Alfred Radcliffe-Brown  

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-:''[[Structural anthropology]], [[kinship]]''+'''Alfred Reginald Radcliffe-Brown''' (born [[17 January]] [[1881]] in [[Birmingham]] - died [[24 October]] [[1955]] in [[London]]) was an [[England|English]] [[Social Anthropology|social anthropologist]] who developed the theory of [[Structural Functionalism]], a framework that describes basic concepts relating to the [[social structure]] of [[primitive civilization]]s.
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-After a brief stint from 1946 to 1947 as a cultural attaché to the French embassy in [[Washington, DC]], Lévi-Strauss returned to Paris in 1948. It was at this time that he received his [[doctorate]] from the [[Collège de Sorbonne|Sorbonne]] by submitting, in the French tradition, both a "major" and a "minor" thesis. These were ''The Family and Social Life of the Nambikwara Indians'' and ''[[The Elementary Structures of Kinship]]''.+
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-''The Elementary Structures of Kinship'' was published the next year and quickly came to be regarded as one of the most important anthropological works on [[kinship]]. It was even reviewed favorably by [[Simone de Beauvoir]], who viewed it as an important statement of the position of women in [[non-western]] cultures. A play on the title of [[Émile Durkheim|Durkheim's]] famous ''[[Elementary Forms of the Religious Life]]'', ''Elementary Structures'' re-examined how people organized their families by examining the logical structures that underlay relationships rather than their contents. While British anthropologists such as [[Alfred Reginald Radcliffe-Brown]] argued that kinship was based on ''descent'' from a common ancestor, Lévi-Strauss argued that kinship was based on the ''alliance'' between two families that formed when women from one group married men from another.+
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Alfred Reginald Radcliffe-Brown (born 17 January 1881 in Birmingham - died 24 October 1955 in London) was an English social anthropologist who developed the theory of Structural Functionalism, a framework that describes basic concepts relating to the social structure of primitive civilizations.




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