Étienne-Gabriel Morelly  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Étienne-Gabriel Morelly (1717 – ?) was a French utopian thinker and novelist. An otherwise "obscure tax official", Morelly wrote two books on education and a critique of Montesquieu. However, he is best known as author of The Code of Nature, published anonymously in France in 1755. This book severely criticized the society of his day and proposed a constitution intended to lead to an egalitarian society without property, marriage, church or police.


  • Essai sur l'esprit humain, 1743
  • Essai sur le coeur humain, 1745
  • Le Prince, les délices des coeurs, ou traité des qualités d'un grand roi et système d'un sage gouvernement [The Prince, the delights of the heart, or, A treatise on the qualities of a great king and system of wise government], 1751
  • Code de la nature, ou de véritable esprit de ses lois, 1755

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