Andy Warhol  

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 +"The "[[Death and Disaster]]" paintings (such as "Red Car Crash", "Purple Jumping Man", "Orange Disaster") transformed personal tragedies into public [[spectacle]]s, and signalled the use of images of disaster in the then evolving media." --S. Stein
 +<hr>
 +In [[third grade]], Warhol came down with [[Chorea (disease)|St. Vitus' dance]], an affliction of the nervous system causing involuntary movements which is believed to be a complication of [[Rheumatic fever|scarlet fever]]. This disease led to a blotchiness in pigmentation of his skin and, as a child, he became somewhat of a [[hypochondria|hypochondriac]], developing a fear of hospitals and medical doctors. Because he was at times bed-ridden as a child, he became an outcast among his school-mates and bonded with his mother very strongly (Guiles, 1989). When in bed he used to draw, listen to the radio and collect pictures of movie stars around his bed. Looking back later, Warhol described the period of his sickness as very important in the development of his personality and in the forming of his skill-set and preferences.
 +|}
{{Template}} {{Template}}
-'''Andy Warhol''' ([[August 6]], [[1928]] — [[February 22]], [[1987]]) was an [[United States|American]] [[artist]], a central figure in the movement known as [[Pop Art]]. After a sucessful career as a commercial [[illustrator]], Warhol became famous worldwide for his work as a painter, an [[avant-garde film]]maker, a record producer, an author and a [[celebrity|public figure]] known for his presence in wildly diverse social circles that included [[bohemian]] street people, distinguished [[intellectual]]s, Hollywood [[celebrities]] and wealthy [[aristocrat]]s. +'''Andy Warhol''' (August 6, 1928&nbsp;– February 22, 1987) was an [[American artist]] who was a leading figure in the [[Art movement|visual art movement]] known as [[pop art]]. His works explore the relationship between artistic expression, celebrity culture, and advertisement that flourished by the 1960s. Today, he is best known for his ''[[Campbell's Soup Cans]]'' and his ''[[Death and Disaster]]'' series.
-A [[controversial]] figure during his lifetime (his work was often derided by [[critics]] as a [[hoax]] or "put-on"), Warhol has been the subject of numerous retrospective exhibitions, books and documentary films since his death in 1987. He is generally acknowledged as one of the most [[influential]] artists of the twentieth century.+Warhol's art used many types of media, including hand drawing, painting, printmaking, photography, silk screening, sculpture, film, and music. He was also a pioneer in computer-generated art using [[Amiga]] computers that were introduced in 1985, two years before his death. He founded ''[[Interview (magazine)|Interview]]'' magazine and was the author of numerous books, including ''[[The Philosophy of Andy Warhol]]'' and ''[[Popism: The Warhol Sixties]]''. He managed and produced [[The Velvet Underground]], a rock band which had a strong influence on the evolution of [[punk rock]] music. He is also notable as a gay man who lived openly as such before the [[gay liberation|gay liberation movement]]. His studio, [[The Factory]], was a well known gathering place that brought together distinguished intellectuals, drag queens, playwrights, [[Bohemianism|Bohemian]] street people, Hollywood celebrities, and wealthy patrons.
-He founded the magazine ''[[Interview (magazine)|Interview]]''.+Warhol has been the subject of numerous retrospective [[art exhibition|exhibitions]], books, and [[I Shot Andy Warhol|feature]] and documentary films. He coined the widely used expression "[[15 minutes of fame]]". Many of his creations are very collectible and highly valuable. The highest price ever paid for a Warhol painting is US$105&nbsp;million for a 1963 canvas titled "[[Silver Car Crash (Double Disaster)]]". A 2009 article in ''The Economist'' described Warhol as the "[[bellwether]] of the art market". Warhol's works include some of the [[List of most expensive paintings|most expensive paintings ever sold]].
- +== See also ==
-== Childhood ==+
- +
