God the Father  

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-'''''The Garden of Earthly Delights''''' is the center panel of a [[triptych]] by [[Dutch painter]] [[Hieronymus Bosch]]. Painted around [[1504]], ''The Garden of Earthly Delights'' is his best-known work. It depicts the [[Creation according to Genesis|Creation of Earth]] and the infiltration of [[sin]] into mankind. ''The Garden of Earthly Delights'' in its entirety can be read from exterior to interior and then left to right, featuring a full [[narrative]]. Chronologically, the creation of the world becomes imparted onto the creation of Man, followed by earthly sin, culminating in [[damnation]]. The left interior panel of [[Garden of Eden|Eden]] depicts [[animal]]s living together with [[human]]s without interaction. Curiously, [[death]] exists, exemplified by a cat carrying a mouse and a [[lion]] eating a deer or [[antelope]]. Moving to the center panel, animals and humans begin to coexist and intermingle. On the right side, animals [[torture]] humans, completing a transformation of “simple” creatures into [[anthropomorphic]] superiors.  
-''The Garden of Earthly Delights'' is an [[oil painting]] on wood panels. The exterior shutters are [[grisaille]] on panel. The centre panel measures 220 by 195 [[centimetre|cm]], and the wings measure 220 by 95 [[centimetre|cm]]. Although the triptych format was standard for church [[altarpiece]]s at the time, it is likely that ''The Garden of Earthly Delights'' was produced for the [[private enjoyment]] of a noble family. 
-It is currently hangs in the [[Museo del Prado]], [[Madrid]], [[Spain]]. 
-The title is a later attribution. 
-It was registered in the inventory of the Spanish crown as "the picture with the [[strawberry tree|strawberry-tree]] fruits". 
-When closed, the shutters depict an image of the earth as a flat disc within a sphere with the land floating upon a sea. Although the earth is bright from sunlight slipping through receding storm clouds, strange organic and even obscene forms are seen rising from the ground. A small representation of [[God the Father]] appears enthroned in the outer firmament at the upper left corner. At the top of the panels is a quote from [[Psalm]] 33:9 of the [[Bible]]: "For he spake and it was done; he commanded, and it stood fast." Some critics have taken the verse to imply that the scene is one from Creation; others hold that it is of the receding waters of the [[Flood]] during the days of [[Noah]]. The interior triptych is thus interpreted to represent the days of sexual [[fornication]] prior to the Flood. Other critics have supposed that the outer shutters represent a metaphor for the last days and not a specific moment in Biblical history. It is argued that there is no ark or human and animal corpses present on the outer shutters, and that it is therefore unlikely that it could be representing the specific Flood of Noah. Yet another interpretation describes the picture as depicting the third day of the Creation of Earth. 
-The shutters open to reveal the three-paneled triptych. 
-===Garden of Eden=== 
-The leftmost panel features the Garden of Eden, the [[Tree of Knowledge]] (the one at the middle of the right edge), and God (in the form of [[Jesus]]), presenting [[Adam and Eve|Eve]] to [[Adam and Eve|Adam]].  
-===Garden of Earthly Delights=== 
-The centre panel details the descent of humanity into sin, featuring giant birds, abundant [[fruit]], and many people [[frolicking]] nude in a lush, green field. 
-===The Hell=== 
-Finally, the rightmost panel illustrates [[Hell]]. People are treated to various nightmarish torments including being eaten by a giant bird and defecating coins. The [[seven deadly sins]] are featured prominently throughout. 
-*The bird sitting in the chair eating the man is supposed to be [[Satan]] himself. 
-*The face staring out from under the dish holding the pink bagpipes is said to be a portrait of Bosch himself. 
-*The woman near the bottom, under the bird's chair, in the clutches of a monster, staring into a mirror (which is also the rear end of some creature), is guilty of the deadly sin of [[pride]] ([[vanity]]). 
-*The person defecating coins into the pit under the bird's chair is guilty of the deadly sin of [[avarice]]. 
-*The man nearby, vomiting into the same pit, is guilty of the deadly sin of [[gluttony]]. 
-==See also== 
-* [[Paintings of Hieronymus Bosch]] 
-*[[The Garden of Earthly Delights in popular culture]] 
 +In many [[monotheist]] religions, [[God]] is given the title and attributions of [[Father]]. In the [[Israelites|Israelite]] religion and its closest modern relative, [[Talmud]]ic [[Judaism]], God is called Father because he is the creator, law-giver, and protector.
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Revision as of 20:07, 15 October 2009

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

In many monotheist religions, God is given the title and attributions of Father. In the Israelite religion and its closest modern relative, Talmudic Judaism, God is called Father because he is the creator, law-giver, and protector.

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