Ginger Baker  

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 +"When I started listening to [[Cream (band)|Cream]] and stuff, I started to read interviews with people like [[Ginger Baker|Ginger [Baker]]] about where they were getting their stuff from. Just like [[Eric Clapton|Clapton]] was getting ideas from blues guys, I realized that rhythm musicians were getting a lot of information from Africa. I immediately started looking for the records, especially [[Afrobeat]]. Just that [[syncopation]], the up feel." --[[Bill Laswell]] interviewed by Jay Babcock in [[Mean Magazine]] (October 1999)
 +|}
{{Template}} {{Template}}
-'''Jonas Hellborg''' (born June 7, 1958) is a [[Sweden|Swedish]] [[bass guitar]]ist. He has collaborated with [[John McLaughlin (musician)|John McLaughlin]], [[Sultan Khan (musician)|Ustad Sultan Khan]], Fazal Qureshi, [[Bill Laswell]], [[Shawn Lane]], [[Jens Johansson]], [[Michael Shrieve]], [[V. Selvaganesh]], [[Mattias IA Eklundh]] and [[Buckethead]].+'''Peter Edward''' "'''Ginger'''" '''Baker''' (19 August 1939 – 6 October 2019) was an [[English drummer]] and a co-founder of the rock band [[Cream (band)|Cream]]. His style melded [[jazz]] and [[Music of Africa|African rhythms]] and pioneered both [[jazz fusion]] and [[world music]].
-==Recording career==+Baker cited [[Phil Seamen]], [[Art Blakey]], [[Max Roach]], [[Elvin Jones]], [[Philly Joe Jones]] and [[Baby Dodds]] as main influences on his style.
-Hellborg began his music career in 1976 in Sweden touring with local rock acts. He was spotted by percussionist [[Reebop Kwaku Baah]] in a small club in Stockholm 1979 and he moved to London for a year to work with Reebop on different projects. He played the Montreux Jazz festival in Switzerland in 1981 and met [[Michael Brecker]] who introduced him to John McLaughlin, [[Billy Cobham]] and other fusion stars. He was asked to join John McLaughlin’s reformed [[Mahavishnu Orchestra]] in 1983 and he stayed with McLaughlin until 1988 touring and recording with Mahavishnu Orchestra and also doing several duet tours with McLaughlin during this time. +
-In 1986 and 1987 he toured with a project featuring [[Ginger Baker]] on drums and [[Bernie Worrell]] on keyboards.+Known for playing on compositions as "[[Sunshine of Your Love]]" (1967), he also played with [[Fela Kuti]] on ''[[Fela's London Scene]]'' ( 1971), ''[[Why Black Man Dey Suffer]]'' (1971), ''[[Live! (Fela Kuti album)|Live!]]'' (1972) and ''[[Stratavarious]]'' (1972) and recorded two album with [[Bill Laswell]]: ''[[Horses & Trees]]'' (1986) and ''[[Middle Passage]]'' (1990).
 +==Overview==
 +Baker began playing drums at age 15, and later took lessons from English jazz drummer [[Phil Seamen]]. In the 1960s he joined [[Blues Incorporated]], where he met bassist [[Jack Bruce]]. The two clashed often, but would be rhythm section partners again in [[the Graham Bond Organisation]] and Cream, the latter of which Baker co-founded with [[Eric Clapton]] in 1966. Cream achieved worldwide success but lasted only until 1968, in part due to Baker's and Bruce's volatile relationship. After briefly working with Clapton in [[Blind Faith]] and leading [[Ginger Baker's Air Force]], Baker spent several years in the 1970s living and recording in Africa, often with [[Fela Kuti]], in pursuit of his long-time interest in African music. Among Baker's other collaborations are his work with [[Gary Moore]], [[Masters of Reality]], [[Public Image Ltd]], [[Hawkwind]], [[Atomic Rooster]], [[Bill Laswell]], jazz bassist [[Charlie Haden]], jazz guitarist [[Bill Frisell]] and Ginger Baker's Energy.
