13th century  

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Periculoso (named for its Latin incipit (meaning dangerous) was a papal decretal of Pope Boniface VIII issued in 1298, that required the claustration of Catholic nuns. It is often incorrectly referred to as a papal bull.

Panel paintings began in Italy in the 13th century and spread throughout Europe, so by the 15th century they had become the dominate form supplanting even stained glass.

A 13th century medieval monk searched all biblical and patristic texts for sentences containing the word nemo, Latin for nobody. He then interpreted phrases such as “nemo deum vidit” (“Nobody has seen God”), along with many other references to nobody, to mean that Nemo referred to a proper noun. He published his findings in History of Nemo.

The fanatic practice of mortification of the flesh for religious purposes includes the Christian Flagellant movements of the 13th century

By the late 13th century the last of the crusader strongholds in the Middle East had fallen to the Muslims.

The fabliau is a comic, usually anonymous tale written by jongleurs in northeast France circa the 13th century.

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As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was the century which lasted from January 1, 1201 through December 31, 1300 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Common Era. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages, and after its conquests in Asia the Mongol Empire stretched from Eastern Asia to Eastern Europe.













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