Jerrold Levinson  

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 +"A [[work of art]] is a thing [[Authorial intent|intended]] for regard-as-a-work-of-art: regard in any of the [[art history|ways works of art existing prior to it]] have been correctly regarded." --"[[Defining Art Historically]]", 1979, Jerrold Levinson
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{{Template}} {{Template}}
-[[Hans Maes]] [[University of Kent]]+'''Jerrold Levinson''' (born 11 July 1948 in [[Brooklyn]]) is an [[American philosopher]]. He is particularly noted for his work on the [[aesthetics]] of [[music]], as well as for his search for meaning and [[ontology]] in [[film]], [[art]] and [[humour]].
-http://www.tijdschriftkarakter.be/kunst-of-pornografie+His paper "[[Defining Art Historically]]"” (1979) launched the historical [[theory of art]].
 +==On erotica, erotic art and pornography==
 +In ''[[Contemplating Art]]'' (2006), Levinson included two chapters on erotic art, "[[What Is Erotic Art?]]" (1998), and "[[Erotic Art and Pornographic Pictures]]" (2005). He co-edited with Hans Maes ''[[Art & Pornography: Philosophical Essays]]'' (2012).
-Art or Porn: Clear Division or False Dilemma?+Levinson also wrote a text on [[sexual perversion]], "[[Sexual Perversity]]" (2003).
-''[[Pornographic Art and the Aesthetics of Pornography]]'' (2013)[http://www.palgrave.com/us/book/9780230368200]+==Philosophy==
 +Levinson's interest in the aesthetics of music has led to an examination of musical ontology from a historical-contextual perspective, and of performance with an emphasis on performing means. He has posited theories of evaluating music and has considered the legitimacy of emotional response in musical appreciation. Within his study of performance he has also examined the distinctness of performing and critical interpretation.
-''[[Art and Pornography]]'' (2015) Edited by Hans Maes and [[Jerrold Levinson]]+Levinson advocates the position that music has the same relation to thought as does language;
 +i.e., if language is an expression of thought, so is music. This is particularly revealed in his analysis of [[Wittgenstein]]'s ideas on the meaning in music:
 +:''What Wittgenstein is underscoring here about the appreciation of music is this. Music is not understood in a vacuum, as a pure structure of sounds fallen from the stars, one which we receive via some pure faculty of musical perception. Music is rather inextricably embedded in our form of life, a form of life that is, as it happens, essentially linguistic. Thus music is necessarily apprehended, at least in part, in terms of the language and linguistic practices that define us and our world.''
 +This raises interesting points in the debate on [[absolute music]].
 +==Bibliography==
 +* ''Music, Art, and Metaphysics'', Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1990; 2nd edition, Oxford: Oxford UP, 2011.
 +* ''The Pleasures of Aesthetics'', Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1996.
 +* ''Music in the Moment'', Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1998.
 +* ''Aesthetics and Ethics'', ed., Cambridge UP, 1998.
 +* ''Oxford Handbook of Aesthetics'', ed., Oxford UP, 2003.
 +* ''Contemplating Art'', Oxford: Oxford UP, 2006.
 +* ''Musical Concerns'', Oxford: Oxford UP, 2015.
 +* ''Aesthetic Pursuits'', Oxford: Oxford UP, 2016.
-<hr> 
-[[Skinny (band)]] 
- 
-Skinny were an English electronica band which released two albums over a course of four years. Their most successful song, "[[Failure]]", was included on both .. 
- 
-<hr> 
-Georges Bataille, “[[Le Secret de Sade]],” Critique 15/16 (August-September 1947): 147-60,  
- 
-<hr> 
-Photo from [[William Seabrook]]'s Click magazine. The text references [[Zener cards]]. 
- 
-According to several sources, the image is from the 1942 issue of Click magazine. 
- 
-The mask is reminiscent of [[Boiffard]]'s photos for "[[Le Caput Mortuum ou la Femme de l'Alchimiste]]" and [[Unidentified photo by Jacques-André Boiffard featured on the cover of some editions of Michel Foucault's Discipline and Punish|this unidentified photo]]. 
- 
-Tip of the hat to [[Charles Lieurance]]. 
-<hr> 
-... and sit down on my face ... 
- 
-I watched ''[[The Piano Teacher (film)|The Piano Teacher]]'' (2001) by [[Michael Haneke]]. 
- 
-:Walter Klemmer: [reading the teacher's letter] "On the contrary, if I beg, tighten my bonds, please. Adjust the belt by at least two or three holes. The tighter the better. Then, gag me with some stockings I will have ready. Stuff them in so hard that I'm incapable of making any sound. Next, take off the blindfold, please, '''and sit down on my face''' and punch me in the stomach to force me to thrust my tongue in your behind." 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
- 
-I watched ''[[The White Ribbon]]'' (2009) by [[Michael Haneke]]. A very powerful movie. Just like ''[[Caché]]'' (2005), it has more than an [[open ending]], you feel like you are not being told half the story. You also feel that the director know all and tells you nothing. 
- 
-The film suggests that children can be cruel (''[[Lord of the Flies]]'') but it is certainly not just another [[devil-child film]]. 
- 
-Above is one of the more cruel scenes of the film, in which the doctor tells the midwife he no longer wants her. 
- 
-The whole scene is here[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j5bNBxj5cSs&t=40s]. 
- 
-<hr> 
- 
-During the summer of 1910, [[Schoenberg]] wrote his ''[[Harmonielehre]]'' (Theory of Harmony, Schoenberg 1922), which remains one of the most influential [[music-theory]] books.  
- 
-<hr> 
-[[Let The Music Play (Charles Earland)|Let The Music Play]] - [[Charles Earland]]  
-<hr> 
- 
-"[[Tonight's the Night (song)|Tonight's the Night]]" is a song by [[Neil Young]] from ''[[Tonight's the Night (Neil Young album)|Tonight's the Night]]'' 
-<hr> 
- 
-[[Paglia]]'s new book ''[[Free Women, Free Men: Sex, Gender, and Feminism]]'' was published by Pantheon in 2017. 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-Saw [[Dennis Tyfus]] and [[Thurston Moore]] and [[Cameron Jamie]] and did not see [[Miaux]] on Tuesday and Thursday 16/3/17 ''[[Onschuld]]'' by [[De Roovers]] by [[Dea Loher]] (1964)  
-<hr> 
-''[[Seeing Sodomy in the Middle Ages]]'' [[Robert Mills]] - 2015 - ‎Art 
- 
-See Camille, “[[Dr. Witkowski's Anus]],” 31–38. The Bourges hell also features, to the left, a man with a moneybag tied around his neck being tormented by a .. 
- 
-<hr> 
- 
-''[[The Dark Side of Porn]]'' 
- 
-<hr> 
- 
- 
-''[[Baby with Three Cats]]'', engraving by [[Giulio Campagnola]], 1510s [https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Giulio_Campagnola_cats.jpg] 
