Bent Flyvbjerg  

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-'''''The Social Construction of Reality''''' is a [[book]] about the [[sociology of knowledge]] written by [[Peter L. Berger]] and [[Thomas Luckmann]] and published in 1966.+'''Phronetic social science''' is an approach to the study of social – including political and economic – phenomena based on a contemporary interpretation of the Aristotelian concept [[phronesis]], variously translated as practical judgment, common sense, or prudence. Phronesis is the intellectual virtue used to deliberate about which social actions are good or bad for humans. Phronetic social scientists study social phenomena with a focus on values and power. Researchers ask and answer the following four value-rational questions for specific instances of social action:
-The work introduced the term ''[[social construction]]'' into the [[social sciences]] and was strongly influenced by the work of [[Alfred Schutz]]. The central concept of ''The Social Construction of Reality'' is that persons and groups interacting together in a social system form, over time, concepts or mental representations of each other's actions, and that these concepts eventually become habituated into reciprocal roles played by the actors in relation to each other. When these roles are made available to other members of society to enter into and play out, the reciprocal interactions are said to be institutionalised. In the process of this institutionalisation, meaning is embedded in society. Knowledge and people's conception (and belief) of what reality is becomes embedded in the institutional fabric of society. Social reality is therefore said to be socially constructed.+#Where are we going?
 +#Is this development desirable?
 +#Who gains and who loses, and by which mechanisms of power?
 +#What, if anything, should we do about it?
 +== See also ==
 +*[[Phronesis]]
 +*[[Praxis intervention]]
-==See also== 
-*[[social constructionism]] 
-*[[Phronetic social science]] 
-*[[Reality tunnel]] 
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Phronetic social science is an approach to the study of social – including political and economic – phenomena based on a contemporary interpretation of the Aristotelian concept phronesis, variously translated as practical judgment, common sense, or prudence. Phronesis is the intellectual virtue used to deliberate about which social actions are good or bad for humans. Phronetic social scientists study social phenomena with a focus on values and power. Researchers ask and answer the following four value-rational questions for specific instances of social action:

  1. Where are we going?
  2. Is this development desirable?
  3. Who gains and who loses, and by which mechanisms of power?
  4. What, if anything, should we do about it?

See also





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