From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Art and culture
- Satirical journal La Caricature founded in France (1830)
- The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1831)
- Le Rouge et le Noir (1831)
- Gamiani, ou une nuit d'excès (1833)
- Viy (1835)
Eadweard Muybridge - Gustave Doré - Édouard Manet - Félicien Rops - Johannes Brahms - James Whistler - Henry Spencer Ashbee - William Morris - Cesare Lombroso - Mark Twain - Leopold von Sacher-Masoch - Algernon Charles Swinburne - Jean-Pierre Brisset - Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam - Paul Cézanne - Walter Pater
The 1830s decade ran from January 1, 1830, to December 31, 1839.
Politics and wars
- The First Opium War between the United Kingdom and the Qing Empire of China started in 1839. It would end three years later with the signing of the Treaty of Nanking on 1842-08-29.
- French Revolution of 1830
- Egba refugees fleeing the Yoruba civil wars found the city of Abeokuta in south-west Nigeria.
- The stealthy murderers called "thugs" are eradicated by William Sleeman and his team in British India.
- Texas Revolution begins in Texas.
Decolonization and Independence
- Electromagnetic induction discovered by Michael Faraday.
- Railroad construction begins in earnest in the United States.
- Robert's Quartet, a group of galaxies, is discovered.
- Evolutionary theorist Charles Darwin's expedition on the HMS Beagle.
- A period of economic prosperity in America and Europe, mainly due to increasing trade, the mass production of railroads, and the Erie Canal.
- Dutch-speaking farmers known as Voortrekkers emigrate northwards from the Cape Colony.
- The destruction of the Second Bank of the United States in 1836.
- Richard Wagner completes his first opera, Die Feen (The Fairies).
- Invention of the saxophone by Belgian instrument maker Adolphe Sax.
- Innovations in roller printing on textiles introduced new dress fabrics.
- Broad, exaggerated sleeves for women and padded shoulders for men contrasted a narrow, idealized waist.
- Brocades come back into style.
- Low boots with elastic insets appear.
- Greatcoats, overcoats with wide sleeves, become fashionable for men to wear with day wear.
- Emperor Daoguang (道光帝) (China)
- Emperor Francis II (Austria)
- Emperor Ferdinand I (Austria)
- Chancellor Klemens Wenzel von Metternich (Austria)
- King Louis-Philippe (July Monarchy France)
- Frederick William III of Prussia (Prussia)
- Pope Gregory XVI
- Emperor Nicholas I (Russia)
- King Ferdinand VII (Spain)
- King Charles XIV John (Sweden)
- King William IV (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland)
- Queen Victoria (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland)
- Prime Minister Lord Grey (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland)
- Prime Minister Lord Melbourne (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland)
- President Andrew Jackson (United States)
- President Martin Van Buren (United States)
- President Sam Houston (Republic of Texas)
- President Mirabeau B. Lamar (Republic of Texas)
- Shahs of Persia (Qajar dynasty)