-In 1988 Hellborg moved to New York and started his own band which first included keyboardist [[Aydin Esen]] and drummer [[Kenwood Dennard]], later the Johansson Brothers, Jens on keyboards and Anders on drums. At the same time he started a recording studio together with producer/bassist [[Bill Laswell]] called Greenpoint Studios. They recorded a multitude of records there until early 1993, including The Word together with [[Tony Williams]], [[Octave of the Holy Innocents]] with [[Mike Shrieve]] and [[Buckethead]], Materials Hallucination Engine, E with the Johansson Brothers. +Baker's drumming is regarded for its style, showmanship, and use of two bass drums instead of the conventional one. In his early days, he performed lengthy drum solos, most notably in the Cream song "[[Toad (instrumental)|Toad]]", one of the earliest recorded examples in rock music. Baker was an [[List of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees|inductee]] of the [[Rock and Roll Hall of Fame]] as a member of Cream, of the ''[[Modern Drummer]]'' Hall of Fame in 2008, and of the Classic Drummer Hall of Fame in 2016. Baker was noted for his eccentric, often self-destructive lifestyle, and he struggled with [[heroin]] addiction for many years. He was married four times and has fathered three children.
- +
-In 1993 he sold his part in the studio to Laswell and resettled in Paris, France. The following year he teamed up with guitarist [[Shawn Lane]], a cooperation that would last 9 years. The first record was ''[[Abstract Logic]]'' with Ginger Baker's son [[Kofi Baker|Kofi]] on drums; this was followed by [[Michael Shrieve]]’s “Two Doors”. By the third record they were joined by drummer [[Jeff Sipe]] and embarked on long stretch that produced 4 records and a lot of touring between 1995 and 1997. +
- +
-In 1998 Hellborg met percussionist [[V. Selvaganesh]] at a [[Zakir Hussain (musician)|Zakir Hussain]] concert in Paris. The two formed another long lasting musical partnership that has been ongoing since then. To start with Selvaganesh joined Hellborg in duets and in different “classical” settings Hellborg was working on at the time. Later a group was formed first in trio with Lane then grew into a quintet including Selvaganesh’s 2 brothers V. Umashankar and V. Umamahesh. 2 CD’s and a DVD were produced with this group. After Shawn Lane's death in 2003, Hellborg has continued to explore amalgamations of Indian and Western music, working with Indian masters as [[Debashish Bhattacharya]], [[Niladri Kumar]], [[Vikku Vinayakram]], [[Tanmoy Bose]] and [[U. Shrinivas]]. He has also started a new Metal-Fusion project with guitarist [[Mattias IA Eklundh]] called Art Metal. +
- +
-Hellborg founded his own record label Day Eight Music in 1979 releasing his first solo bass record The Bassic Thing – an early showcase of his pioneering chordal, and for the time very advanced, slapping approaches. It is also noteworthy that it was the first LP ever to feature solely bass guitar. With the move to the US a new entity was formed called Bardo Music that took over the responsibilities of Hellborgs output now counting around 40 odd releases.+
