From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Year 1 (I) was a common year starting on Saturday or Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Saturday of the Proleptic Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caesar and Paullus (or, less frequently, year 754 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 1 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. It was the first year of the Christian/Common era. The preceding year is 1 BC in the widely used Julian calendar, which does not have a "year zero".
- Tiberius, under order of Augustus, quells revolts in Germania (1–5).
- Gaius Caesar and Lucius Aemilius Paullus are appointed consuls.
- Gaius Caesar marries Livilla, daughter of Antonia Minor and Nero Claudius Drusus, in an effort to gain prestige.
- Quirinius becomes a chief advisor to Gaius in Armenia. Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus, whose father Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus had served as consul in 16 BC, also serves in the Armenia campaigns.
- The Aqua Alsietina aqueduct is constructed.
- Silk appears in Rome.
- Areius Paianeius becomes Archon of Athens.
- The Yuanshi era of the Chinese Han Dynasty begins.
- Confucius is given his first royal title (posthumous name) of Lord Baochengxun Ni.
- Emperor Ping of Han China begins his reign and Wang Mang is re-instated as regent by Grand Empress Dowager Wang.
- Former regent Dong Xian commits suicide.
- Sapadbizes, Yuezhi prince and King of Kush (Bactria), dies. Heraios succeeds him as king.
- The Kingdom of Aksum, centered in modern day Ethiopia and Eritrea, is founded (approximate date).
- Amanishakheto, Queen of Kush (Nubia), dies. Her son, Natakamani, becomes King of Kush.
- Moxos ceases to be a significant religious area in South America (approximate date).
- The Teotihuacan culture in Mesoamerica begins (approximate date).
Arts and sciences
- The poem Metamorphoses is written by Ovid.
- Livy writes his monumental History of Rome (Ab Urbe Condita).
- Birth of Jesus, as assigned by Dionysius Exiguus in his anno Domini era according to at least one scholar. However, most scholars think Dionysius placed the birth of Jesus in the previous year, 1 BC. Despite this, most modern scholars do not consider Dionysius' calculations authoritative, placing the event several years earlier (see Chronology of Jesus).
- Buddhism is introduced into China.
- Lucius Annaeus Gallio, Roman proconsul (d. 65)
- Quinctilius Varus, son of Publius Quinctilius Varus and Claudia Pulchra (d. c. 27)
- Pallas, Greek Freedman and political advisor (d. 65)