Hebrews  

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-'''Hebrew''' is a [[West Semitic languages|West Semitic language]] of the [[Afroasiatic languages|Afroasiatic language family]]. Historically, it is regarded as the [[Jewish languages|language]] of the [[Hebrews]]/[[Israelites]] and their ancestors. Other Jewish languages originated among [[Jewish Diaspora|diaspora Jews]]. The Hebrew language was also used by non-Jewish groups, such as the ethnically related [[Samaritans]]. Hebrew had ceased to be an everyday spoken language by around 200 [[Common era|CE]], and survived into the medieval period only as the language of Jewish liturgy and rabbinical literature. Then in the 19th century it was revived as a spoken and literary language, and according to [[Ethnologue]], is now the language of 5.3 million people worldwide, mainly in [[Israel]].+'''Hebrews''' is an [[ethnonym]] used in the [[Tanakh]] (Hebrew Bible). It is mostly taken as synonymous with the [[Semitic]] [[Israelites]], especially in the pre-[[United Monarchy|monarchic]] period when they were still [[nomads|nomadic]], but in some instances it may also be used in a wider sense, referring to the [[Phoenicians]], or to other ancient groups, such as the group known as [[Shasu|Shasu of ''Yhw'']] on the eve of the [[Bronze Age collapse]].
== See also == == See also ==
-* [[Biblical Hebrew phonology]]+* [[Jews]]
-* [[Cantillation]]+* [[Israelites]]
-* [[Cursive Hebrew]]+* [[Semitic peoples]]
-* [[Hebraization of English]]+* [[Israeli Jews]]
-* [[Hebrew acronyms]]+
-* [[Hebrew alphabet]]+
-* [[Hebrew literature]]+
-* [[Jewish languages]]+
-* [[Modern Hebrew phonology]]+
-* [[Revival of the Hebrew language]]+
-* [[Romanization of Hebrew]]+
-* [[Study of the Hebrew language]]+
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Hebrews is an ethnonym used in the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible). It is mostly taken as synonymous with the Semitic Israelites, especially in the pre-monarchic period when they were still nomadic, but in some instances it may also be used in a wider sense, referring to the Phoenicians, or to other ancient groups, such as the group known as Shasu of Yhw on the eve of the Bronze Age collapse.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Hebrews" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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