people without Wikipedia articles to this list. No red links, please.
 +Do not link multiple occurrences of the same year, just link the first occurrence.
 +If there are multiple people in the same birth year, put them in alphabetical order.
 +Do not trust "this year in history" websites for accurate date information. -->
 +
 +==Deaths==
 +*[[1486]] - [[Thomas Bourchier]], [[Archbishop of Canterbury]]
 +*[[1526]] - [[Konrad Mutian]], German humanist (b. [[1471]])
 +*[[1540]] - [[Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg]], German statesman and Archbishop of Salzburg (b. [[1469]])
 +*[[1559]] - [[Adam Ries]], German mathematician (b. [[1492]])
 +*[[1587]] - [[Ralph Sadler]], English statesman (b. [[1507]])
 +*[[1662]] - [[François le Métel de Boisrobert]], French poet (b. [[1592]])
 +*[[1707]] - [[Vauban]], French architect (b. [[1633]])
 +*[[1764]] - [[Pietro Locatelli]], Italian composer (b. [[1695]])
 +*[[1783]] - [[William Hunter (anatomist)|William Hunter]], Scottish anatomist (b. [[1718]])
 +*[[1804]] - [[Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie]], Marshal of France (b. [[1718]])
 +*[[1840]] - [[Beau Brummell]], English celebrity and dandy (b. [[1778]])
 +*[[1842]] - [[Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun]], French painter (b. [[1755]])
 +*[[1879]] - [[Thomas Couture]], French painter and teacher (b. [[1815]])
 +*[[1886]] - [[Joseph-Alfred Mousseau]], French Canadian politician (b. [[1838]])
 +*[[1896]] - [[Charilaos Trikoupis]], seven times prime-minister of [[Greece]] (b. [[1832]])
 +*[[1912]] - [[Karl May]], German author (b. [[1842]])
 +*[[1925]] - [[Rudolf Steiner]], Austrian philosopher
 +*[[1936]] - [[Conchita Supervía]], Spanish opera singer (b. [[1895]])
 +*[[1943]] - [[Jan Bytnar]], Polish activist (b. [[1921]])
 +* 1943 - [[Maciej Aleksy Dawidowski]], Polish activist (b. [[1920]])
 +*[[1949]] - [[Friedrich Bergius]], German chemist, [[Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize]] laureate (b. [[1884]])
 +*[[1950]] - [[Léon Blum]], French prime minister (b. [[1872]])
 +*[[1959]] - [[Daniil Andreev]], Russian writer and mystic (b. [[1906]])
 +*[[1965]] - [[Philip Showalter Hench]], American physician, recipient of the [[Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine]] (b. [[1896]])
 +*[[1966]] - [[Maxfield Parrish]], American artist (b. [[1870]])
 +* 1966 - [[Newbold Morris]], American politician (b. [[1902]])
 +*[[1967]] - [[Jean Toomer]], American writer (b. [[1894]])
 +*[[1968]] - [[Bobby Driscoll]], American actor (b. [[1937]])
 +*[[1970]] - [[Heinrich Brüning]], [[Chancellor of Germany]] (b. [[1885]])
 +*[[1972]] - [[Gabriel Heatter]], American radio commentator (b. [[1890]])
 +*[[1977]] - [[Abdel Halim Hafez]], Egyptian singer and actor (b. [[1929]])
 +*[[1981]] - [[DeWitt Wallace]], American publisher (b. [[1889]])
 +*[[1984]] - [[Karl Rahner]], German theologian (b. [[1904]])
 +*[[1985]] - [[Harold Peary]], American actor and singer (heart attack) (b. [[1908]])
 +*[[1986]] - [[James Cagney]], American actor (b. [[1899]])
 +*[[1988]] - [[Edgar Faure]], French politician (b. [[1908]])
 +*[[1992]] - [[Manolis Andronikos]], Greek archeologist, professor at the [[Aristotle University of Thessaloniki]] (b. [[1919]])
 +*[[1999]] - [[Gary Morton]], American film and television producer (b. [[1924]])
 +*[[2002]] - [[Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon]], Queen Mother of the United Kingdom (b. [[1900]])
 +*[[2002]] - [[Søren Nystrøm Rasted]], [[Denmark |Danish]] Musician, husband of [[Lene Nystrøm Rasted |Lene]] (b. [[1969]])
 +*[[2003]] - [[Michael Jeter]], American actor (b. [[1952]])
 +* 2003 - [[Valentin Pavlov]], Prime Minister of the Soviet Union (b. [[1937]])
 +*[[2004]] - [[Alistair Cooke]], English-born journalist (b. [[1908]])
 +* 2004 - [[Hubert Gregg]], British broadcaster (b. [[1914]])
 +* 2004 - [[Michael King]], New Zealand historian (b. [[1945]])
 +* 2004 - [[Timi Yuro]], American singer (b. [[1940]])
 +* 2005 - [[Emil Dimitrov]], Bulgarian singer (b. [[1940]])
 +*[[2005]] - [[Robert Creeley]], American poet (b. [[1926]])
 +* 2005 - [[Milton Green]], American athlete (b. [[1913]])
 +* 2005 - [[Fred Korematsu]], American civil rights activist (b. [[1919]])
 +* 2005 - [[O. V. Vijayan]], Indian author and cartoonist (b. [[1930]])
 +* 2005 - [[Derrick Plourde]], American drummer (b. [[1971]])
 +*[[2006]] - [[Red Hickey]], American football coach (b. [[1917]])
 +
==Births== ==Births==
*[[1904]] - [[Akarova]] (born Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, 30 March 1904; died Ixelles, 24 June 1999) was a Belgian dancer, choreographer, and artist. *[[1904]] - [[Akarova]] (born Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, 30 March 1904; died Ixelles, 24 June 1999) was a Belgian dancer, choreographer, and artist.

Revision as of 20:35, 22 March 2008

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Contents

Art and culture

Births


Deaths

Births

  • 1904 - Akarova (born Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, 30 March 1904; died Ixelles, 24 June 1999) was a Belgian dancer, choreographer, and artist.

Deaths

Notes

Francisco de Goya Jacques Dutronc Filippo Tommaso Marinetti Paul Verlaine Vincent van Gogh Edgar P. Jacobs Beau Brummell Bénédict Morel François Le Métel de Boisrobert Jean-Claude Brialy Koloman Moser Tom Sharpe Melanie Klein Robert Creeley James Cagney Fortunato Depero Thomas Couture Lene Lovich La vie parisienne Manifesto of the Fascist Intellectuals Warren Beatty François-Léon Benouville Erwin Panofsky Akarova Ernst Gombrich Léon Blum Karl May




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "March 30" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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