-In [[third grade]], Warhol came down with [[Chorea (disease)|St. Vitus' dance]], an affliction of the nervous system causing involuntary movements which is believed to be a complication of [[Rheumatic fever|scarlet fever]]. This disease led to a blotchiness in pigmentation of his skin and, as a child, he became somewhat of a [[hypochondria|hypochondriac]], developing a fear of hospitals and medical doctors. Because he was at times bed-ridden as a child, he became an outcast among his school-mates and bonded with his mother very strongly (Guiles, 1989). When in bed he used to draw, listen to the radio and collect pictures of movie stars around his bed. Looking back later, Warhol described the period of his sickness as very important in the development of his personality and in the forming of his skill-set and preferences.+
- +
-== Work ==+
-===Films===+
*[[The films of Andy Warhol]] *[[The films of Andy Warhol]]
-Warhol worked across a wide range of media &mdash; painting, photography, drawing, and sculpture. In addition, he was a highly prolific filmmaker. Between 1963 and 1968, he made more than sixty films. One of his most famous films, ''[[Sleep (film)|Sleep]]'' (1963), monitors poet [[John Giorno]] sleeping for six hours. The 35-minute film ''[[Blow Job (film)|Blow Job]]'' (1963) is one continuous shot of the face of DeVerne Bookwalter supposedly receiving [[oral sex]], although the camera never tilts down to see this. Another, [[Empire (1964 film)|''Empire'']] (1964), consists of eight hours of footage of the [[Empire State Building]] in New York City at dusk.+*[[15 minutes of fame]]
- +*''[[The Artworld]]'', an [[Arthur Danto]] essay.
-''[[Batman Dracula]]'' is a 1964 film that was produced and directed by Warhol, without the permission of [[DC Comics]]. It was screened only at his art exhibits. A fan of the Batman series, Warhol's movie was an "homage" to the series, and is considered the first appearance of a blatantly [[Camp (style)|campy]] Batman. The film was until recently thought to have been lost, until scenes from the picture were shown at some length in the 2006 documentary ''[[Jack Smith and the Destruction of Atlantis]]''.+
- +
-Warhol's 1965 film ''[[Vinyl (1965 film)|''Vinyl'']]'' is an adaptation of [[Anthony Burgess]]' popular [[dystopia]]n novel ''[[A Clockwork Orange]]''. Others record improvised encounters between Factory regulars such as [[Brigid Berlin]], [[Viva (Warhol Superstar)|Viva]], [[Edie Sedgwick]], [[Candy Darling]], [[Holly Woodlawn]], Ondine, [[Nico]], and [[Jackie Curtis]]. Legendary underground artist [[Jack Smith (film director)|Jack Smith]] appears in the film ''Camp''.+
- +
-His most popular and critically successful film was ''[[Chelsea Girls]]'' (1966). The film was highly innovative in that it consisted of two [[16 mm film|16 mm]] films being projected simultaneously, with two different stories being shown in tandem. From the projection booth, the sound would be raised for one film to elucidate that "story" while it was lowered for the other. Then it would be the other film's turn to bask in the glory of sound. The multiplication of images evoked Warhol's seminal silk-screen works of the early 1960s. The influence of the film's split-screen, multi-narrative style could be felt in such modern work as [[Mike Figgis]]' ''[[Timecode (film)|Timecode]]'' and, however indirectly, the early seasons of [[24 (TV series)|''24'']].+
- +
-Other important films include ''[[Bike Boy (1968 film)|Bike Boy]]'' (1967-1968), ''[[My Hustler (1965 film)|My Hustler]]'' (1965) and ''[[Lonesome Cowboys (1968 film)|Lonesome Cowboys]]'' (1968), a raunchy pseudo-[[Western (genre)|Western]]. These and other titles document gay underground and camp culture, and continue to feature prominently in scholarship about sexuality and art - see, for example, Mathew Tinkom's ''Working Like a Homosexual'' (Duke University Press, 2002) or Juan Suarez's ''Bike Boys, Drag Queens, and Superstars'' (Indiana University Press, 1996). ''[[Blue Movie]]'', a film in which Warhol superstar Viva makes love and fools around in bed with a man for 33 minutes of the film's playing-time, was Warhol's last film as director. The film was at the time scandalous for its frank approach to a sexual encounter. For many years Viva refused to allow it to be screened. It was publicly screened in New York in 2005 for the first time in over thirty years. +
- +
