Charles-François Tiphaigne de la Roche  

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-{{Template}}'''''Giphantie''''' is a novel by [[Tiphaigne de la Roche|Tiphaigne de la Roche, Charles-François]] published in 1760.+{{Template}}
 +'''Tiphaigne de la Roche''', '''Charles-François''', (February 19, 1722 – August 11, 1774), was a French author.
 + 
 +He was born at [[Montebourg]], [[Cotentin]], studied medicine at [[Caen]] university and became [[Physician|Doctor]] in 1744.
 +His romances, mainly written anonymously, take place in the wake of two of the great 18th century's philosophical movements that are [[Rationalism]] and [[Illuminism]] and often mix scientific considerations with [[cabalistic]], magical and [[alchemy|alchemical]] ones.
 +He anticipated many social and scientific inventions, e.g. photography, synthetic food, and television.
 + 
 +==Bibliography==
 +* ''[[L'Amour dévoilé, ou le système des simpathistes]]'', Où l'on explique l'origine de l'Amour, des Inclinations, des Simpathies, des Aversions, des Antipathies, etc., 1749.
 +* ''Amilec, ou la graine d'hommes'', 1753.
 +* Translated into English : ''Amilec, or the seeds of mankind'', 1753.
 +* ''Amilec, ou la graine d'hommes'', nouvelle édition, à Somniopolis, chez Morphée, 1754.
 +* ''Amilec, ou la graine d'hommes qui sert à peupler les planètes'', par l'A.D.P.***, troisième édition, augmentée très considérablement, à Luneville, aux dépens de Chr. Hugene, à l'enseigne de Fontenelle, 1754.
 +* "Mémoire sur la culture des Vignes en Normandie", 1758, published in ''Mémoires de l'Académie de l'Académie des Belles-Lettres de Caen'', 1760.
 +* ''Questions relatives à l'agriculture et à la nature des plantes'', 1759.
 +* Reprinted with a new title : ''Observations physiques sur l'Agriculture, les Plantes, les Minéraux et les Végétaux, etc.'', 1765.
 +* ''Bigarrures Philosophiques'', 1759.
 +* Reprinted with a new title : ''Les Visions d'Ibrahim'', 1779.
 +* ''Essai sur l'histoire oeconomique des mers occidentales de France'', 1760.
 +* ''[[Giphantie]]'', Babylone, 1760 - the French title is the perfect [[anagram]] of Tiphaigne.
 +* Translated into English : ''Giphantia ; or a view of what has passed, what is now passing, and, during the present century, what will pass in the world'', translated from the original French, with explanatory notes, 1761.
 +* ''L'Empire des Zaziris sur les humains, ou la zazirocratie'', Pékin, chez DSMGTLFPQXZ, 1761.
 +* ''Histoire des Galligènes ; ou Mémoires de Duncan'', 1765.
 +* Reprinted with a new title : ''Histoire naturelle, civile et politique des Galligènes antipodes de la nation françoise, dont ils tirent leur origine. Où l'on développe la naissance, les progrès, les moeurs et les vertus singulières de ces insulaires. Les révolutions et les productions merveilleuses de leur Isle, avec l'histoire de leur Fondateur'', 1770.
 +* ''Sanfrein ou mon dernier séjour à la campagne'', 1765.
 +* Reprinted with a new title : ''La girouette, ou Sans Frein, histoire dont le héros fut l'inconséquence même'', 1770.
-It is most famous for predicting the modern day process of photography according to M. W. Marien.  
-An excerpt from the novel  
-describes: 
-<blockquote> 
-“You know, that rays of light reflected from different bodies form pictures, paint the image reflected on all polished surfaces, for example, on the retina of the eye, on water, and on glass. The spirits have sought to fix these fleeting images; they have made a subtle matter by means of which a picture is formed in the twinkling of an eye. They coat a piece of canvas with this matter, and place it in front of the object to be taken. The first effect of this cloth is similar to that of a mirror, but by means of its viscous nature the prepared canvas, as is not the case with the mirror, retains a fac-simile of the image. The mirror represents images faithfully, but retains none; our canvas reflects them no less faithfully, but retains them all. This impression of the image is instantaneous. The canvas is then removed and deposited in a dark place. An hour later the impression is dry, and you have a picture the more precious in that no art can imitate its truthfulness.” 
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Tiphaigne de la Roche, Charles-François, (February 19, 1722 – August 11, 1774), was a French author.

He was born at Montebourg, Cotentin, studied medicine at Caen university and became Doctor in 1744. His romances, mainly written anonymously, take place in the wake of two of the great 18th century's philosophical movements that are Rationalism and Illuminism and often mix scientific considerations with cabalistic, magical and alchemical ones. He anticipated many social and scientific inventions, e.g. photography, synthetic food, and television.

Bibliography

  • L'Amour dévoilé, ou le système des simpathistes, Où l'on explique l'origine de l'Amour, des Inclinations, des Simpathies, des Aversions, des Antipathies, etc., 1749.
  • Amilec, ou la graine d'hommes, 1753.
  • Translated into English : Amilec, or the seeds of mankind, 1753.
  • Amilec, ou la graine d'hommes, nouvelle édition, à Somniopolis, chez Morphée, 1754.
  • Amilec, ou la graine d'hommes qui sert à peupler les planètes, par l'A.D.P.***, troisième édition, augmentée très considérablement, à Luneville, aux dépens de Chr. Hugene, à l'enseigne de Fontenelle, 1754.
  • "Mémoire sur la culture des Vignes en Normandie", 1758, published in Mémoires de l'Académie de l'Académie des Belles-Lettres de Caen, 1760.
  • Questions relatives à l'agriculture et à la nature des plantes, 1759.
  • Reprinted with a new title : Observations physiques sur l'Agriculture, les Plantes, les Minéraux et les Végétaux, etc., 1765.
  • Bigarrures Philosophiques, 1759.
  • Reprinted with a new title : Les Visions d'Ibrahim, 1779.
  • Essai sur l'histoire oeconomique des mers occidentales de France, 1760.
  • Giphantie, Babylone, 1760 - the French title is the perfect anagram of Tiphaigne.
  • Translated into English : Giphantia ; or a view of what has passed, what is now passing, and, during the present century, what will pass in the world, translated from the original French, with explanatory notes, 1761.
  • L'Empire des Zaziris sur les humains, ou la zazirocratie, Pékin, chez DSMGTLFPQXZ, 1761.
  • Histoire des Galligènes ; ou Mémoires de Duncan, 1765.
  • Reprinted with a new title : Histoire naturelle, civile et politique des Galligènes antipodes de la nation françoise, dont ils tirent leur origine. Où l'on développe la naissance, les progrès, les moeurs et les vertus singulières de ces insulaires. Les révolutions et les productions merveilleuses de leur Isle, avec l'histoire de leur Fondateur, 1770.
  • Sanfrein ou mon dernier séjour à la campagne, 1765.
  • Reprinted with a new title : La girouette, ou Sans Frein, histoire dont le héros fut l'inconséquence même, 1770.




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