- 
-<hr> 
-[[Men are afraid that women will laugh at them. Women are afraid that men will kill them]] [https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Talk:Margaret_Atwood#.22Men_are_afraid_that_women_will_laugh_at_them._Women_are_afraid_that_men_will_kill_them..22] 
-<hr> 
-'l'un se touche indécemment; deux têtes: l'une qui rit, l'autre de mort, une autre qui tire la langue'--[[Jules Michelet]], journal 
-<hr> 
- 
-[[Copulation of elephants]] from ''Les accouchements dans les beaux-arts, dans la littérature et au théatre'' by Gustave-Joseph Alphonse Witkowski 
-<hr> 
-''[[A new born child stepping out of a broken egg]]'' from ''Histoire des accouchements chez tous les peuples'' by Gustave-Joseph Alphonse Witkowski 
- 
-<hr> 
-And here[https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cul-de-lampe-Cath%C3%A9drale_Saint-%C3%89tienne_de_Bourges_(5).jpg] is the photo of the medieval obscenity of the previous post[http://jahsonic.tumblr.com/post/158204538766/there-is-an-decorative-element-at-the-bourges], known as the [[cul-de-lampe-Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Bourges]]. 
- 
-<hr> 
-Jacques E. Merceron, ‘Obscenity and Hagiography in Three Anonymous [[Sermons Joyeux]] and in [[Jean Molinet]]’s Saint Billouart’, in Jan M. Ziolkowski, ed., Obscenity: Social Control and Artistic Creation in the European Middle Ages (Leiden, 1998), 332-44, at 335-36. 
-<hr> 
- 
-There is an [[corbel]] (French: cul-de-lampe) at the Bourges Cathedral which is depicted in ''[[L'Art profane à l'église]]''[https://archive.org/stream/lartprofanelglis01witk#page/194/mode/1up/search/bourges] but which had been more pleasingly depicted in ''[[Histoire de la caricature au moyen âge et sous la renaissance]]'' [https://archive.org/stream/histoiredelamoye00chamuoft#page/261/mode/1up/search/bourges] (above). 
- 
-It is commented upon in [[Michael Camille]]'s essay, “[[Dr Witkowski's Anus: French Doctors, German Homosexuals and the Obscene in Medieval Church Art]]” published in ''[[Medieval Obscenities]]'', p. 31.: 
-:"The most startling interpretation of this lonely ecclesiastical anus[https://archive.org/stream/histoiredelamoye00chamuoft#page/261/mode/1up/search/bourges] is by a man who can be described as the first great iconographer of the medieval obscene, [[G. J. A. Witkowski]] in his ''[[L'Art profane à l'église]]''." 
- 
-See [[medieval erotica]], [[medieval satire]]. 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-Frontispice of ''[[Le Mystère des Cathédrales]]''[https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Frontispice_du_Mystère_des_cathédrales.jpg] by [[Fulcanelli]] (1926). Illustration by [[Julien Champagne]].  
-<hr> 
-"mouth-pullers, tongue-protruders, tress-pullers, musicians" --''[[Images of Lust]]'' 
-<hr> 
- 
-If you Google "[[Merdre!]]" and "[[I fart at thee]]" you only get one hit, ''[[The Performance of Control and the Control of Performance: Towards a Social Anthropology of Defecation]]'' (2001) [http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:PbXIsJiPVeUJ:bura.brunel.ac.uk/bitstream/2438/6376/3/FulltextThesis.pdf.txt+&cd=2&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=be], the doctoral thesis of 
-Rachel Vanessa Lea. 
- 
-Illustration: ''[[Brant Broughton Church Carving of a defecating man]]''. 
- 
-Tip of the hat to [[Alistair Ian Blyth]]. 
- 
-See [[defecation]], [[grotesque body]]. 
- 
-<hr> 
-"[[Censure of the Parliament Fart]]" 
- 
-<hr> 
- 
-RIP [[Jay Lynch]](1945 – 2017), American [[underground comics]] artist, writer and editor (''[[Bijou Funnies]]'', ''[[Bazooka Joe]]''). 
- 
- 
-RIP [[Misha Mengelberg]] (1935 – 2017) Ukrainian-born Dutch jazz pianist and composer. 
- 
-Above: Misha Mengelberg performing "[[You Don't Know What Love Is]]". 
- 
-<hr> 
-RIP [[Jean-Christophe Averty]] (1928 – 2017), French television and radio director, and Satrap of the [['Pataphysics#The Collège de 'Pataphysique|College of 'Pataphysique]]. He directed ''[[Soft Self-Portrait of Salvador Dali]]'' (1970) [above]. 
-<hr> 
-RIP [[Larry Coryell]] (1943 – 2017) 
- 
-Image: cover of [[Sex (Larry Coryell)|Sex]] (1969). 
-<hr> 
-[[Roland Topor]] ''[[Panic - The Golden Years]]'' released for his exhibition in Amsterdam in 1975 at the [[Stedelijk Museum]]. 
- 
-Aaaah ! Iiiih ! Eeeeh ! Oooo-ohoh ! 
- 
-<hr> 
-''[[Une jambe gauche en bas de chausse]]''[https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pisanello_-_Codex_Vallardi_2275_v.jpg] is a drawing by [[Pisanello]] from the [[Codex Vallardi]] acquired by the Louvre in March 1856 from the Milanese antique dealer [[Giuseppe Vallardi]]  
-<hr> 
-Photo from ''[[Die Erotik in der Photographie]]'' 
-<hr> 
- 
-''[[Finger Nails of a High Class Chinese]]'' is the title of a postcard showing long [[fingernail]]s of a [[Chinese]] man. 
-<hr> 
- 
-Illustration from [[Thomas Murner]], ''[[Nebulo Nebulonum]]'' (The Rascal of Rascals), trans. [[Johann Flittner]], 1620 
- 
-Image sourced from [http://tankmagazine.com/issue-68/features/alistair-ian-blyth/], an article by [[Alistair Ian Blyth]] which touches on various aspects of the [[Malbrough theme]] and the lower bodily stratum, with a brief divagation on the obscure topic of ''[[rhaphanismus]]'', the ancient Athenian punishment for adultery, which involved the thrusting of a radish up the miscreant's fundament. 
-<hr> 
-"[[Petites misères de la vie humaine]]" [[Paul-Émile Daurand-Forgues]] 
-<hr> 
-''[[Tattoo man]]'' is the informal title to a photo by [[George Platt Lynes]]. 
- 
-Found in ''[[Le musée du fétichisme]]''. 
-  
-I recently bought ''[[Blasons anatomiques du corps féminin]]'' (1982) ''[[Le musée du fétichisme]]'' and ''[[Images of Lust]]''. 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
- 
-[[Why dost thou show me iniquity?]] [[Habbakuk]] 
-<hr> 
- 
-RIP [[Seijun Suzuki]] (1923 – 2017) 
- 
-Image: ''[[Branded to Kill]]'' 
-<hr> 
-EP Vogue EPL 8141: La foraine / Ils voulaient voir la mer / [[Les nuits d'une demoiselle]] [version soft expurgée] (1963) --[[Colette Renard]] 
-<hr> 
-Two images from ''[[Wulpse wijven, geile gasten]]'', a Dutch book on [[medieval erotica]]. 
- 
-<hr> 
-[[Designs for a vessel in the form of a heart held by hand]][https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/78/A_vessel_in_the_form_of_a_heart_held_by_a_hand%3B_16th_century_Wellcome_L0026157.jpg] by the circle of [[Giulio Romano]] 
- 
-See [[heart]] 
-<hr> 
-There seems to be some tension between [[free speech]] and [[hate speech]]. 
-<hr> 
-RIP Dutch graphic designer [[Dick Bruna]] (1927 – 2017), creator of Miffy, also very much appreciated for his [[crime novel]] cover illustrations, noted for their simplicity. 
