Donato Bramante  

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-:''[[Renaissance]], [[Three Graces]], [[mythological painting]], [[print culture]], [[early Renaissance painting]], [[Northern Renaissance]]'' 
-One of the distinguishing features of Renaissance art was its development of highly realistic linear perspective. [[Giotto di Bondone]] (1267–1337) is credited with first treating a painting as a window into space, but it was not until the demonstrations of architect [[Filippo Brunelleschi]] (1377–1446) and the subsequent writings of [[Leon Battista Alberti]] (1404–1472) that perspective was formalized as an artistic technique. The development of perspective was part of a wider trend towards realism in the arts. To that end, painters also developed other techniques, studying light, shadow, and, famously in the case of [[Leonardo da Vinci]], [[human anatomy]]. Underlying these changes in artistic method, was a renewed desire to depict the beauty of nature, and to unravel the axioms of [[aesthetics]], with the works of [[Leonardo]], [[Michelangelo]] and [[Raphael]] representing artistic pinnacles that were to be much imitated by other artists. Other notable artists include [[Sandro Botticelli]], working for the Medici in Florence, [[Donatello]] another Florentine and [[Titian]] in Venice, among others.+'''Donato Bramante''' (1444 – [[March 11]], [[1514]]) was an Italian [[architect]], who introduced the Early Renaissance style to Milan and the [[High Renaissance]] style to [[Rome]], where his most famous design was [[St. Peter's Basilica]].
-Concurrently, in the [[Netherlands]], a particularly vibrant artistic culture developed, the work of [[Hugo van der Goes]] and [[Jan van Eyck]] having particular influence on the development of painting in Italy, both technically with the introduction of oil paint and canvas, and stylistically in terms of naturalism in representation. (For more, see ''[[Renaissance in the Netherlands]]''). Later, the work of [[Pieter Brueghel the Elder]] would inspire artists to depict themes of everyday life. 
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-In architecture, [[Filippo Brunelleschi]] was foremost in studying the remains of ancient classical buildings, and with rediscovered knowledge from the 1st-century writer [[Vitruvius]] and the flourishing discipline of [[mathematics]], formulated the Renaissance style which emulated and improved on classical forms. Brunelleschi's major feat of engineering was the building of the dome of [[Duomo of Florence|Florence Cathedral]]. The first building to demonstrate this is claimed to be the church of St. Andrew built by Alberti in [[Mantua]]. The outstanding architectural work of the High Renaissance was the rebuilding of [[St. Peter's Basilica]], combining the skills of [[Bramante]], [[Michelangelo]], [[Raphael]], [[Sangallo]] and [[Maderno]]. 
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-The Roman orders types of columns are used: Tuscan, Doric, Ionic, Corinthian and Composite. These can either be structural, supporting an arcade or architrave, or purely decorative, set against a wall in the form of [[pilasters]]. During the Renaissance, architects aimed to use columns, pilasters, and [[entablatures]] as an integrated system. One of the first buildings to use pilasters as an integrated system was in the Old Sacristy (1421–1440) by Filippo Brunelleschi. 
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-Arches, semi-circular or (in the [[Mannerism|Mannerist]] style) segmental, are often used in arcades, supported on piers or columns with capitals. There may be a section of entablature between the capital and the springing of the arch. Alberti was one of the first to use the arch on a monumental. Renaissance vaults do not have ribs. They are semi-circular or segmental and on a square plan, unlike the [[Gothic style|Gothic]] vault which is frequently rectangular. 
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Donato Bramante (1444 – March 11, 1514) was an Italian architect, who introduced the Early Renaissance style to Milan and the High Renaissance style to Rome, where his most famous design was St. Peter's Basilica.




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Donato Bramante" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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