Florence  

From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
Revision as of 10:22, 1 August 2009
Jahsonic (Talk | contribs)

← Previous diff
Current revision
Jahsonic (Talk | contribs)

Line 1: Line 1:
 +[[Image:Venus (Titian).jpg|thumb|left|200px|''[[Venus of Urbino|Venus of Urbino]]'' (1538, detail) by [[Titian]]]]
 +[[Image:'Bologne to Rome' page in Stendhal's On Love.jpg|thumb|right|200px|[[Stendhal]]'s depiction of the process of [[falling in love]], from ''[[On Love (Stendhal) |On Love]]'', 1822]]
 +{| class="toccolours" style="float: left; margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 2em; font-size: 85%; background:#c6dbf7; color:black; width:30em; max-width: 40%;" cellspacing="5"
 +| style="text-align: left;" |
 +"As I emerged from the porch of [[Santa Croce, Florence|Santa Croce]], I was seized with a fierce [[palpitation]] of the heart (that same symptom which, in Berlin, is referred to as an [[Panic attack|attack of the nerves]]); the well-spring of life was dried up within me, and I walked in constant fear of falling to the ground."
 +--[[Stendhal syndrome]] excerpt in ''[[Rome, Naples, and Florence]]'' by [[Stendhal]], tr. unidentified.
 +
 +|}
 +[[Image:Birth Venus Botticelli.jpg|right|thumb|200px|''[[The Birth of Venus (Botticelli)|The Birth of Venus]]'' (detail), a 1486 painting by [[Sandro Botticelli]]]]
{{Template}} {{Template}}
-# A province of [[Tuscany]], [[Italy]].+'''Florence''' is the capital city of the Italian [[Regions of Italy|region]] of [[Tuscany]] and of the [[provinces of Italy|province]] of [[Province of Florence|Florence]]. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with approximately 370,000 inhabitants, expanding to over 1.5 million in the metropolitan area.
-# The capital city of the province Florence.+ 
 +Florence is famous for its history. A centre of [[Middle Ages|medieval]] [[Europe]]an trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of the time, Florence is considered the birthplace of the [[Renaissance]], and has been called "the [[Athens]] of the [[Middle Ages]]". A turbulent political history includes periods of rule by the powerful [[House of Medici|Medici]] family, and numerous religious and republican revolutions. From 1865 to 1871 the city was also the capital of the recently established [[Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)|Kingdom of Italy]].
 + 
 +The [[historic centre of Florence]] attracts millions of tourists each year, and [[Euromonitor International]] ranked the city as the world's 72nd most visited in 2009, with 1,685,000 visitors. It was declared a [[World Heritage Site]] by UNESCO in 1982. Due to Florence's artistic and architectural heritage, it has been ranked by ''[[Forbes]]'' as one of the most beautiful cities in the world, and the city is noted for its history, culture, [[Italian Renaissance art|Renaissance art and architecture]] and monuments. The city also contains numerous museums and art galleries, such as the [[Uffizi Gallery]] and the [[Pitti Palace]], amongst others, and still exerts an influence in the fields of art, culture and politics.
 + 
 +Florence is also an important city in [[Italian fashion]], being ranked within the top fifty [[fashion capital]]s of the world; furthermore, it is also a major national economic centre, being a tourist and industrial hub. In 2008, the city had the 17th highest average income in Italy.
 + 
 +==Notable residents==
 + 
 +*Sir [[Harold Acton]], author and aesthete.
 +*[[John Argyropoulos]], scholar
 +*[[Leon Battista Alberti|Leone Battista Alberti]], polymath.
 +*[[Dante Alighieri]], poet.
 +*[[Giovanni Boccaccio]], poet.
 +*[[Baldassarre Bonaiuti]], 14th century chronicler
 +*[[Sandro Botticelli]], painter.
 +*[[Aureliano Brandolini]], agronomist and development cooperation scholar.
 +*[[Robert Browning]] and [[Elizabeth Barrett Browning]], 19th-century English poets.
 +*[[Filippo Brunelleschi]], architect.
 +*[[Michelangelo]] Buonarroti, sculptor, painter, author of the ceiling of the [[Sistine Chapel]] and [[David (Michelangelo)|David]].
 +*[[Francesco Casagrande]], Cyclist.
 +*[[Roberto Cavalli]], fashion designer.
 +*[[Enrico Coveri]], fashion designer.
 +*[[Donatello]], [[sculpture|sculptor]].
 +*[[Oriana Fallaci]], journalist and author.
 +*[[Salvatore Ferragamo]], fashion designer and shoemaker.
 +*[[Mike Francis (musician)]] born Francesco Puccioni, singer and composer.
 +*[[Frescobaldi|Frescobaldi Family]], notable bankers and wine producers.
 +*[[Galileo Galilei]], Italian physicist, astronomer, and philosopher.
 +*[[Giotto]], early 14th century painter, sculptor and architect.
 +*[[Lorenzo Ghiberti]], [[sculpture|sculptor]].
 +*[[Guccio Gucci]], founder of the [[Gucci]] label.
 +*[[Pietro Pacciani]], farmer, starring of the case of the [[Monster of Florence]].
 +*[[Robert Lowell]], poet.
 +*[[Niccolò Machiavelli]], poet, philosopher and political thinker, author of ''[[The Prince]]'' and ''[[Discourses on Livy|The Discourses]]''.
 +*[[Masaccio]], painter.
 +*[[House of Medici|Medici]] family.
 +*[[Antonio Meucci]], [[invention of the telephone|inventor of the telephone]].
 +*[[Florence Nightingale]], pioneer of modern nursing, and a statistician.
 +*[[Virginia Oldoini]], Countess of Castiglione. Early photographic artist, Secret agent and Courtesan.
 +*[[Valerio Profondavalle]], [[Flanders|Flemish]] painter
 +*[[Raphael]], painter.
 +*[[Girolamo Savonarola]]
 +*[[Adriana Seroni]], politic.
 +*[[Giovanni Spadolini]], politic.
 +*[[Giorgio Vasari]], painter, architect, and historian.
 +*[[Amerigo Vespucci]], explorer and cartographer, namesake of the Americas.
 +*[[Leonardo da Vinci]], [[polymath]]
 +*[[Girolamo Mei]], historian and humanist
 +*[[Rose McGowan]], Florence-born actress
 + 
 +==See also==
 +*[[Florentine School]]
 +*[[Historical states of Italy]]
 +*[[History of Florence]]
{{GFDL}} {{GFDL}}