- +
-==Musical equipment==+
-Hellborg has been involved in instrument design from early on in his career. His work includes a signature model for [[Aria (guitar company)|Aria]], the first ever biamped bass amplifier (in cooperation with Italian company [[FBT]]), a double neck bass, fretted and fretless, for British company [[Wal (bass)|Wal]] in 1983 and, in 1984, an acoustic bass in collaboration with master luthier [[Abraham Wechter]]. +
- +
-After working with a further half dozen of other companies with signature models and inventions he now, together with [[Warwick (bass guitar)|Warwick]], created a new bass and a high end line of bass amplification.+
- +
-Hellborg has published 2 books in the early 80’s with Music Sales of London, one on slap bass called ''Thumb Bassics'', and a chord book called Chord Bassics.+
==Discography== ==Discography==
-;As band leader 
-*''The Bassic Thing'' (solo bass)(1979), Day Eight Music 
-*''Elegant Punk'' (solo bass)(1984), Day Eight Music 
-*''Axis'' (1988), Day Eight Music 
-*''Adfa'' (1989), Day Eight Music 
-*''Bass'', Day Eight Music 
-*''The Silent Life'' (acoustic solo bass) (1991), Day Eight Music 
-*''Jonas Hellborg Group'' (1990), Day Eight Music 
-*''Jonas Hellborg Group E'' (1991), Day Eight Music 
-*''The Word'' (1991), Axiom 
-*''[[Abstract Logic (album)|Abstract Logic]]'', Bardo 
-*''[[Octave of the Holy Innocents]]'' (1993), Day Eight Music (re-released 2003, Bardo) 
-*''[[Temporal Analogues of Paradise]]'', Bardo 
-*''[[Time Is the Enemy]]'', Bardo 
-*''Aram of the 2 Rivers'' (1999), Bardo 
-*''[[Zenhouse]]'' (1999), Bardo 
-*''[[Good People in Times of Evil]]'', Bardo  
-*''[[Personae (album)|Personae]]'', Bardo 
-*''[[Icon: A Transcontinental Gathering]]'', Bardo 
-*''Paris'' (DVD) Bardo 
-*''Kali's Son'' (2006), Bardo 
-*''Art Metal'' (2007), Bardo 
- 
-;With [[The Mahavishnu Orchestra]] 
-*[[Mahavishnu (album)|Mahavishnu]], (1984) Warner Bros. 
-*[[Adventures in Radioland]], (1986) Relativity 
- 
-;With Deadline 
-*Dissident (1991), Day Eight Music 
-*Down by Law, Cell 
-;With [[Michael Joseph Smith]]+===Solo===
-*Faces, Day Eight Music+* ''[[Ginger Baker at His Best]]'' (1972)
-*All our steps, Day Eight Music+* ''[[Stratavarious]]'' (Polydor, 1972)
 +* ''Ginger Baker & Friends'' (Mountain, 1976)
 +* ''Eleven Sides of Baker'' (Sire, 1977)
 +* ''From Humble Oranges'' (CDG, 1983)
 +* ''[[Horses & Trees]]'' (Celluloid, 1986)
 +* ''No Material'' (ITM, 1989)
 +* ''[[Middle Passage]]'' ([[Axiom]], 1990)
 +* ''Unseen Rain'' (Day Eight, 1992)
 +* ''Ginger Baker's Energy'' (ITM, 1992)
 +* ''Going Back Home'' (Atlantic, 1994)
 +* ''Ginger Baker The Album'' (ITM, 1995)
 +* ''Falling Off the Roof'' (Atlantic, 1995)
 +* ''Do What You Like'' (Polydor, 1998)
 +* ''Coward of the County'' (Atlantic, 1999)
 +* ''African Force'' (2001)
 +* ''African Force: Palanquin's Pole'' (2006)
 +* ''[[Why? (Ginger Baker album)|Why?]]'' (2014)
-;With [[Michael Shrieve]]+===Blind Faith discography===
-*Two Doors, CMP+* ''[[Blind Faith (Blind Faith album)|Blind Faith]]'' (Polydor, 1969)
