Andy Warhol  

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===Films=== ===Films===
*[[The films of Andy Warhol]] *[[The films of Andy Warhol]]
-Warhol worked across a wide range of media — painting, photography, drawing, and sculpture. In addition, he was a highly prolific filmmaker. Between 1963 and 1968, he made more than sixty films. One of his most famous films, ''[[Sleep (film)|Sleep]]'' (1963), monitors poet [[John Giorno]] sleeping for six hours. The 35-minute film ''[[Blow Job (film)|Blow Job]]'' (1963) is one continuous shot of the face of DeVerne Bookwalter supposedly receiving [[oral sex]], although the camera never tilts down to see this. Another, [[Empire (1964 film)|''Empire'']] (1964), consists of eight hours of footage of the [[Empire State Building]] in New York City at dusk. 
-''[[Batman Dracula]]'' is a 1964 film that was produced and directed by Warhol, without the permission of [[DC Comics]]. It was screened only at his art exhibits. A fan of the Batman series, Warhol's movie was an "homage" to the series, and is considered the first appearance of a blatantly [[Camp (style)|campy]] Batman. The film was until recently thought to have been lost, until scenes from the picture were shown at some length in the 2006 documentary ''[[Jack Smith and the Destruction of Atlantis]]''. 
-Warhol's 1965 film ''[[Vinyl (1965 film)|''Vinyl'']]'' is an adaptation of [[Anthony Burgess]]' popular [[dystopia]]n novel ''[[A Clockwork Orange]]''. Others record improvised encounters between Factory regulars such as [[Brigid Berlin]], [[Viva (Warhol Superstar)|Viva]], [[Edie Sedgwick]], [[Candy Darling]], [[Holly Woodlawn]], Ondine, [[Nico]], and [[Jackie Curtis]]. Legendary underground artist [[Jack Smith (film director)|Jack Smith]] appears in the film ''Camp''. 
-His most popular and critically successful film was ''[[Chelsea Girls]]'' (1966). The film was highly innovative in that it consisted of two [[16 mm film|16 mm]] films being projected simultaneously, with two different stories being shown in tandem. From the projection booth, the sound would be raised for one film to elucidate that "story" while it was lowered for the other. Then it would be the other film's turn to bask in the glory of sound. The multiplication of images evoked Warhol's seminal silk-screen works of the early 1960s. The influence of the film's split-screen, multi-narrative style could be felt in such modern work as [[Mike Figgis]]' ''[[Timecode (film)|Timecode]]'' and, however indirectly, the early seasons of [[24 (TV series)|''24'']]. 
-Other important films include ''[[Bike Boy (1968 film)|Bike Boy]]'' (1967-1968), ''[[My Hustler (1965 film)|My Hustler]]'' (1965) and ''[[Lonesome Cowboys (1968 film)|Lonesome Cowboys]]'' (1968), a raunchy pseudo-[[Western (genre)|Western]]. These and other titles document gay underground and camp culture, and continue to feature prominently in scholarship about sexuality and art - see, for example, Mathew Tinkom's ''Working Like a Homosexual'' (Duke University Press, 2002) or Juan Suarez's ''Bike Boys, Drag Queens, and Superstars'' (Indiana University Press, 1996). ''[[Blue Movie]]'', a film in which Warhol superstar Viva makes love and fools around in bed with a man for 33 minutes of the film's playing-time, was Warhol's last film as director. The film was at the time scandalous for its frank approach to a sexual encounter. For many years Viva refused to allow it to be screened. It was publicly screened in New York in 2005 for the first time in over thirty years.  
-After his [[June 3]], [[1968]] shooting, a reclusive Warhol relinquished his personal involvement in filmmaking. His acolyte and assistant director, [[Paul Morrissey]], took over the film-making chores for the [[The Factory|Factory]] collective, steering Warhol-branded cinema towards more [[mainstream]], [[narrative]]-based, [[B-movie]] [[exploitation film|exploitation]] fare with ''[[Flesh (film)|Flesh]]'', ''[[Trash (film)|Trash]]'', and ''[[Heat (1972 film)|Heat]]''. All of these films, including the later ''[[Blood for Dracula|Andy Warhol's Dracula]]'' and ''[[Flesh for Frankenstein|Andy Warhol's Frankenstein]]'', were far more mainstream than anything Warhol as a director had attempted. These latter "Warhol" films starred [[Joe Dallesandro]], who was more of a Morrissey star than a true [[Warhol superstar]]. 
-In order to facilitate the success of these Warhol-branded, Morrissey-directed movies in the marketplace, all of Warhol's earlier avant-garde films were removed from distribution and exhibition by 1972. 
-Another film, ''[[Andy Warhol's Bad|Bad]]'', made significant impact as a "Warhol" film yet was directed by Jed Johnson. ''Bad'' starred the infamous [[Carroll Baker]] and a young [[Perry King]]. 
-The first volume of a [[catalogue raisonne]] for the Factory film archive, edited by Callie Angell, was published in the spring of 2006. 
-* ''[[Blow Job (film)|Blow Job]]'' (1963) 
-* ''[[Eat (film)|Eat]]'' (1963) 
-* ''[[Haircut (film)|Haircut]]'' (1963) 
-* ''[[Kiss (film, 1963)|Kiss]]'' (1963) 
-* ''[[Naomi's Birthday Party]]'' (1963) 
-* ''[[Sleep (film)|Sleep]]'' (1963) 
-* ''[[13 Most Beautiful Women]]'' (1964) 
-* ''[[Batman Dracula]]'' (1964) 
-* ''[[Clockwork (film)|Clockwork]]'' (1964) 
-* ''[[Couch (film, 1964)|Couch]]'' (1964) 
-* ''[[Drunk (film)|Drunk]]'' (1964) 
-* ''[[Empire (1964 film)|Empire]]'' (1964) 
-* ''[[The End of Dawn]]'' (1964) 
-* ''[[Lips (film)|Lips]]'' (1964) 
-* ''[[Mario Banana I]]'' (1964) 
-* ''[[Mario Banana II]]'' (1964) 
-* ''[[Messy Lives]]'' (1964) 
-* ''[[Naomi and Rufus Kiss]]'' (1964) 
-* ''[[Tarzan and Jane Regained... Sort of]]'' (1964) 
-* ''[[The Thirteen Most Beautiful Boys]]'' (1964) 
-* ''[[Beauty No. 2|Beauty #2]]'' (1965) 
-* ''[[Bitch (film)|Bitch]]'' (1965) 
-* ''[[Camp (1965 film)|Camp]]'' (1965) 
-* ''[[Harlot (film)|Harlot]]'' (1965) 
-* ''[[Horse (film)|Horse]]'' (1965) 
-* ''[[Kitchen (film)|Kitchen]]'' (1965) 
-* ''[[The Life of Juanita Castro]]'' (1965) 
-* ''[[My Hustler]]'' (1965) 
-* ''[[Poor Little Rich Girl (film)|Poor Little Rich Girl]]'' (1965) 
-* ''[[Restaurant (film)|Restaurant]]'' (1965) 
-* ''[[Space (film)|Space]]'' (1965) 
-* ''[[Taylor Mead's Ass]]'' (1965) 
-* ''[[Vinyl (1965 film)|''Vinyl'']]'' (1965) 
-* ''[[Screen Test (film)|Screen Test]]'' (1965) 
-* ''[[Screen Test No. 2|Screen Test #2]]'' (1965) 
-* ''[[Ari and Mario]]'' (1966) 
-* ''[[Hedy (film)]]'' (1966) 
-* ''[[Kiss the Boot]]'' (1966) 
-* ''[[Milk (film)|Milk]]'' (1966) 
-* ''[[Salvador Dalí (film)|Salvador Dalí]]'' (1966) 
-* ''[[Shower (1966 film)|Shower]]'' (1966) 
-* ''[[Sunset (Warhol film)|Sunset]]'' (1966) 
-* ''[[Superboy (film)|Superboy]]'' (1966) 
-* ''[[The Closet (1966 film)|The Closet]]'' (1966) 
-* ''[[Chelsea Girls]]'' (1966) 
-* ''[[The Beard (film)|The Beard]]'' (1966) 
-* ''[[More Milk, Yvette]]'' (1966) 
-* ''[[Outer and Inner Space]]'' (1966) 
-* ''[[The Velvet Underground and Nico (film)|The Velvet Underground and Nico]]'' (1966) 
-* ''[[The Andy Warhol Story]]'' (1967) 
-* ''[[Tiger Morse]]'' (1967) 
-* ''[[**** (film)|****]]'' (1967) 
-* ''[[Imitation of Christ (film)|The Imitation of Christ]]'' (1967) 
-* ''[[The Nude Restaurant]]'' (1967) 
-* ''[[Bike Boy]]'' (1967) 
-* ''[[I, a Man]]'' (1967) 
-* ''[[San Diego Surf]]'' (1968) 
-* ''[[The Loves of Ondine]]'' (1968) 
-* ''[[Flesh (film)]]'' (1968)  
-* ''[[Lonesome Cowboys (1968 film)|Lonesome Cowboys]]'' (1968) 
-* ''[[Blue Movie]]'' (1969) 
-* ''[[Trash (film)|Trash]]'' (1970) 
-* ''[[L'Amour]]'' (1972) 
-* ''[[Heat (1972 film)|Heat]]'' (1972) 
-* ''[[Flesh for Frankenstein]]'' (1973)<br><small>aka Andy Warhol's Frankenstein (USA)</small> 
-* ''[[Blood for Dracula]]'' (1974)<br><small>aka Andy Warhol's Dracula (USA)</small></small> 
{{GFDL}} {{GFDL}}
[[Category:Canon]] [[Category:Canon]]