- 
-He also illustrated many of the ''[[Les « romans durs » de Simenon|romans durs'' by Simenon]], of which I've finished yesterday ''[[Les Demoiselles de Concarneau ]]''. 
- 
-Of [[1927#Births|my people born in 1927]], only Hubert de Givenchy and Kenneth Anger are alive.  
-<hr> 
-DJ Super Soul from the 1971 film ''[[Vanishing Point (1971 film)|Vanishing Point]]'' is a foreshadowing of DJ [[The Electrifying Mojo]].  
-<hr> 
-RIP Robert Scholes (1919 - 2016). 
- 
-Speaking of [[Tzvetan Todorov]] (see prev. post), it appears that the man who wrote the foreword to ''[[The Fantastic]]'', the American literary critic [[Robert Scholes]], also died. 
- 
-His death was apparently not worthy of the Wikipedia death timeline[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deaths_in_December_2016]. 
- 
-Above, the cover of ''[[Fabulation and Metafiction]]'' (1979). 
- 
- 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-[[April 9 1982 Electrifying Mojo - Midnight Funk Association]]  
-<hr> 
-RIP [[Tzvetan Todorov]] (1939 – 2017). 
- 
-His book ''[[The Fantastic: A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre]]'' (1970) was very influential to me. 
- 
-I've never been able to work out what it is on the cover. Ice cubes? My Cornell paperback does not credit the cover art. 
-<hr> 
- 
-[[All Back to Mine]] (2000) 
- 
-Strange games and funky things - Love Unlimited Orchestra 2. Going back to my roots - Havens, Richie 3. Thank you - Sly & The Family Stone 4. Make me believe in you - Patti Jo 5. Moses - Crystalites 6. 90% of me - McRae, Gwen 7. Buzzsaw - Turtles 8. Uptown - Chambers Brothers 9. Sliced tomatoes - Just Brothers 10. Do you believe in magic - Lovin' Spoonful 11. Soul at sunrise - Juggy 12. You've been gone too long - Sexton, Ann 13. Get out of my life woman - Dorsey, Lee 14. Holy are you - Electric Prunes 15. Four horsemen - Aphrodite's Child 16. Holy Thursday - Axelrod, David  
-Smokin' smokin' smokin'! [[Sean Rowley]]' 
- 
-See [[Back to Mine]] 
-<hr> 
- 
-[[A Million Ways to Die in the West]] 
-<hr> 
-Of late, I find myself regularly at the cinema. 
- 
-The last film I saw was ''[[The Handmaiden]]'' by Park Chan-wook of ''[[Oldboy (2003 film) |Old Boy]]'' fame. 
- 
-The film is inspired by the novel ''[[Fingersmith (novel)|Fingersmith]]'' by Welsh writer Sarah Waters. 
- 
-The character of the uncle (in ''Fingersmith'' Christopher Lilly, in ''The Handmaiden'' Uncle Kouzuki) is a man obsessively collecting and indexing [[pornography]] and works about human sexuality is based on that of [[Henry Spencer Ashbee]] who famously said of [[erotic literature]]: "[[Better were it that such literature did not exist]]." 
- 
-In one particular sequence, [[Marquis de Sade]] is mentioned (Sade-esque). 
- 
-The sex in the film failed to excite me, with the notable exception of the tooth file sequence (film still above). 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-George Simenon's ''[[Act of Passion]]'', John Dos Passos' ''[[U.S.A. (trilogy)|1919]]'', Salinger's ''[[The Catcher In the Rye]]'', Jean Paul Sartre's ''[[The Wall (short story collection)|Intimacy]]'', Evan Hunter's ''[[Blackboard Jungle]]'', and James Jones' ''[[From Here to Eternity]]'' 
- 
-<hr> 
-[[Brutalist]] [[Imaginary building]] from the film ''[[High-Rise (film)|High-Rise]]''. 
- 
-''High-Rise'' reminded me of ''[[Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (film)|Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas]]'' (the total [[disintegration]] and [[dissolution]] of things) and ''[[Shivers (film)|Shivers]]'' ([[highrise]] as [[allegory]] for the rest of society).  
- 
-<hr> 
- 
-''[[This Brutal World]]'' (2016) is a book by [[Peter Chadwick]] published by [[Phaidon Press]]. 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-''[[The Bellows Repairer]]''[http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cornelis_Massijs_%28%3F%29_Le_raccomodeur_de_soufflets.jpg] is a copy after a lost work by [[Hieronymus Bosch]] in the collection of the [[Musée des Beaux-Arts Tournai]] (attributed to [[Cornelis Massijs]]). 
- 
-I saw this work live [[User:Jahsonic/Went with W. on Sunday 29/1/17 to Belœil, Tournai and Binche|over the weekend]]. At times like this I love Belgium. 
- 
-<hr> 
-[[La lampe]] is a poem by [[Andre Chenier]]. 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-[[Daft Punk top 1000]] 
- 
- 
-Tron excerpt 
-Deepside – ‘French’ 
-Ian Pooley – ‘Mutual Extend’ 
-DJ Sneak – ‘Drums Are Us’ 
-‘Heroes in their own home’ – 1986 Chicago TV report 
-DJ Hyperactive – ‘Alteno’ 
-Bomb the Bass – ‘Beat Dis’ 
-Drexciya – ‘Lardossen Funk’ 
-Herbie Hancock – ‘Nobu’ 
-Cerrone – ‘Sweet Drums’ 
-Boogie Down Productions – ‘Jimmy’ 
-Sparks – ‘Beat the Clock’ (Extended 12”) 
-DJ Deeon – ‘World War 3 Beat/Teachapella’ 
-Paul Johnson – ‘Aww Shit’ 
-DJ Sneak – ‘Keep on Groovin’ (Ian Pooley Fierce mix) 
-Basement Jaxx – ‘Deep Jackin’ 
-Prince – ‘Purple Music’/’Automatic’ 
-DJ Funk – ‘I’m So Hi’ 
-Jack Da Ripper – ‘Jack’s Back’ 
-Lil Louis – ‘French Kiss’ 
-The Madam/The Prince – ‘The Sensuous Black Woman Meets The Sensuous Black Man’ 
-Laurent Garnier – ‘The Hoe’ (Old School mix) 
-Serge Gainsbourg – ‘CK’s Whitneypella’ 
-Basement Jaxx – ‘Fly Life’/Blair – ‘Life’ (Derrick Carter remix) 
-Romanthony – ‘Testify’ 
-DJ Gregory – ‘Hands’ 
-DJ Slugo – ‘Love Sensation’ (rx) 
-Isaac Hayes – ‘I Can’t Turn Around’ (Ashley Beedle edit) 
-The Jacksons – ‘Living Together’ 
-K.I.D. – ‘Don’t Stop’ 
-Sugarhill Gang – ‘Rapper’s Reprise’ 
-Chic – ‘I Feel Your Love Comin’ On’ 
-326 – ‘Falling’ (Mike Dunn remix) 
-Deee-Lite – ‘What Is Love’ (Frenchapella) 
-DJ Pierre – ‘The Horn Song’ 
-Lil’ Mo’ Yin Yang – ‘Reach’ 
-Ruffneck – ‘Everybody Be Somebody’ (A capella) 
-Dimitri from Paris – ‘Free Ton Style’/MFSB – ‘Mysteries of the World’ 
-Gene Farris – ‘Disco Heaven’ 
-Cameo – ‘It’s Serious’ 
-Stevie Wonder – ‘Race Babbling’ 
-Luke Slater – ‘Purely’ 
-Boris Dlugosch – ‘Keep Pushin’’ 
-Kraftwerk – ‘Computer World 2′ 
-Jammin’ Gerald – ‘Pump That Shit Up’ 
-Jammin Gerald – ‘Body Heat Track’ 
-JohNick – ‘Planet JohNick’ 
-Trankilou – ‘Atom Funk’ 
-Fantom – ‘Faithfull’ (CK’s Luv Dancer edit) 
-Fantom – ‘Faithfull’ (Prassay [DJ Gregory] remix) 
-Deee-Lite – ‘Good Beat’ (Beatapella) 
-Fade II Black – ‘In-Sync’ 
-Deee-Lite – ‘What Is Love’ (Frenchapella) 
-DBX – ‘Live Wire’ 
-Robert Hood – ‘Museum’ 
-DJ Funk – ‘Move Your Body’ 
-Parris Mitchell – ‘Bitches & Money’ 
-Tyree – ‘Acid Crash’ rx 
-Kraftwerk – ‘Music Non Stop’ 
-Sync – ‘Mail’ 
-Sparks/Giorgio Moroder – ‘Beat The Clock’ (Canadian edit) 
-R-Tyme – ‘Use Me’ (Carl Craig remix) 
-The Underground Solution – ‘Luv Dancin” (Roger Sanchez’s In Deep Mix) 