-*THE LEAVING TIME,NOVUS/BMG+
-;With [[Public Image Ltd]]+===Cream discography===
-*Album, Virgin+* ''[[Fresh Cream]]'' (Polydor, 1966)
 +* ''[[Disraeli Gears]]'' (Polydor, 1967)
 +* ''[[Wheels of Fire]]'' (Polydor, 1968)
 +* ''[[Goodbye (Cream album)|Goodbye]]'' (Polydor, 1969)
 +* ''[[Live Cream]]'' (Polydor, 1970)
 +* ''[[Live Cream Volume II]]'' (Polydor, 1972)
 +* ''[[BBC Sessions (Cream album)|BBC Sessions]]'' (2003)
 +* ''[[Royal Albert Hall London May 2-3-5-6, 2005|Royal Albert Hall London, 2–3 and 5–6 May 2005]]'' (Reprise, 2005)
-;With [[Trilok Gurtu]]+===The Storyville Jazz Men and the Hugh Rainey Allstars===
-*Usfret, CMP+*''Storyville Re-Visited'' (1958) also featuring [[Bob Wallis]] and Ginger Baker
-;With [[Sultan Khan (musician)|Sultan Khan]] and [[Fazal Qureshi]]+===Alexis Korner Blues Incorporated===
-*Friends Across Boundaries, Ninaad Music +* ''Alexis Korner and Friends'' (1963)
-;With [[Ginger Baker]]+===Graham Bond Organisation===
-*Unseen Rain, Day Eight Music+* ''Live at Klooks Kleek'' (1964)
-*Middle Passage, Axiom+* ''[[The Sound of '65]]'' (1965)
 +* ''There's a Bond Between Us'' (1965)
-;With [[Kollektiv]]+===Ginger Baker's Air Force discography===
-*feat. Jonas Hellborg, ITM+* ''[[Ginger Baker's Air Force (album)|Ginger Baker's Air Force]]'' (Atco, 1970)
 +* ''[[Ginger Baker's Air Force 2|Ginger Baker's Air Force II]]'' (Atco, 1970)
-;With [[Jens Johansson]]+===Baker Gurvitz Army discography===
-*Fjäderlösa tvåfotingar, Day Eight Music+* ''[[Baker Gurvitz Army (album)|Baker Gurvitz Army]]'' (Janus, 1974)
 +* ''[[Elysian Encounter]]'' (Atco, 1975)
 +* ''[[Hearts on Fire (Baker Gurvitz Army album)|Hearts on Fire]]'' (Atco, 1976)
 +* ''Flying in and Out of Stardom'' (Castle, 2003)
 +* ''Greatest Hits'' (GB Music, 2003)
 +* ''Live in Derby'' (Major League Productions, 2005)
 +* ''Live'' (Revisited, 2005)
-;With [[Anders Johansson]]+=== With [[Fela Kuti]] ===
-*Shutka, Day Eight Music+* ''[[Fela's London Scene]]'' (EMI, 1971) – uncredited
-*Red Shift, Heptagon+* ''[[Why Black Man Dey Suffer]]'' (African Sounds, 1971)
 +* ''[[Live! (Fela Kuti album)|Live!]]'' (Regal Zonophone, 1972)
 +* ''[[Stratavarious]]'' (Polydor, 1972)
-;With RAF (feat. Peter Brötzmann, Bill Laswell, Jamal Evans)+=== With [[Hawkwind]] ===
-Ode to a Tractor (1992), Day Eight Music+* ''[[Levitation (Hawkwind album)|Levitation]]'' (Bronze, 1980)
 +* ''[[Zones (album)|Zones]]'' (Flicknife, 1983)
 +* ''[[This Is Hawkwind, Do Not Panic]]'' (Flicknife, 1984)
-;With [[Reebop]]+=== With others ===
-Melodies in a Jungle Man's Head, Day Eight Music+* ''[[Stratavarious]]'' with [[Bobby Tench|Bobby Gass]] (Polydor, 1972)
 +* ''[[Album (Public Image Limited album)|Album]]'' by [[Public Image Ltd]] (Elektra/Virgin, 1986)
 +* ''Unseen Rain'' with [[Jens Johansson]] and [[Jonas Hellborg]] (Day Eight, 1992)
 +* ''[[Sunrise on the Sufferbus]]'' by [[Masters of Reality]] (Chrysalis, 1992)
 +* ''[[Cities of the Heart]]'' by [[Jack Bruce]] (CMP, 1993)
 +* ''Around the Next Dream'' by [[Bruce-Baker-Moore|BBM]] (Capitol, 1994)
 +* ''Synaesthesia'' by [[Andy Summers]] (CMP, 1996)
 +* ''Coward of the County'' by Ginger Baker and the Denver Jazz Quintet-to-Octet (DJQ2O) (Atlantic, 1999)
-;With Shining Path 
-*No Other World (1992) 
{{GFDL}} {{GFDL}}