Revision as of 18:02, 29 September 2007

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Andy Warhol (August 6, 1928February 22, 1987) was an American artist, a central figure in the movement known as Pop Art. After a sucessful career as a commercial illustrator, Warhol became famous worldwide for his work as a painter, an avant-garde filmmaker, a record producer, an author and a public figure known for his presence in wildly diverse social circles that included bohemian street people, distinguished intellectuals, Hollywood celebrities and wealthy aristocrats.

A controversial figure during his lifetime (his work was often derided by critics as a hoax or "put-on"), Warhol has been the subject of numerous retrospective exhibitions, books and documentary films since his death in 1987. He is generally acknowledged as one of the most influential artists of the twentieth century.

He founded the magazine Interview.


In third grade, Warhol came down with St. Vitus' dance, an affliction of the nervous system causing involuntary movements which is believed to be a complication of scarlet fever. This disease led to a blotchiness in pigmentation of his skin and, as a child, he became somewhat of a hypochondriac, developing a fear of hospitals and medical doctors. Because he was at times bed-ridden as a child, he became an outcast among his school-mates and bonded with his mother very strongly (Guiles, 1989). When in bed he used to draw, listen to the radio and collect pictures of movie stars around his bed. Looking back later, Warhol described the period of his sickness as very important in the development of his personality and in the forming of his skill-set and preferences.



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