-JohNick – ‘Play the World’ 
-KRS-One – ‘Jack of Spades’ 
-Gil Scott Heron – ‘Corners’ (Cristal edit) 
-Ant Banks – ‘Packin’ a Gun’ 
-Kenny Dixon Jr – ‘Yesterdays’ 
-Herbie Hancock – ‘You Bet Your Love’ 
-John Carpenter – ‘The End’/Afrika Bambaata – ‘Bambaata’s Theme’ 
-Zapp – ‘More Bounce to the Ounce’ 
-George Clinton – ‘Loopzilla’ 
-S’Express – ‘Theme from S’Express’ 
-Phantom of the Paradise excerpt 
-Don Ray/Cerrone – ‘Got To Have Loving’/First Choice – ‘Let No Man Put Asunder’ 
-Daft Punk – ‘Fresh’ (Video excerpt) 
-Jan Hammer – ‘Crockett’s Theme’ 
-Tangerine Dream – ‘Love on a Real Train’ 
-‘Guy-Manuel’s Tangerine Dream’ 
- 
-<hr> 
-[[Rob 'Roy' Raindorf]] (13th of May 1949 in Accra, [[Ghana]]), he is probably best-known for the musical composition "[[Make It Fast, Make It Slow]]". 
-<hr> 
-"[[L'estetica futurista della guerra]]", and it appeared in "[[Stile Futurista]]", #13-14, Nov 13-14, 1935 (Turin), eds. Fillia and Enrico Prampolini, a magazine for the arts. 
- 
-<hr> 
-:"Even though [[Saint Peter's Basilica]] in Rome and the [[Pyramids of Egypt]] are the sole examples that [[Kant]] offers in his ''[[Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime|Analytic of the Sublime]]'', it is not too difficult to." 
-<hr> 
-"Lyotard's theoretical work on the sublime was disseminated broadly through timely translation into English and German. ... essays “[[The Sublime and the Avant-Garde]]” (1984), “[[Newman: The Instant]]” (1984), and “[[After the Sublime, the State of Aesthetics]]" (1987), all in ''[[The Inhuman]]''..." 
- 
-[[Lessons on the Analytic of the Sublime]] 
- 
-<hr> 
- 
-[[Francis Robertello]]'s edition of [[Longinus]]'s ''[[On the Sublime]]'' (1554) appeared just before his edition of the Poetics (1558),  
-<hr> 
-"[[The mind is a metaphor of the world of objects]]" is a dictum by [[Pierre Bourdieu]]". 
- 
-:"[[The mind is a metaphor of the world of objects]] which is itself but an endless circle of mutually reflecting metaphors. All the symbolic manipulations of body experience, starting with displacements within a mythically structured space, e.g. the .."[https://books.google.be/books?id=WvhSEMrNWHAC&pg=PA91&dq=%22The+mind+is+a+metaphor+of+the+world+of+objects%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj104C6w8fRAhWBuhoKHWkpA1MQ6AEIGjAA#v=onepage&q=%22The%20mind%20is%20a%20metaphor%20of%20the%20world%20of%20objects%22&f=false] 
- 
-<hr> 
-''[[Point de fuite]]''[https://vimeo.com/107889780] (1987) is a Belgian film directed by [[Olivier Smolders]] starring [[Catherine Aymerie]]. <hr> 
-:"The landmark event that launched what is now broadly called ‘[[cognitive science]]’ was the publication of ''[[Language and Communication]]'' (1951) by the psychologist George Miller. "[https://aeon.co/essays/your-brain-does-not-process-information-and-it-is-not-a-computer] 
-<hr> 
-[[Stefano Bollani]] / [[Hamilton De Holanda]] ‎– [[O Que Será]] 
-<hr> 
-And the first [[Deaths in 2017|dead person of 2017]] is [[John Berger]] (1926 – 2017). 
- 
-:"Men dream of women. Women dream of themselves being dreamt of. Men look at women. Women watch themselves being looked at." ... "Women constantly meet glances which act like [[mirrors]] reminding them of how they look or how they should look." --''[[Ways of Seeing]]'' 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-A new year, a new collection of [[2017 in public domain|works in the public domain as of today]]. 
- 
-Image: ''[[Le Vertige (L'escalier magique)]]'' 
-<hr> 
-[[Unidentified photo by Jacques-André Boiffard featured on the cover of some editions of Michel Foucault's Discipline and Punish]][http://jahsonic.tumblr.com/post/155291216536/this-is-the-photo-by-jacques-andr%C3%A9-boiffard-which] is the photo by [[Jacques-André Boiffard]] which is used on some editions of [[Michel Foucault]]'s ''[[Discipline and Punish]]'' and on some editions of ''[[Psychopathia Sexualis]]''. 
- 
-Google Images does not as of yet recognize the image. 
- 
-By the way, happy new year! 
-<hr> 
-[[Husserl on Empfindnisse]] 
-<hr> 
-[[Gotthold Ephraim Lessing]] - Wikipedia 
-https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gotthold_Ephraim_Lessing 
-De Ringparabel in Lessings [[Nathan der Weise]] zou begin 21ste eeuw de Duitse filosoof Peter Sloterdijk inspireren voor delen van zijn [[Gottes Eifer]] (2007, .. 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-:"One might add that the philosophical tradition is replete with imagined scenarios and [[thought experiment]]s: from [[Cave allegory|Plato's Cave]] or the [[Chariot Allegory|Winged Charioteer]] to [[Avicenna's flying man]], [[Evil demon|Descartes's genius malignus]], [[Master-Slave Dialectic|Hegel's Master-Slave Dialectic]], [[Nietzsche's Madman]], [[Veil of ignorance|Rawls' Veil of Ignorance]], [[Mary's Room|Frank Jackson's Mary]] and [[What Is it Like to Be a Bat?|Thomas Nagel's Bat]]." --''[[The Iconic Imagination]]'', [[Douglas Hedley]] 
- 
-<hr> 
- 
-In [[2017]], it will have been 400 years since the series ''[[Capricci di varie figure]]'' by Jacques Callot saw the light of day. 
- 
-In Wikimedia there are two prints of this series:  
- 
-*A Peasant Removing his Shoes [https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:A_Peasant_Removing_his_Shoes_LACMA_M.86.177.2.jpg]  
-*Shepherd Playing a Flute [https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Shepherd_Playing_a_Flute_LACMA_M.83.318.11.jpg] 
- 
-A remarkable print is: 
- 
-*''[[Landscape with, in the foreground, on the l, a crouched peasant, defecating and urinating]]'' [http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details/collection_image_gallery.aspx?assetId=114288001&objectId=1556836&partId=1], which is a possible inspiration for Rembrandt's ''[[Woman Under A Tree]]''. 
- 
-*Title plate with two satyrs  
-<hr> 
-''[[The Suicide of Seneca]]''[https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Manuel_Dom%C3%ADnguez_S%C3%A1nchez_-_El_suicidio_de_S%C3%A9neca.jpg?] (1871, [[Museo del Prado]]) is a painting by [[Manuel Domínguez Sánchez]]. 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-''[[Fascinated (Man Ray)|Fascinated]]'' (1922) [[Man Ray]] 
- 
-[[Mannequin]] in [[rope bondage]]. 
- 
-Image found on the net. From unknown book. The original is up there too. 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-:"old argument against [[representationalism]] returns, which again seems to shut us up within our own consciousness. Pure subjective idealism, which admits no real existence beyond our own consciousness, is beset with difficulties on the one" 
- 
-[[John Daniel Morell]], ''[[An historical and critical view of the speculative philosophy of Europe in the nineteenth century]]'' 