-After his [[June 3]], [[1968]] shooting, a reclusive Warhol relinquished his personal involvement in filmmaking. His acolyte and assistant director, [[Paul Morrissey]], took over the film-making chores for the [[The Factory|Factory]] collective, steering Warhol-branded cinema towards more [[mainstream]], [[narrative]]-based, [[B-movie]] [[exploitation film|exploitation]] fare with ''[[Flesh (film)|Flesh]]'', ''[[Trash (film)|Trash]]'', and ''[[Heat (1972 film)|Heat]]''. All of these films, including the later ''[[Blood for Dracula|Andy Warhol's Dracula]]'' and ''[[Flesh for Frankenstein|Andy Warhol's Frankenstein]]'', were far more mainstream than anything Warhol as a director had attempted. These latter "Warhol" films starred [[Joe Dallesandro]], who was more of a Morrissey star than a true [[Warhol superstar]].+
- +
-In order to facilitate the success of these Warhol-branded, Morrissey-directed movies in the marketplace, all of Warhol's earlier avant-garde films were removed from distribution and exhibition by 1972.+
- +
-Another film, ''[[Andy Warhol's Bad|Bad]]'', made significant impact as a "Warhol" film yet was directed by Jed Johnson. ''Bad'' starred the infamous [[Carroll Baker]] and a young [[Perry King]].+
- +
-The first volume of a [[catalogue raisonne]] for the Factory film archive, edited by Callie Angell, was published in the spring of 2006.+
- +
-===Selected===+
-===Filmography===+
- +
-* ''[[Blow Job (film)|Blow Job]]'' (1963)+
-* ''[[Eat (film)|Eat]]'' (1963)+
-* ''[[Haircut (film)|Haircut]]'' (1963)+
-* ''[[Kiss (film, 1963)|Kiss]]'' (1963)+
-* ''[[Naomi's Birthday Party]]'' (1963)+
-* ''[[Sleep (film)|Sleep]]'' (1963)+
-* ''[[13 Most Beautiful Women]]'' (1964)+
-* ''[[Batman Dracula]]'' (1964)+
-* ''[[Clockwork (film)|Clockwork]]'' (1964)+
-* ''[[Couch (film, 1964)|Couch]]'' (1964)+
-* ''[[Drunk (film)|Drunk]]'' (1964)+
-* ''[[Empire (1964 film)|Empire]]'' (1964)+
-* ''[[The End of Dawn]]'' (1964)+
-* ''[[Lips (film)|Lips]]'' (1964)+
-* ''[[Mario Banana I]]'' (1964)+
-* ''[[Mario Banana II]]'' (1964)+
-* ''[[Messy Lives]]'' (1964)+
-* ''[[Naomi and Rufus Kiss]]'' (1964)+
-* ''[[Tarzan and Jane Regained... Sort of]]'' (1964)+
-* ''[[The Thirteen Most Beautiful Boys]]'' (1964)+
-* ''[[Beauty No. 2|Beauty #2]]'' (1965)+
-* ''[[Bitch (film)|Bitch]]'' (1965)+
-* ''[[Camp (1965 film)|Camp]]'' (1965)+
-* ''[[Harlot (film)|Harlot]]'' (1965)+
-* ''[[Horse (film)|Horse]]'' (1965)+
-* ''[[Kitchen (film)|Kitchen]]'' (1965)+
-* ''[[The Life of Juanita Castro]]'' (1965)+
-* ''[[My Hustler]]'' (1965)+
-* ''[[Poor Little Rich Girl (film)|Poor Little Rich Girl]]'' (1965)+
-* ''[[Restaurant (film)|Restaurant]]'' (1965)+
-* ''[[Space (film)|Space]]'' (1965)+
-* ''[[Taylor Mead's Ass]]'' (1965)+
-* ''[[Vinyl (1965 film)|''Vinyl'']]'' (1965)+
-* ''[[Screen Test (film)|Screen Test]]'' (1965)+
-* ''[[Screen Test No. 2|Screen Test #2]]'' (1965)+
-* ''[[Ari and Mario]]'' (1966)+
-* ''[[Hedy (film)]]'' (1966)+
-* ''[[Kiss the Boot]]'' (1966)+
-* ''[[Milk (film)|Milk]]'' (1966)+
-* ''[[Salvador Dalí (film)|Salvador Dalí]]'' (1966)+
-* ''[[Shower (1966 film)|Shower]]'' (1966)+
-* ''[[Sunset (Warhol film)|Sunset]]'' (1966)+
-* ''[[Superboy (film)|Superboy]]'' (1966)+
-* ''[[The Closet (1966 film)|The Closet]]'' (1966)+
-* ''[[Chelsea Girls]]'' (1966)+
-* ''[[The Beard (film)|The Beard]]'' (1966)+
-* ''[[More Milk, Yvette]]'' (1966)+
-* ''[[Outer and Inner Space]]'' (1966)+
-* ''[[The Velvet Underground and Nico (film)|The Velvet Underground and Nico]]'' (1966)+
-* ''[[The Andy Warhol Story]]'' (1967)+
-* ''[[Tiger Morse]]'' (1967)+
-* ''[[**** (film)|****]]'' (1967)+
-* ''[[Imitation of Christ (film)|The Imitation of Christ]]'' (1967)+
-* ''[[The Nude Restaurant]]'' (1967)+
-* ''[[Bike Boy]]'' (1967)+
-* ''[[I, a Man]]'' (1967)+
-* ''[[San Diego Surf]]'' (1968)+
-* ''[[The Loves of Ondine]]'' (1968)+
-* ''[[Flesh (film)]]'' (1968) +
-* ''[[Lonesome Cowboys (1968 film)|Lonesome Cowboys]]'' (1968)+
-* ''[[Blue Movie]]'' (1969)+
-* ''[[Trash (film)|Trash]]'' (1970)+
-* ''[[L'Amour]]'' (1972)+
-* ''[[Heat (1972 film)|Heat]]'' (1972)+
-* ''[[Flesh for Frankenstein]]'' (1973)<br><small>aka Andy Warhol's Frankenstein (USA)</small>+
-* ''[[Blood for Dracula]]'' (1974)<br><small>aka Andy Warhol's Dracula (USA)</small></small>+
- +
{{GFDL}} {{GFDL}}
[[Category:Canon]] [[Category:Canon]]

