James McNeill Whistler  

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'''James''' '''Abbott''' '''McNeill Whistler''' ([[July 11]], [[1834]] – [[July 17]], [[1903]]) was an [[United States|American]]-born, [[United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|British]]-based painter and etcher. Averse to sentimentality in painting, he was a leading proponent of the credo "[[art for art's sake]]". He took to signing his paintings with a stylized butterfly, possessing a long stinger for a tail. The symbol was apt, for Whistler's art was characterized by a subtle delicacy, in contrast to his combative public persona. '''James''' '''Abbott''' '''McNeill Whistler''' ([[July 11]], [[1834]] – [[July 17]], [[1903]]) was an [[United States|American]]-born, [[United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|British]]-based painter and etcher. Averse to sentimentality in painting, he was a leading proponent of the credo "[[art for art's sake]]". He took to signing his paintings with a stylized butterfly, possessing a long stinger for a tail. The symbol was apt, for Whistler's art was characterized by a subtle delicacy, in contrast to his combative public persona.
==Ruskin trial== ==Ruskin trial==
-In [[1878]] Whistler sued the critic [[John Ruskin]] for libel after the critic condemned his painting ''[[Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket]]'', writing:+In [[1878]] Whistler sued the critic [[John Ruskin]] for libel after the critic condemned his painting ''[[Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket]]''. Whistler won the case but the trial [[bankrupt]]ed him.
- +
-:For Mr. Whistler's own sake, no less than for the protection of the purchaser, Sir Coutts Lindsay [founder of the [[Grosvenor Gallery]]] ought not to have admitted works into the gallery in which the ill-educated conceit of the artist so nearly approached the aspect of willful imposture. I have seen, and heard, much of Cockney impudence before now; but never expected to hear a [[Wiktionary:coxcomb|coxcomb]] ask two hundred [[Guinea (British coin)|guineas]] for flinging a pot of paint in the public's face+
- +
-Though suing for one thousand pounds plus costs, Whistler won a mere [[History of the farthing|farthing]] in nominal [[damages]]. The cost of the case, together with huge debts from building his residence, "The White House" in [[Tite Street]], [[Chelsea, London|Chelsea]], (designed with [[Edward William Godwin|E. W. Godwin]], 1877–8) bankrupted him.+
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James Abbott McNeill Whistler (July 11, 1834July 17, 1903) was an American-born, British-based painter and etcher. Averse to sentimentality in painting, he was a leading proponent of the credo "art for art's sake". He took to signing his paintings with a stylized butterfly, possessing a long stinger for a tail. The symbol was apt, for Whistler's art was characterized by a subtle delicacy, in contrast to his combative public persona.

Ruskin trial

In 1878 Whistler sued the critic John Ruskin for libel after the critic condemned his painting Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket. Whistler won the case but the trial bankrupted him.



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