- 
-<hr> 
-[[Kriminalgeschichte des Christentums]] 
-<hr> 
- 
-:"The economist [[Joseph S. Berliner|Joseph Berliner]] reportedly said half-jokingly that in the real world companies are not driven by the "invisible hand" as much as by the "[[invisible foot]]." This is like saying that a company, say Xerox, isn't ..." --The China Business Review, Volume 11, 1984 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-[[Project for Door (After Gaetano Pesce)]] (2015) is a [[sculpture]] by [[Anthea Hamilton]] which won [[Turner Prize]] in 2016. 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-''[[Paris Kiosk]]''[https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jean_B%C3%A9raud_-_Paris_Kiosk_-_Walters_371055.jpg] 
-<hr> 
-:Mardi 16 juin. — Toutes les fois que j’ai été au [[Jardin des Plantes]], j’ai été frappé de la rencontre, qu’on y fait de femmes, bizarres, originales, excentriques, exotiques, inclassables, et que le contact avec [[l’animalité de l’endroit]] semble disposer aux aventures de l’amour physique. 
- 
-:Aujourd’hui a paru ''[[Outamaro, le peintre des MAISONS VERTES]]''.[https://fr.wikisource.org/wiki/Page:Goncourt_-_Journal,_t8,_1895.djvu/257] 
-::--''[[Journal des Goncourt]]'' 
- 
-<hr> 
- 
-:''It may interest readers of [[Zola]]'s ''[[L'Oeuvre]]'' to learn about one of the characters, who perforce sat for his portrait in that clever novel (a direct imitation of Goncourt's [[Manette Salomon]]). [[Paul Cézanne]] bitterly resented the liberty taken by his old school friend Zola. They both hailed from [[Aix-en-Provence |Aix]], in [[Provence]]. Zola went up to Paris; Cézanne remained in his birthplace but finally persuaded his father to let him study art at the capital.'' 
- 
-<hr> 
-[[Bulova Accutron]] watch as shown in the first vignette of the film ''[[Immoral Tales (film)|Contes immoraux]]'' (1974) by Walerian Borowczyk. 
- 
-<hr> 
-:fifth~century c.E. appendix ([[Uttara Sthana]]) to the SS,159 [[Putana]] is described as “black in color, with a gaping mouth and projecting teeth and disheveled hair, ... --via [[Surreal Documents]] 
- 
-<hr> 
-:"For the last century, [[the arts]] have not had the [[beautiful]] as their main concern, but something which has to do with the [[sublime]]." --''[[The Inhuman: Reflections on Time]]'' 
- 
-<hr> 
-[[Les « romans durs » de Simenon]] 
-<hr> 
-''[[How to Write]]'' (1931) is a book by [[Gertrude Stein]]. 
- 
-<hr> 
-"300 el x 50 el x 30 el" by [[FC Bergman]] is a retelling of [[the flood]]. 
- 
-<hr> 
-[[Romanian National Opera, Timișoara]] 
-<hr> 
- 
-[[Oudeis hekon hamartanei]] ([[Protagoras]] 345e). 
-<hr> 
- 
-Vrouwen van onder de vijftig klagen dat hun mannen te snel klaarkomen, eens boven de vijftig klagen ze dat hun mannen geen stijve meer kunnen krijgen. 
-<hr> 
-De meeste vrouwen vinden alle mannen viezerikken behalve de hunne, de meeste mannen daarentegen, vinden alle vrouwen aantrekkelijk behalve de hunne. 
-<hr> 
-In a defense of [[enactivism]], [[representationalism]] is shunned. Representationalism reminds me of Chomsky's [[universal grammar]] (and this in turn reminds me of [[Stanislas Dehaene]]'s experiment on the [[number sense in animals]]) Where does Chomsky think the universal grammar originates, if not in evolution. Was it a [[quantum leap]], some sort of miracle? I am reminded of the [[dog food]] anecdote in which was argued that [[people don't just eat food, but also words]]. I would say that they do not eat words, but [[mental content]]. 
- 
-Is enactivism not a new version of [[psychological behaviourism]]? 
- 
-[[Mental representation]] and the [[Wittgenstein's rule following paradox]] 
-<hr> 
-In ''[[Astronomiae Pars Optica]]'' [[Johannes Kepler]] also extended his study of optics to the human eye, and is generally considered by neuroscientists to be the first to recognize that images are projected inverted and reversed by the [[Lens (anatomy)|eye's lens]] onto the [[retina]]. The solution to this dilemma was not of particular importance to Kepler as he did not see it as pertaining to optics, although he did suggest that the image was later corrected "in the hollows of the brain" due to the "activity of the Soul."  
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-:Freud's six papers on cocaine (1884e, 1885a, 1885b, 1885e, 1885f, and 1887a) have been translated into English under the title ''[[Cocaine Papers]]'' (Freud 19740). [[Bernfeld]]'s (1953) valuable study, together with extracts from Freud's letters, ...[https://books.google.be/books?id=B7XcblnI620C&pg=PA25&dq=%22Cocaine+Papers%22&hl=nl&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiuheG45cjQAhVL5xoKHZY_AfIQ6AEIdTAM#v=onepage&q=%22Cocaine%20Papers%22&f=false] 
- 
-<hr> 
- 
-RIP [[André Ruellan]] 
- 
-''[[Manuel du savoir-mourir]]'' (1963, Horay) is a book by [[André Ruellan]] and [[Roland Topor]]. 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-''[[Grondige studie filosofie van de kunst]]'' (2016) 
- 
-* [[Rancière]] Is er iets dat onrepresenteerbaar is.pdf (1,423 MB) 
-* [[Lyotard]] Le sublime et l'avant-garde.pdf (862,018 kB) 
-* Rancière Lyotard et l'esthétique de sublime.pdf (2,496 MB) 
-* Ranciere - Lyotard en de esthetiek van het sublieme.pdf (784,204 kB) 
-* Ranciere - Lyotard and the Aesthetics of the Sublime.pdf (2,365 MB) 
-* [[Lyotard]] Het sublieme en de avantgarde.pdf (1,307 MB) 
-* [[Adorno]] Asthetische Theorie pp. 334-355.pdf (844,005 kB) 
-* [[Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe]] La fiction du politique hoofdstuk 7.pdf (1.022,21 kB) 
-* Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe Fiction of the Political pp. 61-104.pdf (2,614 MB) 
-* [[Adorno]] Asthetic Theory pp. 225-237.pdf (1,372 MB) 
-* [[Benjamin]] het kunstwerk.pdf (6,108 MB) 
-* [[Heidegger]] [[The Origin of the Work of Art]] 
-* [[Schiller]] [[On the Aesthetic Education of Man ]] 
- 
-<hr> 
-έν διαφέρειν έαυτώ ([[hen diapheron heauto]] 
- 
-<hr> 
-[[The Reading Room by Johann Peter Hasenclever]] 
-<hr> 
-''[[Un nouveau dans la ville]]'' at first appears to be a variation on the theme 'evil/mysterious visitor' (cfr Pasolini's ''[[Teorema (film)|Teorema]]'' and François Ozon's ''[[Sitcom (film)|Sitcom]]'') but is not. 
- 
-This is how it works, a [[stranger]] comes to town, you start to sympathize with him despite of his awkwardness, you start feeling sorry for him. You think that the whole town will be punished because of the stranger. In the end, it appears that the man is not as harmless as you think and he is shot by the mafia. 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-''[[La Fiction du politique]]'' is a text by [[Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe]], available in English as ''Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe, Heidegger, Art, and Politics: The Fiction of the Political''. 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
