8th century BC  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The 8th century BC started the first day of 800 BC and ended the last day of 701 BC.

Contents

Overview

The 8th century BC was a period of great changes in civilizations. In Egypt, the 23rd and 24th dynasties led to rule from Nubia in the 25 Dynasty. The Neo-Assyrian Empire reaches the peak of its power, conquering the Kingdom of Israel as well as nearby countries.

Greece colonizes other regions of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea. Rome is founded in 753 BC, and the Etruscan civilization expands in Italy. The 8th century BC is conventionally taken as the beginning of Classical Antiquity, with the first Olympiad set at 776 BC, and the epics of Homer dated to the period. A historic solar eclipse is recorded in China, 780 BC.Template:Fact

Iron Age India enters the later Vedic period. Vedic ritual is annotated in many priestly schools in Brahmana commentaries, and the earliest Upanishads mark the beginning of Vedanta philosophy.

Events

Image:She-wolf suckles Romulus and Remus.jpg
The 13th century AD bronze Capitoline Wolf suckles the infant twins Romulus and Remus, the twins added in the 15th century. They were the legendary founder of Rome
Image:Sargon II and dignitary.jpg
Sargon II, King of Assyria and conqueror of the Kingdom of Israel, depicted here with a dignitary

Significant persons

Although many human societies were literate at this time, some of the individuals mentioned below must be considered legendary rather than historical.

Inventions, discoveries, introductions




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "8th century BC" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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