From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
- 1940s subcultures, 1940s literature
- 1940 - 1941 - 1942 - 1943 - 1944 - 1945 - 1946 - 1947 - 1948 - 1949
World War II and its aftermath
The first half of the decade was dominated by World War II, the widest and most destructive armed conflict in human history. So consequential was this event and its brutal aftermath that it laid the foundation for other major world events and trends for decades to follow. This war was also the first modern civilian war.
The second half marked the beginning of the East-West conflict and the Cold War, together with major social upheaval caused by the destruction of the war, the large number of refugees, and soldiers returning home and demanding government recognition for their sacrifice, especially in colonies of European countries, many of which gained independence.
Culture and religion
- Frank Capra's It's a Wonderful Life is released in 1946
- Michael Curtiz's Casablanca is released in 1942
- Orson Welles' Citizen Kane is released in 1941
- Billy Wilder's Double Indemnity is released in 1944
- William Wyler's Mrs. Miniver is released in 1942
- Alfred Hitchcock's Notorious is released in 1946
- Walt Disney's Pinocchio (1940 film) and Fantasia are released in 1940.
- Walt Disney's Dumbo is released in 1941
- Walt Disney's Bambi is released in 1942
- George Orwell publishes Animal Farm
- The Gremlins, the first book by Roald Dahl is published in 1943
- Arthur Miller publishes Death of a Salesman