- 
-Like most other sociologists of religion of his day, Berger once predicted the all-encompassing [[secularization]] of the world. He has admitted to his own miscalculations about secularization, concluding that the existence of resurgent religiosity in the modernised world has proven otherwise. In ''[[The Desecularization of the World]]'', he cites both Western academia and Western Europe itself as exceptions to the triumphant desecularization hypothesis: that these cultures have remained highly secularized despite the resurgence of religion in the rest of the world. Berger finds that his and most sociologists' misconsensus about secularisation may have been the result of their own bias as members of academia, which is a largely atheist concentration of people. 
- 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-:"In 2005 Habermas delivered a lecture on the occasion of the Holberg prize which then became an article in 2006. See “[[Religion in the public sphere]]” by J. Habermas, in European Journal of Philosophy 14: 1-25. The core of that essay is that “secular citizens in Europe must learn to live, the sooner the better, in a [[post-secular society]] and in so doing they will be following the example of religious citizens, who have already come to terms with the ethical expectations of democratic citizenship. So far secular citizens have not been expected to make a similar effort.”" [http://www.conservapedia.com/Desecularization] 
- 
-<hr> 
-:''[[Encounters between Analytic and Continental Philosophy]]'' 
-<hr> 
-En 1889, [[Max Müller]],auteur de ''[[Natural Religions]]'', qualifie le fétichisme de « culte des brimborions » (babioles). À proprement parler, le fétiche est considéré 
- 
-<hr> 
-Furthering my previous post on "places that cannot be left"("[[The Captives of Longjumeau]]" and ''[[The Exterminating Angel (film)|The Exterminating Angel]]''), I remembered the book ''[[Krabat]]'' which I read as a child, about a young boy who winds up in a mill from which it is impossible to escape. Everyone who tries to run away wades through swamps all night, only to find himself (at dawn) back at the gates of that very same mill. 
- 
-And by coincidence, yesterday, I watched the absurdist/surreal film ''[[Woman in the Dunes]]''. Its male protagonist is trapped by local villagers into living with a woman whose life task is shoveling sand for them. 
- 
-It's an excellent film, one of my [[World Cinema Classics]]. 
- 
-<hr> 
-"[[Dogville]]" reminds me of "[[Woman in the Dunes]]" In both films the protagonist is held against his will. [[locked up]] 
-<hr> 
-[[Saksaywaman]], [[Stonehenge]], the [[Egyptian pyramids]] 
-<hr> 
-:"The first European explorer of [[Tiahuanacu]] in modern times, [[Ephraim George Squier]] ( The Primeval Monuments of Peru, 1853) was amazed to find in the windswept and barren place, at an elevation of almost four kilometers, the remains of monumental stone structures, large carved monoliths, statues representing giantlike unusual male beings, long conduits, subterranean tunnels. Why, he wondered, would anyone haul heavy stone boulders, erect immense buildings, or carve all that, in such a forbidding and almost lifeless place?"[https://archive.org/stream/JourneysToTheMythicalPast/Journeys%20To%20The%20Mythical%20Past_djvu.txt] 
- 
-<hr> 
- 
-Het begin van het [[legaliteitsbeginsel]] v 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-The biographical tradition is littered with apocryphal tales about [[Bodhidharma]]'s life and circumstances. In one version of the story, he is said to have fallen asleep seven years into his nine years of wall-gazing. Becoming angry with himself, he cut off his eyelids to prevent it from happening again. According to the legend, as his eyelids hit the floor the first [[Camellia sinensis|tea plants]] sprang up, and thereafter [[tea]] would provide a stimulant to help keep students of Chan awake during [[zazen]]. 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-[[Captain Fantastic (film)]] 
-<hr> 
-Dave Lubich[https://davidlubich.net/2016/01/01/about-me/] of ''[[Soul Underground]]''[https://davidlubich.net/soul-underground/] was kind enough to send me a copy of ''[[Catch the Beat|Catch the Beat: The best of Soul Underground 1987-91]]'' (2010). This 440-page book contains a selection of features, interviews, charts and news stories from each of Soul Underground's 38 issues.  
- 
-The book is a blast for lovers of [[black music]] and [[electronic dance music]]. 
- 
-I especially like the charts. 
- 
-Dave Lubich first came to my attention when he wrote " 
-Too Blind To See It: Discovering The Roots Of House Music"[https://davidlubich.net/2014/02/03/too-blind/] an excellent article on [[homophobia in black music]]. 
-<hr> 
-[[The same town as catholic in 1440 and protestant in 1840 (Contrasts, Pugin)]] 
- 
-Image from Pugin's ''[[Contrasts]]''. 
- 
-The catholic town is beautiful and bucolic, the protestant town ugly and industrial. The [[protestant work ethic]] makes itself evident. And also protestantism disavowal of beauty. 
- 
-Tip of the hat to [[Alain de Botton]]'s ''[[Religion for Atheists]]''. 
-<hr> 
-"[[Black History]]" is a poem by [[Gil Scott-Heron]]. 
- 
-Excerpt: 
-:First, white folks discovered Africa  
-:and they claimed it fair and square.  
-:[[Cecil Rhodes]] couldn't have been robbing nobody  
-:'cause he said there was nobody there.  
- 
-<hr> 
-[[User:Jahsonic/I'm still stumbling]].  
- 
-Both ''[[The Phantom of Liberty]]'' (Luis Buñuel, 1974) and ''[[God Told Me To]]'' (Larry Cohen, 1976) feature a scene in which a [[sniper]] shoots innocent strangers from a [[highrise]]. Both scenes are probably inspired by [[Charles Whitman]]'s [[spree killing]] in Texas in 1966. 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-:... and he deliberated and said, half good-naturedly and half ironically, "Old [[Lampe]] must have a God, otherwise the poor fellow can't be happy. But man ought to ...--''The Romantic School and Other Essays: Heinrich Heine' 
- 
- 
-<hr> 
-[[Husserl and the ineffable]] 
- 
-<hr> 
-“[[Platzhalter des Nichts]]” 
- 
-<hr> 
-The "[[Davos Dispute]]" and the "[[La Philosophie Analytique]]". 
- 
-<hr> 
-:... as transcendental, appeared very early to Husserl as inaccessible to a direct, univocal, and rigorous language. Subjectivity is fundamentally ineffable. Already ... 
-::--''[[Edmund Husserl's Origin of Geometry: An Introduction]]'' (1978) by Jacques Derrida  
- 
-<hr> 
-Consider for instance [[Husserl]]'s discussion in ''[[Ideas II]]'' of the effects of consuming the [[anthelmintic]] drug [[santonin]] (Husserl 1989, 67–69)  
-<hr> 
-I recently met a woman who is into [[conspiracy theories]]. I'm not fond of conspiracy theories (think the [[Zeitgeist (film)|Zeitgeist]] rubbish). Why invent injustice when the world is riddled with very real injustice already? By coincidence (or was it? haha) a week later, I stumbled upon "[[Living in an Unreal World]]"[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PtjfoEvsR9w] by famed and brilliant documentary maker [[Adam Curtis]], whose ''[[The Trap (TV series)|The Trap]]'',''[[The Century of the Self]]'' and ''[[The Power of Nightmares]]'' I had seen and admired. So I decided to check some of his recent work. 
- 
-And so it came about that yesterday I watched [[Bitter Lake (film)|''Bitter Lake'']] and for the first time I was disappointed by Curtis' work. It struck me as an arty and well executed conspiracy theory film. 
- 
-So I googled "conspiracy theory" and "Adam Curtis" and found this "[[The Loving Trap]]"[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x1bX3F7uTrg], a ''Bitter Lake'' spoof by a certain Ben Woodhams who described ''Bitter Lake'' as the ‘televisual equivalent of a drunken late night Wikipedia binge with pretension for narrative coherence’. I see his point but remain a loving fan of Curtis' work. 
- 
-<hr> 
-[[Let's be realistic and do the impossible]] --[[Che Guevara]] 
-<hr> 
-[[The Age of Anxiety]] - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 
-https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Age_of_Anxiety 
-Vertaal deze pagina 
-The Age of Anxiety: A Baroque Eclogue (1947; first UK edition, 1948) is a long poem in six parts ... Princeton University Press in 2011. "The Age of Anxiety" is also the title of the first chapter of [[The Wisdom of Insecurity]] by Alan Watts (1951). 
-<hr> 
- 
-RIP [[Jagoda Kaloper]], 69, Croatian actress (''[[W.R.: Mysteries of the Organism]]''). 
- 
-Above, a shot of that film. Or a promotional shot. 
- 
-<hr> 
- 
-"[[If you still have to ask, shame on you]]" is a [[dictum]] by [[Louis Armstrong]], cited after [[Max Jones]] et. al.: "[[Salute to Satchmo]]", I.P.C. Specialist & Professional Press Ltd 1970, page 25, often falsely cited as "Man, if you have to ask what jazz is, you'll never know." 
- 
-<hr> 
-[[Fantastique !]] was the title of a double exhibit at the [[Petit Palais]] in 2015. 
- 
-I missed it. 
-  
-<hr> 
-[[Soundtracks (Can album)]] 
-"[[Soul Desert]]" (from the film [[Mädchen... nur mit Gewalt]], 1970, dir. Roger Fritz. Cited on album sleeve as "Mädchen mit Gewalt"), Czukay, Karoli, ... 
-<hr> 
-"[[Poetry USA]]" series features [[Michael McClure]] reading his [[Ghost Tantras]] in the lion house of the [[San Francisco Zoo]] 
-<hr> 
-:"Il faut respecter le noir. Rien ne le prostitue. Il ne plaît pas aux yeux et n'éveille aucune sensualité. Il est agent de l'esprit bien plus que la belle couleur de la palette ou du prisme." -[[Redon]], from his autobio 
- 
-: "One must respect [[black]]. Nothing prostitutes it. It does not please the eye and it awakens no sensuality. It is the agent of the mind far more than the most beautiful color to the palette or prism." 
- 
-<hr> 
-Best bookshop in the world ''[[Un Regard Moderne]]'' , photographed [[October 2, 2016|yesterday]]. Notice the two roses commemorating the recent death of owner [[Jacques Noël]].  
- 
-<hr> 
-"[[Het lelijkste land ter wereld]]" (1968, English: The ugliest country in the world) is a book-length essay by Belgian architect [[Renaat Braem]], an accusation against the devastating effects of town and country planning in post-war Belgium. 
-<hr> 
-[[Nobody Likes An Angry Bunny]] by [[Orquesta Tanguedia]] 
-<hr> 
-[[Taka takata (La femme du Toréro)]] – 
-Le cheval de fer CBS Reissued two times in 1972 with alternate sleeves. 
-<HR> 
-"[[Bellevue Venus]]"[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lymphatic_filariasis#/media/File:Elephanti.jpg] [[Oscar G. Mason]]'s portrait of a woman with [[elephantiasis]].  
-<hr> 
-[[King of Devil's Island]] 
-<HR> 
-[[Havenhuis (Antwerpen)]] 
-<hr> 
-"relatief gezien is de mens het meest mislukte dier, het ziekelijkste, het van zijn instinct gevaarlijkst afgewekene — maar met dat alles ook het interessantste!" [[The Antichrist (book)|The Antichrist]] 
-<hr> 
-[[Close To Bone]] uit Langdorp won met de [[Vlooybergtoren]] op de Blereberg in [[Tielt-Winge]] de vijftiende editie van de Benelux Staalwedstrijd 
-<hr> 
-[[21st century]] economic culture is one of [[slavery]], with everyone having two [[micro job]]s to stay alive. 
-<hr> 
-[[Extra City]], is an Antwerp art space located at the [[Eikelstraat]] 31, 2600 Antwerpen. 
-<hr> 
-[[Schmidt pain index]] 
-<hr> 
-[[La Partie d'échecs]] 
-<hr> 
-''[[L'Évidence éternelle]]'' (The Eternally Obvious, 1930) [[Rene Magritte]]. 
- 
-<hr> 
-'''[[Scenius]]''', a contraction of the words '[[scene]]' and '[[genius]]' is a term coined by [[Brian Eno]] in a letter to [[Dave Steward]]. (Eno. 1996)  
-<hr> 
-Please abolish [[freedom of religion]] because it is already covered by [[freedom of speech]] and [[freedom of association]]. 
-<hr> 
-relevante-irrelevante vragentest’, de ‘schuldige kennistest’ en de ‘controle vragentechniek’  
- 
-control question technique (CQT), guilty knowledge technique (David Lykken), the relevant-irrelevant (R&I) technique, 
-<hr> 
-Tegenwezig en afwoordig 
-<hr> 
-"[[Religious wars are basically people killing each other over who has the better imaginary friend]]" is a dictum often attributed to [[Napoleon]]. 
-<hr> 
-[[Five Car Stud]] (1972) [[Edward_Kienholz]] 
-<hr> 
-The very essence of capitalism, according to [[Schumpeter]], was the "perennial gale of [[creative destruction]]". 
- 
-<hr> 
-Met Alain Rylant, Peter Pask, [[Lenn Dauphin]] en zijn zus Eva richtte [[Bjorn Eriksson]] de rockgroep [[Maxon Blewitt]] op in 2002. Zij maakten samen 3 platen. 
- 
-Lenn Dauphin is the son of Frieda Dauphin-Verhees and [[Gerald Dauphin]]. 
-<hr> 
-[[People may say I can't sing, but no one can ever say I didn't sing]] 
-<hr> 
-[[Sonia Rykiel]] 
-<hr> 
-Every woman wearing a [[burqa]] reinforces the message that women not wearing one are sexually available and will lead to more [[sexual violence]] a la the [[mass sexual assaults in Egypt]]. 
-<hr> 
- 
-[[Stranger_in_Paradise_(song)]] [[Stranger Things (TV series)]] 
-<hr> 
-[[op elk potje past een dekseltje]] 
- 
-==See also== 
-*[[User:Jahsonic/Sandbox]] 
-*[[User:Jahsonic/Sandbox archive 1]] 
-*[[User:Jahsonic/Sandbox archive 2]] 
-*[[User:Jahsonic/Sandbox archive 3]] 
-*[[User:Jahsonic/Sandbox archive 4]] 
{{GFDL}} {{GFDL}}

