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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Peasants' War
  1. The Protestant (rather than the Roman Catholic or Orthodox) Christian religion.
  2. Collectively, the Protestant churches or the Protestants.


Northern Renaissance

The Northern Renaissance was distinct from the Italian Renaissance in its centralization of political power. While Italy was dominated by independent city-states, countries in central and western Europe began emerging as nation-states. The Northern Renaissance was also closely linked to the Protestant Reformation and the long series of internal and external conflicts between various Protestant groups and the Roman Catholic Church.

Protestant work ethic

The Protestant work ethic, sometimes called the Puritan work ethic, is a Calvinist value emphasizing the necessity of constant labor in a person's calling as a sign of personal salvation. Protestants beginning with Martin Luther had reconceptualised work as a duty in the world for the benefit of the individual and society as a whole. The Catholic idea of good works was transformed into an obligation to work diligently as a sign of grace.

Founders: the first Protestant major reformers and theologians

Twelfth century
Fourteenth century
  • John Wycliffe, English reformer, the "Morning Star of the Reformation".
Fifteenth century
Sixteenth century

See also

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Centralisation" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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