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"When I started listening to Cream and stuff, I started to read interviews with people like Ginger [Baker] about where they were getting their stuff from. Just like Clapton was getting ideas from blues guys, I realized that rhythm musicians were getting a lot of information from Africa. I immediately started looking for the records, especially Afrobeat. Just that syncopation, the up feel." --Bill Laswell interviewed by Jay Babcock in Mean Magazine (October 1999)

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Peter Edward "Ginger" Baker (19 August 1939 – 6 October 2019) was an English drummer and a co-founder of the rock band Cream. His style melded jazz and African rhythms and pioneered both jazz fusion and world music.

Baker cited Phil Seamen, Art Blakey, Max Roach, Elvin Jones, Philly Joe Jones and Baby Dodds as main influences on his style.

Known for playing on compositions as "Sunshine of Your Love" (1967), he also played with Fela Kuti on Fela's London Scene ( 1971), Why Black Man Dey Suffer (1971), Live! (1972) and Stratavarious (1972) and recorded two album with Bill Laswell: Horses & Trees (1986) and Middle Passage (1990).

Contents

Overview

Baker began playing drums at age 15, and later took lessons from English jazz drummer Phil Seamen. In the 1960s he joined Blues Incorporated, where he met bassist Jack Bruce. The two clashed often, but would be rhythm section partners again in the Graham Bond Organisation and Cream, the latter of which Baker co-founded with Eric Clapton in 1966. Cream achieved worldwide success but lasted only until 1968, in part due to Baker's and Bruce's volatile relationship. After briefly working with Clapton in Blind Faith and leading Ginger Baker's Air Force, Baker spent several years in the 1970s living and recording in Africa, often with Fela Kuti, in pursuit of his long-time interest in African music. Among Baker's other collaborations are his work with Gary Moore, Masters of Reality, Public Image Ltd, Hawkwind, Atomic Rooster, Bill Laswell, jazz bassist Charlie Haden, jazz guitarist Bill Frisell and Ginger Baker's Energy.

Baker's drumming is regarded for its style, showmanship, and use of two bass drums instead of the conventional one. In his early days, he performed lengthy drum solos, most notably in the Cream song "Toad", one of the earliest recorded examples in rock music. Baker was an inductee of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Cream, of the Modern Drummer Hall of Fame in 2008, and of the Classic Drummer Hall of Fame in 2016. Baker was noted for his eccentric, often self-destructive lifestyle, and he struggled with heroin addiction for many years. He was married four times and has fathered three children.

Discography

Solo

  • Ginger Baker at His Best (1972)
  • Stratavarious (Polydor, 1972)
  • Ginger Baker & Friends (Mountain, 1976)
  • Eleven Sides of Baker (Sire, 1977)
  • From Humble Oranges (CDG, 1983)
  • Horses & Trees (Celluloid, 1986)
  • No Material (ITM, 1989)
  • Middle Passage (Axiom, 1990)
  • Unseen Rain (Day Eight, 1992)
  • Ginger Baker's Energy (ITM, 1992)
  • Going Back Home (Atlantic, 1994)
  • Ginger Baker The Album (ITM, 1995)
  • Falling Off the Roof (Atlantic, 1995)
  • Do What You Like (Polydor, 1998)
  • Coward of the County (Atlantic, 1999)
  • African Force (2001)
  • African Force: Palanquin's Pole (2006)
  • Why? (2014)

Blind Faith discography

Cream discography

The Storyville Jazz Men and the Hugh Rainey Allstars

  • Storyville Re-Visited (1958) also featuring Bob Wallis and Ginger Baker

Alexis Korner Blues Incorporated

  • Alexis Korner and Friends (1963)

Graham Bond Organisation

  • Live at Klooks Kleek (1964)
  • The Sound of '65 (1965)
  • There's a Bond Between Us (1965)

Ginger Baker's Air Force discography

Baker Gurvitz Army discography

With Fela Kuti

With Hawkwind

With others




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Ginger Baker" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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