Gridnik  

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-'''Fodor''' is a [[geometrical]] [[typeface]] designed by [[Netherlands|Dutch]] [[graphic design]]er and [[List of type designers|type designer]] [[Wim Crouwel]], around 1973.+'''Gridnik''' is a [[geometrical]] [[typeface]] designed by [[Netherlands|Dutch]] [[graphic design]]er [[Wim Crouwel]], in 1974. It is the digital version of the typewriter typeface ''Olivetti Politene''.
-== History ==+==History==
-Fodor was designed for the covers of the magazine published by [[Museum Fodor]] in [[Amsterdam]]. The main text on the covers were set with an electric [[typewriter]], and the [[monospaced font|monospace]]d typeface that it used created strong horizontal and vertical lines. Crouwel made these visible by using a regular pattern of pink dots on an orange background. He then used this grid to draw the letters ''fodor'' and a set of numbers. Later, a complete alphabet was developed from the wordmark.+Around 1974, Crouwel was commissioned by [[typewriter]] manufacturer [[Olivetti]] to design a [[typeface]] for their new electric typewriters. The result was a [[sans serif]] monoline (all lines are of equal thickness) typeface. Olivetti called it ''Politene''. All characters are based on a square grid, with the 45-degree corners. Before Crouwel could finish the design, the interest for electric typewriters declined, so much so that they did not need the type design anymore. As a consequence, the [[copyright]]s of the design went back to Crouwel. At the same time they commissioned Crouwel, they asked [[Josef Müller-Brockmann]] to design a typeface as well.
-== Digital Fodor==+== Number Postage Stamps ==
-The digital version of Fodor was digitized by the [[type foundry]] ''The Foundry'' in London. It is part of the ''{{sic|hide=y|Architype}} 3 Crouwel'' collection. Other typefaces in this collection are {{sic|hide=y|Architype}} [[Gridnik (typeface)|Gridnik]], {{sic|hide=y|Architype}} [[New Alphabet (typeface)|New Alphabet]], {{sic|hide=y|Architype}} Stedelijk and {{sic|hide=y|Architype}} Catalogue.+The most notable use of Gridnik was on a series of Number Postage Stamps for the Dutch [[Postal, telegraph and telephone service|PTT]], designed in the same period as the Olivetti commission. He drew a special version of ''Politene'', consisting of the word ''nederland'' and the numerals. These stamps were in circulation from 1976 to 2002.
 + 
 +== Digital Gridnik ==
 +The digital version of Gridnik was digitized from the original drawings by the [[type foundry]] ''The Foundry'' in London. Originally, it only consisted of one font – as part of the ''{{sic|hide=y|Architype}} 3 Crouwel'' collection – but it was later expanded with a light a medium and a [[boldface|bold]]. This version is called ''Foundry Gridnik''. The name ''Gridnik'' was chosen by The Foundry because of the nickname given to Crouwel by his friends, ''Mr. Gridnik'', for his frequent use of [[grid (graphic design)|grids]] in his designs. Other typefaces in the ''{{sic|hide=y|Architype}} 3 Crouwel'' collection are {{sic|hide=y|Architype}} [[Fodor (typeface)|Fodor]], {{sic|hide=y|Architype}} [[New Alphabet (typeface)|New Alphabet]], {{sic|hide=y|Architype}} Stedelijk and {{sic|hide=y|Architype}} Catalogue.
===Other typefaces by Crouwel=== ===Other typefaces by Crouwel===
-* [[Gridnik (typeface)|Gridnik]]+* [[Fodor (typeface)|Fodor]]
* [[New Alphabet (typeface)|New Alphabet]] * [[New Alphabet (typeface)|New Alphabet]]
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Gridnik is a geometrical typeface designed by Dutch graphic designer Wim Crouwel, in 1974. It is the digital version of the typewriter typeface Olivetti Politene.

Contents

History

Around 1974, Crouwel was commissioned by typewriter manufacturer Olivetti to design a typeface for their new electric typewriters. The result was a sans serif monoline (all lines are of equal thickness) typeface. Olivetti called it Politene. All characters are based on a square grid, with the 45-degree corners. Before Crouwel could finish the design, the interest for electric typewriters declined, so much so that they did not need the type design anymore. As a consequence, the copyrights of the design went back to Crouwel. At the same time they commissioned Crouwel, they asked Josef Müller-Brockmann to design a typeface as well.

Number Postage Stamps

The most notable use of Gridnik was on a series of Number Postage Stamps for the Dutch PTT, designed in the same period as the Olivetti commission. He drew a special version of Politene, consisting of the word nederland and the numerals. These stamps were in circulation from 1976 to 2002.

Digital Gridnik

The digital version of Gridnik was digitized from the original drawings by the type foundry The Foundry in London. Originally, it only consisted of one font – as part of the Template:Sic 3 Crouwel collection – but it was later expanded with a light a medium and a bold. This version is called Foundry Gridnik. The name Gridnik was chosen by The Foundry because of the nickname given to Crouwel by his friends, Mr. Gridnik, for his frequent use of grids in his designs. Other typefaces in the Template:Sic 3 Crouwel collection are Template:Sic Fodor, Template:Sic New Alphabet, Template:Sic Stedelijk and Template:Sic Catalogue.

Other typefaces by Crouwel




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