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"A work of art is a thing intended for regard-as-a-work-of-art: regard in any of the ways works of art existing prior to it have been correctly regarded." --"Defining Art Historically", 1979, Jerrold Levinson

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Jerrold Levinson (born 11 July 1948 in Brooklyn) is an American philosopher. He is particularly noted for his work on the aesthetics of music, as well as for his search for meaning and ontology in film, art and humour.

His paper "Defining Art Historically"” (1979) launched the historical theory of art.

On erotica, erotic art and pornography

In Contemplating Art (2006), Levinson included two chapters on erotic art, "What Is Erotic Art?" (1998), and "Erotic Art and Pornographic Pictures" (2005). He co-edited with Hans Maes Art & Pornography: Philosophical Essays (2012).

Levinson also wrote a text on sexual perversion, "Sexual Perversity" (2003).

Philosophy

Levinson's interest in the aesthetics of music has led to an examination of musical ontology from a historical-contextual perspective, and of performance with an emphasis on performing means. He has posited theories of evaluating music and has considered the legitimacy of emotional response in musical appreciation. Within his study of performance he has also examined the distinctness of performing and critical interpretation.

Levinson advocates the position that music has the same relation to thought as does language; i.e., if language is an expression of thought, so is music. This is particularly revealed in his analysis of Wittgenstein's ideas on the meaning in music:

What Wittgenstein is underscoring here about the appreciation of music is this. Music is not understood in a vacuum, as a pure structure of sounds fallen from the stars, one which we receive via some pure faculty of musical perception. Music is rather inextricably embedded in our form of life, a form of life that is, as it happens, essentially linguistic. Thus music is necessarily apprehended, at least in part, in terms of the language and linguistic practices that define us and our world.

This raises interesting points in the debate on absolute music.

Bibliography

  • Music, Art, and Metaphysics, Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1990; 2nd edition, Oxford: Oxford UP, 2011.
  • The Pleasures of Aesthetics, Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1996.
  • Music in the Moment, Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1998.
  • Aesthetics and Ethics, ed., Cambridge UP, 1998.
  • Oxford Handbook of Aesthetics, ed., Oxford UP, 2003.
  • Contemplating Art, Oxford: Oxford UP, 2006.
  • Musical Concerns, Oxford: Oxford UP, 2015.
  • Aesthetic Pursuits, Oxford: Oxford UP, 2016.




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