Current revision

Venus of Urbino (1538, detail) by Titian
Enlarge
Venus of Urbino (1538, detail) by Titian
Stendhal's depiction of the process of falling in love, from On Love, 1822
Enlarge
Stendhal's depiction of the process of falling in love, from On Love, 1822

"As I emerged from the porch of Santa Croce, I was seized with a fierce palpitation of the heart (that same symptom which, in Berlin, is referred to as an attack of the nerves); the well-spring of life was dried up within me, and I walked in constant fear of falling to the ground." --Stendhal syndrome excerpt in Rome, Naples, and Florence by Stendhal, tr. unidentified.

The Birth of Venus (detail), a 1486 painting by Sandro Botticelli
Enlarge
The Birth of Venus (detail), a 1486 painting by Sandro Botticelli

Related e

Google
Wikipedia
Wiktionary
Wiki Commons
Wikiquote
Wikisource
YouTube
Shop


Featured:
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Enlarge
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Florence is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany and of the province of Florence. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with approximately 370,000 inhabitants, expanding to over 1.5 million in the metropolitan area.

Florence is famous for its history. A centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of the time, Florence is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance, and has been called "the Athens of the Middle Ages". A turbulent political history includes periods of rule by the powerful Medici family, and numerous religious and republican revolutions. From 1865 to 1871 the city was also the capital of the recently established Kingdom of Italy.

The historic centre of Florence attracts millions of tourists each year, and Euromonitor International ranked the city as the world's 72nd most visited in 2009, with 1,685,000 visitors. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1982. Due to Florence's artistic and architectural heritage, it has been ranked by Forbes as one of the most beautiful cities in the world, and the city is noted for its history, culture, Renaissance art and architecture and monuments. The city also contains numerous museums and art galleries, such as the Uffizi Gallery and the Pitti Palace, amongst others, and still exerts an influence in the fields of art, culture and politics.

Florence is also an important city in Italian fashion, being ranked within the top fifty fashion capitals of the world; furthermore, it is also a major national economic centre, being a tourist and industrial hub. In 2008, the city had the 17th highest average income in Italy.

Notable residents

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Florence" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools