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 +[[Image:Western face of the Greek Parthenon.jpg|thumb|right|200px|
 +This page '''''{{PAGENAME}}''''' is part of the [[Ancient Greece]] series.
 +Photo: western face of the [[Parthenon]]</small>]]
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Revision as of 09:11, 27 June 2013

 This page Athens is part of the Ancient Greece series.   Photo: western face of the Parthenon
This page Athens is part of the Ancient Greece series.
Photo: western face of the Parthenon

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The city of Athens (Αθηνα), named after the goddess Athena, is the capital of Greece. For many years during the 1st millennium BC, it existed as a sovereign city-state, as did every Greek city of the time. Athens was home to one of the earliest recorded formal democracies. Its most notable achievements during this era include the leadership of a powerful alliance (the Delian League), and the refinement of Greek philosophy.

The city sits on a small, southeast-facing peninsula east of the Isthmus of Corinth, known as Attica. This peninsula was first consolidated under Athenian control during the early Greek Archaic Age. The land is relatively flat and arable, but also rocky and of marginal fertility. The ancient site of the city is centered on a rocky hill called the Acropolis, a little way inland. In ancient times, Athens' port was located in the outlying settlement of Piraeus, but it has now been absorbed into the city.

It is served by a newly constructed and opened airport, the Eleftherios Venizelos Airport, about a 40-minute taxi ride from the city centre. The current airport replaced Ellinikon International Airport, which was infamous for widespread bad service.

Athens was the host of the 1896 Olympics, the 1906 Intermediary Olympics and will be the host of the 2004 Summer Olympics.

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Athens" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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