History of Europe  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

The history of Europe describes the human events that have taken place on the continent of Europe. From prehistoric to modern times. Europe has had a turbulent, cultured, and much documented history.

The traditional division of European history is into three "ages": the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages and Modern Times.


European history began with the prehistoric settlement of homo erectus, Neanderthal Man, and Modern Humans. Eventually this was followed by the culture filled eras of the Hellenistic period of democratic Greece and the Roman Empire.


The Middle Ages (or Dark Ages) were marked by feudalism and were previously thought to include a decline in culture(this is now being debated). The following Renaissance period highlighted a time of highly civilized and cultured European society. European power continued throughout the 16th and 17th centuries. This new power transferred from the mediterranean powers (i.e. Greece and Rome) to the powers of the Atlantic (i.e Spain, France, England). this transfer was brought on by, and further strengthened by, the colonization of the Americas, Africa, and Asia...

Throughout Europe's history, many major wars between the competing powers of the continent took place. wars such as the 100 Years War, 30 Years War, and Napoleonic Wars often disrupted and destroyed the countries involved. This destruction continued in the 20th century as the two world wars weakened Europe and the following Cold War created a violent tension in Europe, which became a battleground of the Cold War. The creation of the European Union, however, has strengthened Europe, especially following the fall of the Soviet Union, and the continent is developing as a world power.

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "History of Europe" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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