Current revision

"The "Death and Disaster" paintings (such as "Red Car Crash", "Purple Jumping Man", "Orange Disaster") transformed personal tragedies into public spectacles, and signalled the use of images of disaster in the then evolving media." --S. Stein


In third grade, Warhol came down with St. Vitus' dance, an affliction of the nervous system causing involuntary movements which is believed to be a complication of scarlet fever. This disease led to a blotchiness in pigmentation of his skin and, as a child, he became somewhat of a hypochondriac, developing a fear of hospitals and medical doctors. Because he was at times bed-ridden as a child, he became an outcast among his school-mates and bonded with his mother very strongly (Guiles, 1989). When in bed he used to draw, listen to the radio and collect pictures of movie stars around his bed. Looking back later, Warhol described the period of his sickness as very important in the development of his personality and in the forming of his skill-set and preferences.

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Andy Warhol (August 6, 1928 – February 22, 1987) was an American artist who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art. His works explore the relationship between artistic expression, celebrity culture, and advertisement that flourished by the 1960s. Today, he is best known for his Campbell's Soup Cans and his Death and Disaster series.

Warhol's art used many types of media, including hand drawing, painting, printmaking, photography, silk screening, sculpture, film, and music. He was also a pioneer in computer-generated art using Amiga computers that were introduced in 1985, two years before his death. He founded Interview magazine and was the author of numerous books, including The Philosophy of Andy Warhol and Popism: The Warhol Sixties. He managed and produced The Velvet Underground, a rock band which had a strong influence on the evolution of punk rock music. He is also notable as a gay man who lived openly as such before the gay liberation movement. His studio, The Factory, was a well known gathering place that brought together distinguished intellectuals, drag queens, playwrights, Bohemian street people, Hollywood celebrities, and wealthy patrons.

Warhol has been the subject of numerous retrospective exhibitions, books, and feature and documentary films. He coined the widely used expression "15 minutes of fame". Many of his creations are very collectible and highly valuable. The highest price ever paid for a Warhol painting is US$105 million for a 1963 canvas titled "Silver Car Crash (Double Disaster)". A 2009 article in The Economist described Warhol as the "bellwether of the art market". Warhol's works include some of the most expensive paintings ever sold.

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Andy Warhol" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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