Jacques Rancière  

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-Today, in the aftermath of the "[[end of ideology]]", [[Žižek]] is critical of the way political decisions are justified; the way, for example, reductions in social programs are sometimes presented as an apparently 'objective' necessity, though this is no longer a valid basis for political discourse. He sees the current "talk about greater citizen involvement" or "political goals circumscribed within the rubric of the cultural" as having little effectiveness as long as no substantial measures are devised for the long run. But measures such as the "limitation of the freedom of capital" and the "subordination of the manufacturing processes to a mechanism of social control"—these Žižek calls a "radical re-politicization of the economy" (''[[A Plea for Intolerance]]'').+'''Jacques Rancière''' (born [[Algiers]], [[1940]]) is a [[France|French]] [[philosophy|philosopher]] and Emeritus Professor of Philosophy at the [[University of Paris VIII: Vincennes - Saint-Denis|University of Paris (St. Denis)]] who came to prominence when he co-authored ''[[Reading Capital]]'' (1968), with the [[Marxist philosophy|Marxist philosopher]] [[Louis Althusser]].
- +==See also==
-So at present Slavoj Žižek is arguing for a politicization of the economy. For indeed the "tolerant" multicultural impulse, as the dogma of today's liberal society, suppresses the crucial question: How can we reintroduce into the current conditions of globalization the genuine space of the political? He also argues in favor of a "politicization of politics" as a counter balance to [[post-politics]]. In the area of political decision making in a democratic context he criticizes the two-party system that is dominant in some countries as a political form of a "post-political era", as a manifestation of a possibility of choice that in reality does not exist.+*[[Aesthetics and Its Discontents]]
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-Politicization is thus for him present whenever "a particular demand begins to function as a representative of the impossible universal". Žižek sees [[class struggle]] not as localized objective determinations, as a social position vis-à-vis capital but rather as lying in a "radically subjective" position: the proletariat is the living, "embodied contradiction". Only through [[particularism]] in the political struggle can any [[universalism]] emerge. Fighting for workers interests often appears discredited today ("indeed in this domain the workers themselves only wish to implement their own interests, they fight only for themselves and not for the whole"). The problem is how to foster a politicizing politics in the age of [[post-politics]]. Particular demands, acting as a "metaphorical condensation", would thus aim at something transcendent, a genuine reconstruction of the social framework. Žižek, following [[Jacques Ranciere]], sees the real political conflict as being that between an ordered structure of society and those without a place in it, the "part that has no part" in anything but nonetheless causes the structure to falter, because it refers to -- i.e. embodies -- an "empty principle" of the "universal".+
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-The very fact that a society is not easily divided into classes, that there is no "simple structural trait" for it, that for instance the "middle class" is also intensely fought over by a [[populism]] of the right, is a sign of this struggle. Otherwise "class antagonism would be completely symbolized" and no longer both impossible and real at the same time ("impossible/real"). His solution to capitalism is a rapid repoliticization of the economy.+
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Jacques Rancière (born Algiers, 1940) is a French philosopher and Emeritus Professor of Philosophy at the University of Paris (St. Denis) who came to prominence when he co-authored Reading Capital (1968), with the Marxist philosopher Louis Althusser.

See also

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