Étant donnés  

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 +'''''Etant donnés''''' (''Given: 1 The Waterfall, 2. The Illuminating Gas'', French: ''Etant donnés: 1° la chute d'eau / 2° le gaz d'éclairage''.) is [[Marcel Duchamp]]'s last major art work which surprised the art world that believed he'd given up art for chess 25 years earlier. It is a tableau, visible only through two [[hole]]s in a wooden [[door]], of a [[nude woman]] lying on her back with her face hidden and legs spread holding a gas lamp in the air in one hand against a landscape backdrop.
 +
 +Duchamp worked secretly on the piece from [[1946]] to [[1966]] in his [[Greenwich Village]] studio while even his closest friends thought he had abandoned art.
 +
 +It is made of an old wooden door, bricks, velvet, twigs, a female form made of leather, glass, linoleum, and an electric motor. Duchamp prepared a "Manual of Instructions" in a 4-ring binder explaining and illustrating how to assemble and disassemble the piece.
 +
 +[[Jonathan Wallis]] has pointed out the parallels between ''Étant donnés'' and the [[Black Dahlia]] murder. By far the most striking one are the two bodies. In a photograph of [[Elizabeth Short]]’s body at the crime scene, she lies in thick, tall grass not unlike the twigs that surround the body in ''Étant donnés''; her legs spread wide displaying her sex…
 +
 +It wasn't until [[1969]] that the [[Philadelphia Museum of Art]] revealed the tableau to the public.
 +==See also==
 +*[[Peephole]]
 +==Notes and references==
 +*Tomkins, Calvin: ''Duchamp: A Biography'', Henry Holt and Company, Inc., 1996. ISBN 0-8050-5789-7
 +*Hulten, Pontus (editor): ''Marcel Duchamp: Work and Life'', The MIT Press, 1993. ISBN 0-262-08225-X
 +
 +==External links==
 +* Outside view of [http://www.philamuseum.org/collections/permanent/65633.html ''Etant donnés''] at the [[Philadelphia Museum of Art]].
 +* Inside view of [http://www.toutfait.com/issues/issue_2/Notes/pop_2.html ''Etant donnés'']
 +*http://iamyouasheisme.wordpress.com/2005/04/20/duchamp-what-is-given/
 +*http://ombresblanches.wordpress.com/2007/06/20/duchamps-dahlia-or-the-man-ray-mystery/
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 +[[Category:WAC]]

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Etant donnés (Given: 1 The Waterfall, 2. The Illuminating Gas, French: Etant donnés: 1° la chute d'eau / 2° le gaz d'éclairage.) is Marcel Duchamp's last major art work which surprised the art world that believed he'd given up art for chess 25 years earlier. It is a tableau, visible only through two holes in a wooden door, of a nude woman lying on her back with her face hidden and legs spread holding a gas lamp in the air in one hand against a landscape backdrop.

Duchamp worked secretly on the piece from 1946 to 1966 in his Greenwich Village studio while even his closest friends thought he had abandoned art.

It is made of an old wooden door, bricks, velvet, twigs, a female form made of leather, glass, linoleum, and an electric motor. Duchamp prepared a "Manual of Instructions" in a 4-ring binder explaining and illustrating how to assemble and disassemble the piece.

Jonathan Wallis has pointed out the parallels between Étant donnés and the Black Dahlia murder. By far the most striking one are the two bodies. In a photograph of Elizabeth Short’s body at the crime scene, she lies in thick, tall grass not unlike the twigs that surround the body in Étant donnés; her legs spread wide displaying her sex…

It wasn't until 1969 that the Philadelphia Museum of Art revealed the tableau to the public.

See also

Notes and references

  • Tomkins, Calvin: Duchamp: A Biography, Henry Holt and Company, Inc., 1996. ISBN 0-8050-5789-7
  • Hulten, Pontus (editor): Marcel Duchamp: Work and Life, The MIT Press, 1993. ISBN 0-262-08225-X

External links




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